John Hager (cartoonist)
|John "Dok" Hager|
|Born||John Ross Hager
June 29, 1858
Terre Haute, Indiana
|Died||June 14, 1932
|Residence||Terre Haute, Indiana and Seattle, Washington|
|Education||Attended college in Germany or Zurich, Switzerland|
|Occupation||Dentist, newspaper cartoonist|
|Years active||Cartoonist from 1909 to 1925|
|Employer||Seattle Daily Times|
Carrie Hager (1883-1895)
Jacob H. Hager (father)
|Awards||Life acknowledged on front page of Seattle Daily Times in obituary.|
John Ross "Dok" Hager (June 29, 1858 – June 14, 1932) was an American cartoonist for the Seattle Daily Times, creator of a daily comic accompanying the weather report, and the comic strip Dok's Dippy Duck. Hager's nickname stems from his time as a dentist in Terre Haute, Indiana before he moved to Seattle, Washington in 1889 and began working for the Seattle Times. Hager retired in 1925 due to blindness.
He was the son of Jacob H. Hager and Carrie Ross of Terre Haute, Indiana. Before moving to Indiana, his family had lived in Hagerstown, Maryland. He married Anna Hyde, who gave him four children. Two of his children were alive when he died.
After he attended school in Europe (his obituary says Germany, but his passport application said Zurich, Switzerland), he set up as a dentist in Terre Haute. He moved to Seattle in 1889, where he continued as a dentist. in 1909 he began cartooning full-time with the Seattle Daily Times and gave up his practice.
Son George Hager
His son, George Hager was also an artist in Seattle, working as an illustrator for the town's rival newspaper, The Seattle Post-Intelligencer. He also edited children's page for the Christian Science Monitor George Hager studied art at the University of Washington and the Arts Student League in New York, where another Seattle cartoonist, William Charles McNulty taught. Both Hagers participated in the Seattle Cartoonists' Club, contributing caricatures of the famous men of Seattle for the club's book, The Cartoon; A Reference Book of Seattle's Successful Men.
Umbrella Man and the Kid
Beginning November 1, 1909, Dok created a daily cartoon to accompany The Weather, which featured a character who came to be known as the Umbrella Man, or "Sport". In the newspaper on May 3, 1913, the weather comic was called The Umbrella Man, in a front–page box naming the paper's features. Later on, as Dok began to do more cartooning, he gave Sport a sidekick, named the Kid.
The Kid was a talking duck. He was not part of the Dippy Duck or The Waddles cartoon strips, but was the sidekick to the Umbrella Man. He became a regular feature on the front page of The Seattle Times. Like the Umbrella Man, the Kid sometimes sported an umbrella hat. The two wandered the streets of Seattle in the comic, dispensing wit and wisdom along with weather forecasts.
Other cartoon ducks
Dok's Dippy Duck
DOK's comic strip, Dok's Dippy Duck started out as a daily comic strip without a name, May 31, 1912. In the early strip, the unnamed duck stood around on the street corner picking fights with whomever passed by. Doc's duck became a traveler during World War I and the cartoons show him interacting with both sides of the conflict. The duck in this cartoon is also known as The Kid.
On May 3, 1913, in a front-page box called "Features of Today's Paper", Dok's cartoon was called "The Duck. By Dok."
On February 10, 1915, the strip was named Dok's Dippy Duck with no change in what was happening in the plot; the February 10 strip addressed what had happened in the previous day's strip. One change that did happen was to make the comic vertical and larger, with fewer frames; it had only four frames, where earlier strips had as many as seven.
This cartoon has been characterized by a comic historian as one of the pioneers of humanized animal comic strips.
The Kid becomes Waddles
Waddles was a duck drawn by George Hager for the Christian Science Monitor in the cartoon strip The Adventures of the Waddles. According to the Seattle Daily Times, Waddles was a continuation of the his father's duck, associated with the weather man. Dok had to discontinue his illustrating when his eyes went, and his children ran the Waddles comic strip. Dok's daughter, Mrs. George Dearborn wrote the rhyming lines to go with the cartoon, while son George Hager did the illustration.
- The Umbrella Man by Dok. Lowman and Hanford Company, Seattle, Washington, 1911.
- Sport and the Kid by Hager, J.R. "Doc". Lowman and Hanford Company, Seattle, Washington, 1913.
- The Cartoon; A Reference Book of Seattle's Successful Men, Frank Calvert (ed.), Metropolitan Press, Seattle, 1911. Online text
- Seattle Daily Times, June 20, 1932, page 1, column 5, bottom. Hager, Old Time Cartoonist Of Times Is Dead.
- McCormick, Mike (January 7, 1996), "Forecaster Famous in Seattle", Terre Haute Tribune Star, section B, p. 7, retrieved 2012-02-20
- Calvert, Frank (1911). The Cartoon; A Reference Book of Seattle's Successful Men. Seattle, Washington: The Press of Trustee Printing Company.
- Seattle Daily Times, November 1, 1909, page 1.
- Seattle Daily Times, May 31, 1912, page 1.
- Seattle Daily Times, February 10, 1915, page 1.
- Seattle Daily Times, February 11, 1915, page 1. Dok's Dippy Duck.
- Lambiek.net. Dok Hager(1858 - 1932, USA)
- Seattle Daily Times, November 9, 1935, page2, column 2. Strolling around the town.
- Allan Holz, The Stripper's Guide blog. The Adventures of the Waddles: Week 1. Thursday, October 04, 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to John Hager (cartoonist).|
- Bill Blackbeard and Martin Williams, The Smithsonian Collection of Newspaper Comics, 1977.
- Dippy Duck sample at Lambiek Comiclopedia
- Connection between Dok's Dippy Duck and The Waddles?
- Biography of John "Doc" Hager
- Online book: The Cartoon; A Reference Book of Seattle's Successful Men, Frank Calvert (ed.), Metropolitan Press, Seattle, 1911.
- Article with information on DOK as well as the Umbrella Man, with photos.