John Hall Wheelock

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John Hall Wheelock in 1936

John Hall Wheelock (September 9, 1886 – March 22, 1978) was an American poet. He was a descendant of Eleazar Wheelock, founder of Dartmouth College. The son of William Efner Wheelock and Emily Charlotte Hall,[1] John Hall Wheelock was born in Far Rockaway, New York, and brought up in the neighborhood now occupied by Rockefeller Center. He summered in a family home on Long Island's South Fork, which provided inspiration for much of his work.[2]

Wheelock's parents encouraged the reading and memorization of poetry, and told of the time when they had seen the great poet Walt Whitman, when John was a baby.

John Hall Wheelock graduated from Harvard University in 1908, and was class poet. As a student, he was editor-in-chief of The Harvard Monthly, and published his first work, Verses by Two Undergraduates, anonymously with his friend Van Wyck Brooks during their freshman year. In 1910, he began work with Charles Scribner and Sons and by 1947 had risen to the position of senior editor. During his career he worked with such distinguished authors as Thomas Wolfe and James Truslow Adams and is noted for discovering poets May Swenson and James Dickey.[3]

Wheelock's published volume of Collected Works was awarded the Golden Rose by the New England Poetry Society in 1936, as the most distinguished contribution to American poetry of that year. For his work Poems Old and New he received the Ridgely Torrence Memorial Award in 1956, and the Borestone Mountain Poetry Award in 1957. In 1962 he won the Bollingen Prize; in 1965 the Signet Society Medal, Harvard University, for distinguished achievement in the arts. In 1972 he was awarded the Gold Medal by the Poetry Society of America for notable achievement in poetry.[3]

John Hall Wheelock was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters, Poetry Society of America (Vice president, 1944-1946), National Institute of Arts and Letters (vice-president), and the Academy of American Poets (chancellor, 1947–71; honorary fellow, 1974-1978). He was an honorary consultant in American letters to the Library of Congress.[3]

In 1940, John Hall Wheelock married Phyllis E. DeKay, the daughter of Charles DeKay, poet and art critic.


  • Verses by Two Undergraduates[4]
  • The human fantasy. Sherman, French. 1911.
  • The belovéd adventure. Sherman, French. 1912.
  • Love and Liberation. Sherman, French. 1913.
  • Dust and Light. Scribner. 1919.
  • The Black Panther. Scribner. 1922.
  • The Bright Doom, Scribner, 1927
  • Collected Poems, 1911-1936, Scribner, 1936
  • Editor to Author: The Letters of Maxwell E. Perkins, 1950. (editor)
  • Poems Old and New, Scribner, 1956
  • The Gardner and Other Poems, Scribner, 1961
  • What is Poetry?, Scribner, 1963
  • Dear Men and Women: New Poems, Scribner, 1966
  • By Daylight and in Dream: New and Collected Poems, 1904-1970, Scribner, 1970
  • In Love and Song: Poems, Scribner, 1971.


  1. ^ [1] This reference was based on information found in the following: "Twentieth Century Authors, A Biographical Dictionary of Modern Literature", Edited by Stanley J. Kunitz and Howard Haycraft, published 1942 in New York by The H. W. Wilson Company. "Twentieth Century Authors, First Supplement, A Biographical Dictionary of Modern Literature", Edited by Stanley J. Kunitz and Vineta Colby, published 1955 in New York by The H. W. Wilson Company. "Contemporary Authors", edited by Clare D. Kinsman, published 1965 by Gale Research Company. "Contemporary Authors", edited by Frances Carol Locher, published 1979 by Gale Research Company.
  2. ^ a b c William Cahill, Molly McKaughan (Fall 1976). "John Hall Wheelock, The Art of Poetry No. 21". The Paris Review.
  3. ^ a b c "Biography of John Hall Wheelock, Poet". 1978-03-22. Retrieved 2013-12-23.
  4. ^ Van Wyck Brooks; John Hall Wheelock; Bacon Collamore (1905). Verses by two undergraduates.

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