John Hamilton-Leslie, 9th Earl of Rothes
Hamilton-Leslie was the eldest son of Charles Hamilton, 5th Earl of Haddington and Margaret Leslie, 8th Countess of Rothes. In 1701, Hamilton-Leslie succeeded his mother as Earl of Rothes, the chief of Clan Leslie. His younger brother became Thomas Hamilton, 6th Earl of Haddington.
On 29 April 1697, Hamilton-Leslie married Lady Jean Hay, the daughter of John Hay, 2nd Marquess of Tweeddale. The couple had eight sons and four daughters.
In 1704, Hamilton-Leslie was appointed Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland. In 1707, after the passage of the Acts of Union by the English and Scottish Parliaments, Hamilton-Leslie was appointed as one of the 16 Scottish Representative peers to sit in the English House of Lords. Some Scottish opponents of the union accused Hamiliton-Leslie of betraying his people in exchange for favors from the English. He served as representative peer until 1722. In 1714, George I appointed Hamilton-Leslie as Vice Admiral of Scotland.
In the Jacobite rising of 1715, Hamilton-Leslie fought for George I in Scotland against the pretender James Francis Edward Stuart. In a skirmish at Kinross, Hamilton-Leslie led a troop of the Scots Greys that defeated the Jacobites and took Sir Thomas Bruce captive. At the Battle of Sheriffmuir, he led a group of volunteer fighters. Hamilton-Leslie raised a militia group in Fife that he led against the forces of Rob Roy MacGregor in Falkland, Fife. Hamilton-Leslie turned his own house into a garrison.
In 1716, after the defeat of the Jacobites, George I appointed Hamilton-Leslie as Governor of Stirling Castle to compensate him for his property losses during the insurgency. Hamilton-Leslie held this command until 1722. He was also named chamberlain of Fife and Strathearn.
|Vice Admiral of Scotland
|Peerage of Scotland|
Earl of Rothes
- Information derived from Concise Dictionary of National Biography, 1939. Other sources do not list role as the Keeper of the Privy Seal.
- Lee, Sidney, ed. (1893). "Leslie, John (1679-1722)". Dictionary of National Biography. 33. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
|This article about a Scottish politician is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This biography of a Scottish peer or noble is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|