John Dalrymple, 8th Earl of Stair

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General John Hamilton Dalrymple, 8th Earl of Stair KT (14 June 1771 – 10 January 1853), known as Sir John Dalrymple, 5th Baronet, between 1810 and 1840, was a British soldier and politician.

Background[edit]

Stair was the son of Sir John Dalrymple, 4th Baronet, and Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Hamilton-Makgill[1] and heiress and representative of the Viscounts of Oxfuird (or Oxenfoord).[2] In 1810 he succeeded in the baronetcy, and inherited Oxenfoord Castle, on the death of his father.

Military and political career[edit]

Stair was a General in the British Army.[3] In 1832 he was returned to Parliament for Midlothian, as seat he held until 1835.[4] He succeeded a distant relative as eighth Earl of Stair in 1840. As this was a Scottish peerage it did not entitle him to an automatic seat in the House of Lords. However, in 1841 he was created Baron Oxenfoord, of Cousland in the County of Edinburgh, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which gave him a seat in the upper chamber of parliament. The peerage was created with special remainder to his younger brother.[5][6] The choice of title was in honour of the title held by his mother's family, Viscount of Oxfuird of Oxenfoord. In 1847 he was further honoured when he was appointed a Knight of the Thistle.

Family[edit]

Lord Stair was twice married. He married firstly Harriet, daughter of Reverend Robert Augustus Johnson, in 1795. After her death in 1823 he married secondly the Hon. Adamina, daughter of Admiral Adam Duncan, 1st Viscount Duncan, in 1825. Both marriages were childless. Lord Stair died in January 1853, aged 81, and was succeeded in his titles (in the barony of Oxenfoord according to the special remainder) by his younger brother, North. The Countess of Stair died in August 1857.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ thepeerage.com
  2. ^ Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.[page needed],[page needed]
  3. ^ Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.[page needed],[page needed]
  4. ^ leighrayment.com
  5. ^ Kidd, Charles, Williamson, David (editors). Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage (1990 edition). New York: St Martin's Press, 1990.[page needed],[page needed]
  6. ^ london-gazette.co.uk
  7. ^ thepeerage.com

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Sir George Clerk, Bt
Member of Parliament for Midlothian
1832–1835
Succeeded by
Sir George Clerk, Bt
Military offices
Preceded by
John Ross
Colonel of the 46th (the South Devonshire) Regiment of Foot
1843–1853
Succeeded by
Richard Egerton
Baronetage of Nova Scotia
Preceded by
John Dalrymple
Baronet
(of Killock)
1810–1853
Succeeded by
North Hamilton Dalrymple
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
John William Henry Dalrymple
Earl of Stair
1840–1853
Succeeded by
North Hamilton Dalrymple
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Oxenfoord
1841–1853
Succeeded by
North Hamilton Dalrymple