John Harley (footballer)
Grave of John Harley at the Montevideo British Cemetery
|Date of birth||5 May 1886|
|Place of birth||Glasgow, Scotland|
|Date of death||15 May 1960(aged 74)|
|Place of death||Uruguay|
|1906–1908||Ferro Carril Oeste|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only.
Harley was born in Glasgow, Scotland in 1886. By 1906 he had become a railway engineer working in Springburn, near Glasgow. In that year he moved to South America to work on railways along the Río de la Plata. Initially he worked in Argentina where he worked for the Bahía Blanca and North Western Railway and the Buenos Aires Western Railway.
On arriving in Uruguay in 1909 Harley worked for the Central Uruguay Railway. He worked for the railway for 37 years until his retirement.
In Argentina Harley played for Ferro Carril Oeste before being recruited by Uruguayan club Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club (later Peñarol). Harley was spotted by C.U.R.C.C. when they played a friendly match against Ferro Carril Oeste in 1908.
Harley acted as a player/manager of the Uruguay national team from 1909 until at least 1910.
Harley's time with Peñarol as a player and manager is considered significant for the fact that he changed the Uruguayan style of football from a focus on long ball to a game that featured short passing. This style of play is considered to have contributed to Peñarol and Uruguay achieving significant success up to the 1920s.
Later life and death
In 1951 Harley was honoured with a match between Peñarol and Rampla Juniors at the Estadio Centenario. Over 40,000 spectators, including many former colleagues and members of successful Uruguayan teams, turned out to honour Harley's contribution to Uruguayan football.
- Leadbetter, Russell (5 May 2009). "Forgotten Scots who changed the world". Evening Times. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
- "John Harley "El Yoni"" (in Spanish). Carbonero.com. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
- Finn, Gerry P. T.; Giulianotti, Richard (2000). Football culture: local contests, global visions. Routledge. p. 141. ISBN 0-7146-5041-2.
- "Appearances for Uruguay National Team". RSSSF. Archived from the original on 16 January 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2009.
- "Official World Record (30.11.1872 - 31.12.1910) - World ranking of the national coaches". IFFHS. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
- Mason, Tony (1995). Passion of the people?: football in South America. Verso. p. 24. ISBN 0-86091-403-8.
- Aitken, Mike (22 March 2008). "Scots passing pioneers shaped football". The Scotsman. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
- "John Harley". gedboy.com. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
- "Torneo: América del Sud - Centenario". IFFHS. Retrieved 8 December 2009.
- Murray, Bill; Murray, William J. (1998). The world's game: a history of soccer. University of Illinois Press. p. 40. ISBN 0-252-06718-5.