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|Born||19 July 1929, 13 July 1929|
|Died||3 July 2000 (aged 70)|
New York City
|Occupation||Architect, sculptor, graphic artist, painter|
John Quentin Hejduk (19 July 1929 – 3 July 2000) was an American architect, artist and educator of Czech origin who spent much of his life in New York City, United States. Hejduk is noted for having had a profound interest in the fundamental issues of shape, organization, representation, and reciprocity.
Hejduk studied at the Cooper Union School of Art and Architecture, the University of Cincinnati, and the Harvard Graduate School of Design. He worked in several offices in New York including that of I. M. Pei and Partners and the office of A.M. Kinney and Associates. He established his own practice in New York City in 1965.
As a professor
Hejduk was Professor of Architecture at The Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art, School of Architecture from 1964 to 2000 and Dean of the School of Architecture from 1975 to 2000. His arrival including the cooperation of many other influential professors (including Raimund Abraham, Ricardo Scofidio, Peter Eisenman, Charles Gwathmey, Diana Agrest, Diane Lewis, Elizabeth Diller, David Shapiro, Don Wall and many others) transformed the practice and critical thought of architecture in ways that might be compared to Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe's transformation of the Armour Institute into the Illinois Institute of Technology.
His early work and curriculum grew from a set of exercises exploring cubes, grids, and frames, through an examination of square grids placed within diagonal containers set against an occasional curving wall, towards a series of experiments with flat planes and curved masses in various combinations and colors. To aid his research he was awarded a grant from the Graham Foundation in 1967. Eventually, John Hejduk's "hard-line" modernist space-making exercises, heavily influenced by Frank Lloyd Wright and Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, moved away from his interests in favor of free-hand "figure/objects" influenced by mythology and spirituality, clearly expressing the nature of his poetry. The relationship between Hejduk's shape/objects and their surroundings is a controversial subject, raising questions similar to those raised by the early houses of Peter Eisenman.
The architectural historian K. Michael Hays has described Hejduk's architecture as one of "Encounter", describing Hejduk's objects as seeming "impossibly, to be aware of us, to address us. And yet we see not the gratifying reflection of ourselves we had hoped for but another thing, looking back at us, watching us, placing us", articulating Hejduk's work from a post-modern Lacanian perspective as more "literary" than that of his peers.
Hejduk is associated with several schools, including the New York Five (with architects Peter Eisenman, Richard Meier, Michael Graves, and Charles Gwathmey) whose early works are described in Five Architects (1973), and the Texas Rangers, a group of innovative architects and professors at the Texas School of Architecture, Austin, whose other well-known participants include Colin Rowe and Werner Seligmann.
Contemporary theorists, researchers, and academics publishing work and research by and about John Hejduk include K. Michael Hays, Mark Linder, R.E. Somol, Anthony Vidler, Renata Hejduk, and Catherine Ingraham
- House For a Musician (1983)
- House of the Suicide and House of the Mother of the Suicide (Prague, monument installed 2016)
- Kreuzberg Tower and Wings (Berlin, Allemagne, 1988)
- Tegel Housing (Berlin, 1988)
- House of the Quadruplets / House for two Brothers (Berlin, Tegel, 1988)
- Gate House (Berlin, 1991) for the IBA 87
- La Máscara de la Medusa (Buenos Aires, 1998)
- Wall House II (Groningen, 2001)
Wall House II
design from the 1970s, built posthumously (Groningen, The Netherlands, 2001).
In Santiago de Compostela, Spain.
The Rolling House
In 2019, students of the Faculty of Architecture of the Czech Technical University in Prague led by Hana Seho built the object The Rolling House according to drawings by John Hejduk. The project was created in the studio during the Summer School of Building on the topic of minimal mobile building. The realization took place in October and November 2019. The building was unveiled on 11 November 2019 as a celebration of the 30th anniversary of the Velvet Revolution and as a gift to Alena Šrámková for her 90th birthday.
- Diamond Houses (1962)
- Identity Card Man (Victim Series, 1986)
- Cemetery for the Ashes of Thought (1975)
- Berlin Masque (1981)
- Cathedral (1996)
- Chapel, Wedding of the Sun and Moon (1998)
- Lines: No Fire Could Burn (1999)
- Education Of An Architect A Point Of View (1988, 1999)
- Pewter Wings Golden Horns Stone Veils: Wedding in a Dark Plum Room (1997)
- Adjusting Foundations (1995)
- Architectures In Love (1995)
- Security (1995)
- Berlin Night (1993)
- Soundings (1993)
- Aesop's Fables with Joseph Jacobs. Illustrations by John Hejduk. (1991)
- Práce (Practice) (1991)
- The Riga Project (1989)
- Vladivostok (1989)
- Bovisa (1987)
- Victims (1986)
- Mask of Medusa (1985)
- Fabrications (1974)
- Three Projects (1969)
- "John Hejduk". Great Buildings Collection. Retrieved 18 January 2009.
- Hays, K. Michael (2010). Architecture's Desire. 55 Hayward Street, Cambridge MA 02142: The MIT Press. pp. 90. ISBN 978-0-262-51302-9.CS1 maint: location (link)
- Goldberger, Paul (February 11, 1996). "Architecture View: A Little Book That Led Five Men to Fame". The New York Times. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
- Iovine, Julie V. (2000). Michael Graves. San Francisco: Chronicle Books. pp. 9–10. ISBN 0-8118-3251-1.
- Hays, K. Michael (April 1, 2003). Sanctuaries: The Last Works of John Hejduk. Whitney Museum. Harry N. Abrams. ISBN 978-0-8742-7129-4.
- Linder, Mark (February 4, 2005). Nothing Less than Literal: Architecture after Minimalism. The MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-2621-2266-5.
- Somol, Robert; Shubert, Howard (December 1997). "Exhibition: Other Soundings: selected works by John Hejduk 1954-1997: a review (in Japanese and English)". A+U: Architecture and Urbanism (327): 3–13.
- Vidler, Anthony (May 8, 1992). The Architectural Uncanny: Essays in the Modern Unhomely (First ed.). The MIT Press. ISBN 978-0-2622-2044-6.
- Renata Hejduk; et al., eds. (February 17, 2011). The Religious Imagination in Modern and Contemporary Architecture: A Reader. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-4157-8080-3.
- Hays, K. Michael; Hejduk, John (1996). "Errand, Detour, and the Wilderness Urbanism of John Hejduk". In Hays, K. Michael (ed.). Hejduk's Chronotope. With essays by Stan Allen, Peggy Deamer, K. Michael Hays, Catherine Ingraham, Detlef Mertins, Edward Mitchell, and Robert Somol (collection of essays ed.). Princeton Architectural Press. p. 129. ISBN 978-1-56898-078-2.
- Rottová, Kateřina (2019-11-15). "Studenti a pedagogové Fakulty architektury ČVUT v Praze dali Aleně Šrámkové k narozeninám dům na kolečkách". aktualne.cvut.cz. Czech Technical University in Prague. Retrieved 2019-11-17.
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