John Henderson (Mississippi politician)

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John Henderson
United States Senator
from Mississippi
In office
March 4, 1839 – March 4, 1845
Preceded byThomas H. Williams
Succeeded byJesse Speight
Member of the Mississippi Senate
In office
Personal details
Born(1797-02-28)February 28, 1797
Cumberland County, New Jersey
DiedSeptember 15, 1857(1857-09-15) (aged 60)
Pass Christian, Mississippi
Political partyWhig
ProfessionPolitician, Lawyer, Flatboatman
Military service
Service/branchMississippi Militia
RankBrigadier General

John Henderson (February 28, 1797 – September 15, 1857) was a lawyer and U.S. Senator from Mississippi.

Born in Cumberland County, New Jersey, Henderson worked as a flatboatman on the Mississippi River and studied law. He moved to Mississippi and was admitted to the bar, commencing practice in Woodville, Mississippi. He served as a brigadier general in the Mississippi Militia and was a member of the Mississippi Senate from 1835 to 1836. In 1838, Henderson was elected a Whig to the United States Senate, serving one full term, 1839 to 1845. There, he served as chairman of the Committee on Engrossed Bills in the 26th Congress, of the Post Office and Post Roads in the 27th Congress and of the Committee on Private Land Claims in the 27th Congress and 28th Congresses. Afterwards, Henderson resumed practicing law in New Orleans, Louisiana. In 1851, he was tried in the United States District Court in New Orleans for violation of the neutrality laws of 1817 for complicity in expeditions conducted by Venezuelan filibuster Narciso Lopez to liberate Cuba from Spanish rule, however was acquitted. He retired from public life and died in Pass Christian, Mississippi on September 15, 1857. He was interred in Live Oak Cemetery in Pass Christian.


  • United States Congress. "John Henderson (id: H000482)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.

External links[edit]

U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Thomas H. Williams
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Mississippi
March 4, 1839 – March 4, 1845
Served alongside: Robert J. Walker
Succeeded by
Jesse Speight