John Henry (horse)
John Henry (March 9, 1975 – October 8, 2007) was an American champion Thoroughbred racehorse. He was sired by Ole Bob Bowers (by Prince Blessed )out of Once Double (by Double Jay). John Henry had 39 wins with $6,591,860 in earnings, was twice voted the Eclipse Award for Horse of the Year, and was listed as #23 on Blood Horse magazine's Top 100 U.S. Racehorses of the 20th Century.
The horse was named after the folk hero John Henry. As a colt, John Henry had a habit of tearing steel water and feed buckets off stall walls and stomping them flat. This reminded his owners of the legendary John Henry, who was known as a "steel-drivin' man". He was gelded both for his temperament as well as his lack of good breeding, which meant that he would have been unlikely to be in much demand as a breeding stallion. John Henry was a Golden Chance Farm foal. His sire, Ole Bob Bowers, was sired by Prince Blessed and his dam, Once Double, was sired by Double Jay, a graded stakes race winner.
John Henry was back at the knee (a flaw in conformation that generally makes a long racing career unlikely), undersized, and plainly bred. He was sold as a yearling for $1,100 at the Keeneland January Mixed sale to John Callaway who is credited with giving John Henry his name.
John Henry had a series of trainers, and earned money in minor stakes, allowance races, and mid-level claiming races. In 1978, New York City businessman Sam Rubin and his wife Dorothy paid $25,000 sight-unseen for the three-year-old John Henry. Racing under the Rubins' Dotsam Stable banner, he was first conditioned by trainer Robert Donato. Under him, John Henry won 6 of 19 starts and $120,000, starting the year as a cheap claimer and finishing it as a stakes winner.
In 1979, John Henry was given to a new trainer, Lefty Nickerson. Under him, John Henry won 4 of 11 races in 1979. When the grass season was over in New York, Rubin decided to send the horse to California under trainer Ron McAnally. Under McAnally, John Henry won six stakes races in a row.
Racing through the age of nine, John Henry won the 1981 Santa Anita Handicap and repeated in 1982 after Perrault was disqualified. He is one of only three horses with back-to-back victories in the race's 72-year history. He also won the Arlington Million Stakes twice and won three renewals of both the Hollywood Invitational Handicap and the Oak Tree Invitational Stakes, two Grade I turf stakes in Southern California. He won one of America's most important races for older horses, the 1981 Jockey Club Gold Cup at Belmont Park, at 1½ miles on the dirt. This victory clinched his first Horse of the Year title.
A bronze statue called Against All Odds, created by Edwin Bogucki, stands on a balcony overlooking the paddock at Arlington Park. It commemorates one of John Henry's most famous finishes; in 1981, at the inaugural Arlington Million, John Henry won over 5-year-old The Bart in a photo finish.
John Henry's last race was the 1984 Ballantine Scotch Classic at the Meadowlands. As he took the lead in the stretch, Meadowlands track announcer Dave Johnson exclaimed, "And down the stretch they come! The old man, John Henry, takes command!" He pulled away to his 39th career victory and his second Horse of the Year title. The final time of 2:13 equaled the track record for 1⅜ mile.
John Henry was a late entry into the Inaugural Breeders Cup in 1984 but a strained ligament in his left foreleg caused him to be withdrawn from the race and retired.
John Henry's final race record stood at 83 starts, 39 wins, 15 seconds, and 9 thirds with $6,591,860 in earnings. He was twice voted the Eclipse Award for Horse of the Year in 1981 and 1984; 1981 being the first unanimous election of the winner. That feat was not repeated until 2015 when Triple Crown winner American Pharoah was also elected unanimously.
After retirement, Rubin sent John Henry to the Hall of Champions at Kentucky Horse Park in Lexington. Several tracks in California had sought to host John Henry in retirement, and his arrival was the beginning of a history of retired champions at the park including Cigar, Da Hoss and Funny Cide.
Regular rider Chris McCarron often described John Henry as very smart, commenting: "I'm just along for the ride." John Henry, in the view of many followers of thoroughbred racing, was one of the best come-from-behind horses (or "closers") in recent history. In The Blood-Horse ranking of the top 100 U.S. thoroughbred champions of the 20th Century, he was ranked #23. John Henry was inducted into the National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in Saratoga Springs, New York in 1990.
John Henry was euthanized at 7:05 pm EDT (2305 UTC) on October 8, 2007, at the age of 32. He developed serious kidney problems and stopped responding to veterinary treatment, so the decision was made to put him down. He was buried on the night of his death in front of the Hall of Champions at a spot in front of his paddock. A memorial service was held at the park on October 19.
John Henry's accomplishments
- Oldest horse to win Eclipse Award for Horse of the Year - at age 9
- Oldest horse to win a Grade 1 race - at age 9 (tied)
- Only horse to win the Arlington Million (G1) twice - 1981 & 1984
- One of only three horses to win the Santa Anita Handicap (G1) twice - 1981 & 1982
- Won more graded stakes than any other Thoroughbred - 25
- Retired as the world's richest thoroughbred - July 28, 1985
- Inducted into National Museum of Racing and Hall of Fame in 1990
- Raced in 46 graded (G1, G2, G3) races
- Raced on 18 different North American race tracks
- Won inaugural running of the Arlington Million (1981)
- Oldest horse at age 9 to win the Arlington Million (1984)
- Won on 13 different North American Race Tracks
Ole Bob Bowers
|Dog Blessed||Bull Dog|
|Bull Lea||Bull Dog|
|Blue Grass||Blue Larkspur|
- Through his sire, John Henry was inbred 4 × 4 to Bull Dog, meaning that this stallion appears twice in the fourth generation of his pedigree.
- "John Henry pedigree". equineline.com. 2012-05-08. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- "American Pharoah is Unanimous 2015 Horse of the Year". NTRA. January 16, 2016. Retrieved January 18, 2016.
- Wall, Maryjean (2007-10-08). "The champion is now the legend". Lexington Herald-Leader. Archived from the original on 2007-10-14. Retrieved 2007-10-10.
- John Henry Memorial Fund
- "Memorial service set for John Henry". Lexington Herald-Leader. 2007-10-09. Archived from the original on 2007-10-12. Retrieved 2007-10-10.
- "Thoroughbred Bloodlines - Woodbine - Family 8-c". Bloodlines.net. Retrieved 2014-01-05.
- "Retirement Home" UPI August 2, 1985
- "John Henry, at 11, is returning to races" New York Times May 1, 1986
- "No Comeback" New York Times August 13, 1986
- John Henry's page in the United States' Hall of Fame, with photo and videos
- 2005 Bloodhorse.com article Fans Celebrate John Henry's 30th Birthday
- Haskin, Steve. John Henry Eclipse Press (2001) ISBN 978-1-58150-150-6
- John Henry at the Kentucky Horse Park