John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol
John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol (27 August 1665 – 20 January 1751) was an English politician.
John Hervey was born in Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk, the son of Sir Thomas Hervey, knight. He was educated in Bury and at Clare College, Cambridge. He became one of the two Members of Parliament for the town five years after his father in March 1694.
In March 1703 he was created 1st Baron Hervey, of Ickworth in the county of Suffolk, and in October 1714 was created 1st Earl of Bristol as a reward for his zeal in promoting the principles of the revolution and supporting the Hanoverian succession (see Glorious Revolution).
Marriages and issue
Lord Bristol married twice:
- to Isabella (died 1693), daughter of Sir Robert Carr, 3rd Baronet, of Sleaford, Lincolnshire
- to Elizabeth (died 1741), daughter and co-heir of local Suffolk dignitary Sir Thomas Felton, 4th Baronet and his noble wife styled from birth Lady Elizabeth, daughter and co-heir of James Howard, 3rd Earl of Suffolk.
By his marriage to Isabella he had three children:
- Hon. Isabella Hervey (died November 1711), unmarried
- Hon. Carr Hervey, Lord Hervey (1691–1723), who was educated at Clare College, Cambridge and was an MP for the same seat as his father and grandfather from 1713 to 1722. He died unmarried on 14 November 1723. It has been suggested[by whom?] that he was the father of Horace Walpole.
- Hon. Catherine Hervey (b. 1693), died young
By his marriage to Lady Elizabeth he had seventeen children:
- Lady Elizabeth Hervey (1698–1727), married Hon. Bussy Mansel, without issue
- John Hervey, 2nd Baron Hervey (1696–1743), was a politician, court wit and pamphleteer. On the death of his half-brother Carr in 1723 he took the courtesy title of Lord Hervey and gained some renown both as a writer and in politics. In 1733, he was summoned to the House of Lords through a writ of acceleration in his father's junior title of Baron Hervey. He also predeceased his father.
- Hon. Thomas Hervey (20 January 1699 – 16 January 1775), was one of the members for Bury from 1733 to 1747; held various offices at court; and eloped with Elizabeth, wife of Sir Thomas Hanmer, 4th Baronet. He had very poor health, and his reckless life frequently brought him into pecuniary and other difficulties. He wrote numerous pamphlets, and when he died Dr. Johnson said of him, "Tom Hervey, though a vicious man [ie a man of vice], was one of the genteelest men who ever lived".
- Capt. Hon. William Hervey, RN (25 December 1699 – January 1776), married Elizabeth Ridge and had issue
- Rev. Hon. Henry Hervey (5 January 1701 – 16 November 1748); married Catherine Aston, assumed her surname, and had issue
- Rev. Hon. Charles Hervey (5 April 1703 – 21 March 1783), prebendary of Ely
- Hon. Henrietta Hervey (5 April 1703 – April 1712)
- A stillborn son, 6 July 1704
- Hon. James Porter Hervey (24 June 1706 – August 1706)
- Lady Anne Hervey (c. 1707 – 15 July 1771)
- Lady Barbara Hervey (c. 1707 – 25 July 1727)
- Hon. Humphrey Hervey (b. 3 June 1708), died young
- Hon. Felton Hervey (3 July 1710 – 16 July 1710)
- Hon. Felton Hervey (1712–1773), was also Member of Parliament for the family borough of Bury St Edmunds. He appears in the foreground of Zoffany's "The Tribuna of the Uffizi." Having assumed the additional name of Bathurst, Felton's grandson, Felton Elwell Hervey-Bathurst (1782–1819), was created a baronet in 1818, and on his death a year later the title descended to his brother, Frederick Anne Hervey-Bathurst (1783–1824).
- Hon. James Hervey (5 March 1713 – May 1714)
- Lady Louisa Carolina Isabella Hervey (1715 – 11 May 1770), married Sir Robert Smyth, 2nd Baronet and had issue
- Lady Henrietta Hervey (25 September 1716 – July 1732)
When John Hervey, 1st Earl of Bristol, died in January 1751, the earldom of Bristol and the barony of Hervey, along with the estates of Ickworth House, passed to his grandson George, the eldest son of John, Lord Hervey.
- "Hervey, John (HRVY683J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Venn, John; Venn, J. A. Alumni Cantabrigienses: A Biographical List of All Known Students, Graduates and Holders of Office at the University of Cambridge, from the Earliest Times to 1900, Volume 1, part 2: Dabbs-Juxton. , Digital edition, 2011. Cambridge University Press. p. 325. ISBN 9781108036085.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bristol, Earls and Marquesses of". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
|Parliament of England|
Sir Robert Davers, Bt
|Member of Parliament for Bury St Edmunds
With: Sir Robert Davers, Bt 1694–1701
Sir Thomas Felton 1701–03
Sir Robert Davers, Bt
Sir Thomas Felton
|Peerage of England|
|New creation||Earl of Bristol
(descended by acceleration)