John E. Hines
|The Most Reverend
John E. Hines
|22nd Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church|
|Predecessor||Arthur C. Lichtenberger|
|Consecration||18 October 1945
by Henry St. George Tucker
October 10, 1910|
Seneca, South Carolina, United States
|Died||July 19, 1997
Austin, Texas, United States
|Previous post||Bishop of Texas (1955-1965)|
John Elbridge Hines (October 3, 1910 – July 19, 1997) was a bishop in the Episcopal Church in the United States. When he was elected the 22nd Presiding Bishop in 1965, at the age of 54, he was the youngest person to hold that office, which he held until 1974. Desmond Tutu, Archbishop of Cape Town, said Hines' movement to divest church-held assets in that nation played an important role in the demise of apartheid.
His ministry began at parishes in Hannibal, Missouri in the Great Depression, where he became acquainted with the Social Gospel movement through bishop William Scarlett of Missouri. At age 26, Hines moved to Augusta and began attacking racism in Georgia and as well as continued his lifelong defense of those who lacked political, social, economic and educational opportunities. Hines then accepted a call to become rector of Christ Church in Houston, Texas from 1941–45, which was later raised to the status of cathedral.
Hines was consecrated as bishop coadjutor of the Episcopal Diocese of Texas on October 18, 1945, and in 1955 became diocesan bishop. While his social activism was criticized in some quarters, the number of churches grew under his stewardship. He became known as a theological conservative and social liberal, and was elected Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church in 1965. Hines responded to the riots following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. by calling for social justice and self-determination, and launched the controversial General Convention Special Program.
Death and legacy
During nearly two decades of retirement in North Carolina, Hines preached most summers at the Church of the Good Shepherd in Cashiers, North Carolina, where he was ultimately buried next to his wife, Helen Orwig, who died the previous year. They had four sons and a daughter, who survived their parents. Hines died at Heartland Medical Center in Austin, Texas.
- Saxon, Wolfgang (1997-07-22). "John E. Hines, Episcopal Leader, Dies at 86". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-09-17.
- "A Brief History of the Episcopal Diocese of Texas". Episcopal Diocese of Texas. Retrieved 2010-09-17.[dead link]
- "Christ Church Cathedral History". Retrieved 2010-09-17.
- "Christ Church Cathedral Music History". Retrieved 2010-09-17.
Arthur C. Lichtenberger
|22nd Presiding Bishop
January 1, 1965 – May 31, 1974
John Maury Allin
Clinton Simon Quin
|4th Bishop of Texas
James Milton Richardson
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