|United States Senator|
from North Dakota
|Assumed office |
January 3, 2011
Serving with Kevin Cramer
|Preceded by||Byron Dorgan|
|Chair of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee|
January 3, 2017 – February 3, 2021
|Preceded by||John Barrasso|
|Succeeded by||Brian Schatz|
|31st Governor of North Dakota|
December 15, 2000 – December 7, 2010
|Preceded by||Ed Schafer|
|Succeeded by||Jack Dalrymple|
|12th President of the Bank of North Dakota|
|Preceded by||Joseph Lamb|
|Succeeded by||Eric Hardmeyer|
John Henry Hoeven III
March 13, 1957
Bismarck, North Dakota, U.S.
|Political party||Republican (1998–present)|
|Independent (before 1996)|
|Education||Dartmouth College (BA)|
Northwestern University (MBA)
John Henry Hoeven III (// HOH-vən; born March 13, 1957) is an American banker and politician serving as the senior U.S. senator from North Dakota since 2011. A Republican, he served as the 31st governor of North Dakota from 2000 to 2010. In 2010, Hoeven was elected to the U.S. Senate, succeeding Senator Byron Dorgan, who chose not to seek reelection. Hoeven became North Dakota's senior senator in 2013 after Kent Conrad retired and was succeeded by Heidi Heitkamp, who was once Hoeven's opponent for the governor's office.
Before being elected governor, Hoeven was a banker who served in numerous executive roles at various banks, most notably as president of the nation's only state-owned bank, the Bank of North Dakota, from 1993 to 2000. He is on the board of directors at First Western Bank & Trust and has an estimated net worth of $45 million, making him one of the wealthiest U.S. senators. He is the dean of North Dakota's congressional delegation.
Early life, education, and early career
Hoeven was born in Bismarck, North Dakota, the son of Patricia "Trish" (née Chapman) and John Henry "Jack" Hoeven, Jr. His father owned a bank in Minot, North Dakota, where he worked as the president and chairman. Hoeven's ancestry is Dutch, Swedish, and English.
Hoeven studied at Dartmouth College, which his father also attended. Hoeven belonged to the Alpha Chi Alpha fraternity and graduated with honors with a BA in 1979. While there, he played on the men's golf team.
From 1986 to 1993, Hoeven was executive vice president of First Western Bank & Trust, an institution his father bought in 1970. At one time, he owned 39% of the bank’s parent company, Westbrand, Inc. From 1993 to 2000, he was the president and CEO of the Bank of North Dakota, under governor Ed Schafer.
Governor of North Dakota
Hoeven was reelected over Democratic-NPL nominee Joe Satrom with 71% of the vote.
On November 13, 2007, Hoeven announced his candidacy for a third term and kicked off his campaign with stops in Fargo, Grand Forks, Bismarck and Minot. He was reelected with 74% of the vote over Democratic-NPL nominee Tim Mathern. It was the first time in North Dakota history that a governor won three four-year terms in office, though the record for serving is still maintained by Bill Guy, who served 12 years.
Hoeven's governorship included the expansion and diversification of the state's economy, which led to a 49.5% increase in the state's real gross domestic product. Beginning in 2000, he directed the development of a multi-resource energy program for the state with incentives in each energy sector, making North Dakota one of the country's largest energy-producing and exporting states. The state gained nearly 40,000 new jobs during his tenure. Wages and personal incomes grew faster than the national average. For a few years, the state led the nation in export growth. In late 2006, the state's reserve rose past $600 million, and it is now over $700 million.
In December 2009, Hoeven was the country's most popular governor. His approval rating stood at 87% with only 10% disapproving. In January 2007, Hoeven became the nation's most senior governor, having been inaugurated on December 15, 2000, as established by the North Dakota Constitution.
On January 11, 2010, Hoeven announced he would run in the 2010 North Dakota Senate election for the seat being vacated by Byron Dorgan. Hoeven defeated Democratic-NPL nominee Tracy Potter, 76% to 22%, making him the first Republican to represent North Dakota in the Senate since 1987.
Hoeven was reelected in 2016.
Hoeven is running for reelection in 2022.
Since 2013, Hoeven has been the dean of North Dakota's congressional delegation. As of 2018, he was listed as one of the seven wealthiest U.S. senators.
For his tenure as the chair of the Senate Indian Affairs Committee in the 116th Congress, Hoeven earned an F grade from the nonpartisan Lugar Center's Congressional Oversight Hearing Index.
- Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry
- Committee on Appropriations
- Subcommittee on Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Homeland Security (chair)
- Subcommittee on Energy and Water Development
- Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
- Subcommittee on Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies
- Committee on Energy and Natural Resources
- Committee on Indian Affairs (chair)
Hoeven was briefly a member of the Democratic-NPL Party before becoming active in the Republican Party as a district chair and volunteer. He has walked a conservative line on some issues and a moderate one on others, including increasing education funding, ethics reform, compensation for teachers, as well as increased funding on infrastructure. On August 10, 2021, Hoeven was one of 19 Senate Republicans to vote with the Democratic caucus in favor of the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act.
Economy and employment
Energy and environment
Hoeven believes that alternative fuels are a long-term solution but that increased oil drilling is required in the short term. He has been a vocal advocate for the Keystone Pipeline, falsely asserting that it has never leaked and claiming that environmental risks have been exaggerated. The Keystone Pipeline has in fact leaked twice, in 2010 and in 2016.
In 2015, Hoeven submitted an amendment asserting that climate change is real and that humans are contributing to it but also that the Keystone Pipeline would not contribute to climate change. His League of Conservation Voters score for 2018 was 7%.
Hoeven consistently votes for pro-gun legislation and has earned an A+ rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA). The NRA has endorsed him repeatedly, including during his campaigns for governor in 2008 and senator in 2010.
In June 2016, Hoeven voted on four gun control proposals that were developed as a result of the Orlando nightclub shooting. He voted for Chuck Grassley's expansion of background checks and provision of funding to research the cause of mass shootings, and for John Cornyn's 72-hour wait period for purchases of guns by people on the terrorist watchlist. He voted against Chris Murphy's proposal to require background checks for every gun sale, including online sales and at gun shows, and against Dianne Feinstein's proposal to ban anyone on the terrorist watchlist from buying a gun. Hoeven voted against the latter bill due to its lack of "judicial oversight or due process".
Hoeven identifies as pro-life, opposing abortion in all cases except for rape, incest, or threat to the mother's life. He opposes government funding for elective abortions and supports the Hyde Amendment, which permits federal funding for abortion services only under the above stated exceptions. Hoeven voted to reauthorize the Violence Against Women Act in 2012.
Israel Anti-Boycott Act
In 2013, Hoeven voted for the Border Security, Economic Opportunity, and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013.
Hoeven supports investment tax credits for farm investments.
|Republican||John Hoeven (Incumbent)||220,803||71.26%||+16.23%|
|Republican||John Hoeven (Incumbent)||235,009||74.44%||+3.19%|
|Republican gain from Democratic–NPL||Swing|
|Republican||John Hoeven (Incumbent)||103,677||99.57%|
|Republican||John Hoeven (Incumbent)||268,788||78.48%||+2.40%|
|Republican||John Hoeven (Incumbent)||59,529||77.8%|
- "Biography | U.S. Senator John Hoeven of North Dakota". www.hoeven.senate.gov. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
- "Our People". First Western Bank & Trust. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
- Jr., Warren Cassell (2016-04-15). "Who Are America's Seven Richest Senators?". Investopedia. Retrieved 2018-09-20.
- "John Hoeven- Net Worth – Personal Finances". OpenSecrets. Retrieved 2018-09-20.
- News, Jill Schramm Minot Daily. "Jack Hoeven, father of U.S. Sen. John Hoeven, dies". Bismarck Tribune. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
|last=has generic name (help)
- "John Henry Hoeven III". RootsWeb. Ancestry.com. Archived from the original on September 3, 2013. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
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- "John H. Hoeven". Government of North Dakota. Retrieved 2021-10-08.
- Davis, Walker (August 20, 2021). "Sen. Hoeven championed a lending program. He owns a bank that benefits". CREW | Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington. Retrieved 2021-10-08.
- http://hoevengovernor.com/allmedia.asp?mediaID=65&sz=63728[dead link]
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- Cillizza, Chris (January 11, 2010). "Republicans get Hoeven in North Dakota". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
- Ogden, Eloise (November 3, 2010). "Hoeven is North Dakota's first Republican senator in 24 years". Minot Daily News. Archived from the original on November 7, 2010. Retrieved May 23, 2015.
- Cassell, Warren (January 30, 2018). "Who Are America's Seven Richest Senators?". investopedia. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
- "Congressional Oversight Hearing Index". Welcome to the Congressional Oversight Hearing Index. The Lugar Center.
- Kleefeld, Eric (January 27, 2010). "Flashback: Republican Senate Candidate Hoeven Rejected GOP And Declared Himself A Democrat In 1996". Talking Points Memo. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
- Bendery, Jennifer (April 26, 2012). "Violence Against Women Act Reauthorization Overwhelmingly Passes Senate". Huffington Post.
- Farrington, Dana (2021-08-10). "Here Are The Republicans Who Voted For The Infrastructure Bill In The Senate". NPR. Retrieved 2021-11-06.
- "John Hoeven on the Issues". On The Issues. OnTheIssues.org & the SpeakOut Foundation. Retrieved February 5, 2012.
- Kupec, Rob (March 5, 2012). "Senator Hoeven working to revive Keystone Pipeline Project". WDAY. Archived from the original on September 15, 2012.
- Hoeven, John (February 24, 2012). "Why we need the Keystone oil pipeline". CNN.
- Neuhauser, Alan (April 8, 2016). "Keystone Leak Worse Than Thought". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
- Kollipara, Puneet (January 21, 2015). "Wrap-up: U.S. Senate agrees climate change is real—but not necessarily that humans are causing it". Science. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Retrieved 2019-06-16.
- "Check out Senator John Hoeven's Environmental Voting Record". League of Conservation Voters Scorecard. 2019-03-26. Retrieved 2019-06-16.
- "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
- "NRA-PVF Endorses North Dakota Governor John Hoeven Earns "A+" rating from NRA-PVF". NRA-PVF. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
- "NRA-PVF Endorses John Hoeven for U.S. Senate in North Dakota". NRA-PVF. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
- Abbott, Rick. "How they voted: North Dakota, Minnesota senators on gun bill". Bismarck Tribune. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
- Rupard, Wade. "North Dakota, Minnesota senators take different stances on federal..." Grand Forks Herald. Retrieved 7 October 2017.
- "Cosponsors - S.720 - 115th Congress (2017-2018): Israel Anti-Boycott Act". www.congress.gov. 23 March 2017.
- Levitz, Eric (2017-07-19). "43 Senators Want to Make It a Federal Crime to Boycott Israeli Settlements". Intelligencer.
- Roll call vote 168, via Senate.gov
- Liebelson, Dana. "Meet the 32 Senate Republicans who voted to continue LGBT discrimination in the workplace".
- Smith, Nick. "N.D. delegation split on gay marriage". Bismarck Tribune. Retrieved 2018-10-23.
- "Which senators supported a Jan. 6 Capitol riot commission". Washington Post. May 28, 2021.
- "ND Secretary of State Election Management System – Statewide Election Results". web.apps.state.nd.us. Archived from the original on 27 September 2011. Retrieved 22 August 2016.
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- "North Dakota Secretary of State". ND Secretary of State. Retrieved July 3, 2022.
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart