John Holland Rose

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Professor John Holland Rose
John Holland Rose.jpg
Born 28 June 1855
Bedford, England
Died 3 March 1942 (1942-03-04) (aged 86)
Nationality British
Education Bedford Modern School
Alma mater Owen’s College, Manchester
Christ's College, Cambridge

John Holland Rose (28 June 1855 in Bedford – 3 March 1942)[1] was an influential English historian who wrote a famous biography of French emperor Napoleon Bonaparte, and also wrote a history of Europe, entitled The Development of the European Nations among other historical works.[2] He was Vere Harmsworth Professor of Naval History at the University of Cambridge between 1919 and his retirement in 1934.[3]


Rose was born in Bedford in 1855.[3] He was educated at Bedford Modern School where he was an exhibitioner,[3] at Owen’s College, Manchester and at Christ's College, Cambridge.[4]

In 1911-1919 Rose was a reader in modern history at the University of Cambridge.[3] He was the first Vere Harmsworth Professor of Naval History at the University of Cambridge between 1919 and his retirement in 1933.[3] He was an honorary member of the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences.[5]

Rose was the basis for C. P. Snow's fictional character M. H. L. Gay (see "Years of Hope: Cambridge, Colonial Administrator in the South Seas, and Cricket" by Philip Snow).

Family life[edit]

In 1880 Rose married Laura K. Haddon; they had one son and two daughters.[3]\

He died on 3 March 1942.[3]

Selected works[edit]

  • A Century of Continental History, 1780-1880 (London: E. Stanford, 1891; 2nd ed. 1906) read online
  • The Revolutionary and Napoleonic Era, 1789-1815 (Cambridge University Press, 1894, 1904, 1919, 1925) read online
  • The Rise of Democracy (London: Blackie and Son, 1897, 1904, 1912) read online
  • The Rise and Growth of Democracy in Great Britain (Chicago: Stone, 1898) read online
  • The Life of Napoleon I (2 vols.) (1902; 11th ed. 1935) read online
  • The French Revolution: A History, by Thomas Carlyle (ed.) (London: G. Bell, 1902) read online
  • Napoleonic Studies (London: G. Bell, 1904, 1914) read online
  • Select Despatches from the British Foreign Office Archives, Relating to the Formation of the Third Coalition Against France, 1804-1805 (London: Royal Historical Society, 1904) read online
  • The Development of the European Nations (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1905; 5th ed. 1915) read online
  • Dumouriez and the Defence of England Against Napoleon (with Alexander Meyrick Broadley) (London: J. Lane, 1908) read online
  • A History of Malta During the Period of the French and British Occupations, 1798-1815 (by William Hardman) (ed. John Holland Rose) (London: Longman, Green and Company, 1909) read online
  • William Pitt and National Revival (London: G. Bell and Sons, 1911) read online
  • William Pitt and the Great War (London: G. Bell and Sons, 1911) read online
  • The Personality of Napoleon: The Lowell Lectures for 1912 (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1912, 1930) read online
  • Pitt and Napoleon: Essays and Letters (London: C. Belland Sons, Ltd., 1912) read online
  • How the War Came About. London: The Patriotic Publishing Co., 1914
  • The Origins of War: Lectures Delivered in the Michaelmas Term, 1914 (Cambridge University Press, 1914) read online
  • The Origins of the War, 1871-1914 (New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1915) read online
  • Germany in the Nineteenth Century: Five Lectures by J. H. Rose, C. H. Herford, E. C. K. Gonner, and M. E. Sadler, with an introductory note by Viscount Haldane, ed. C.H. Herford (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1915) read online
  • Nationality as a Factor in Modern History (London: Rivingtons, 1916) read online
  • Nationality in Modern History (New York: Macmillan and Company, 1916) read online
  • Why We Carry On (London: T.F. Unwin, 1918) read online
  • Naval History and National History: The Inaugural Lecture Delivered to the University of Cambridge on Trafalgar Day, 1919 (Cambridge University Press, 1919) read online
  • Lord Hood and the Defence of Toulon (University of Cambridge Press, 1922) read online
  • The Indecisiveness of Modern War, and Other Essays (Kennikat Press, 1927) read online
  • Contributor to The Thinkers of the Revolutionary Era (1930)[5]
  • The Mediterranean in the Ancient World (Cambridge University Press, 1933) read online
  • Man and the Sea: Stages in Maritime and Human Progress (W. Hoffer and Sons, 1935) read online
  • Co-editor of and contributor to The Cambridge History of the British Empire[5]
  • Chapters in The Cambridge Modern History (vols. viii and ix), and The Cambridge History of British Foreign Policy;; (vol. i) [5]
  • Articles in English Historical Review, Edinburgh, Nineteenth Century and After, Contemporary Review, Cambridge Historical Journal, et al.[5]


  1. ^ "Cambridge history of the British Empire / General editors: J. Holland Rose, A.P. Newton (and) E.A. Benians. - Version details - Trove". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  2. ^ "Rose, J. Holland 1855-1942 (John Holland) [WorldCat Identities]". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Rose, John Holland (1855-1942), historian". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  4. ^ Who's Who, 1935, Published by A&C Black Limited, 1935
  5. ^ a b c d e "Who's Who". Retrieved 10 July 2015. 

External links[edit]