John How

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For the British bishop, see John How (bishop).
John How
14th Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri
In office
1844–1846
Preceded by Luther Martin Kennett
Succeeded by Washington King
In office
1856–1857
Preceded by Washington King
Succeeded by John Wimer
Personal details
Born 1813
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Died January 3, 1885
San Francisco
Political party Democratic

John How (1813 – January 3, 1885) was the 14th mayor of St. Louis, Missouri, USA, serving from 1853 to 1855 and again from 1856 to 1857.[1]

Early life[edit]

How was born in Pennsylvania, but later moved to St. Louis and became a successful merchant.[1]

Political career[edit]

In 1853, How defeated Charles P. Chouteau in the St. Louis mayoral election. He served two, one-year terms and then left office for one year. He was re-elected in 1856 when he defeated John B. Carson of the Know-Nothing Party.[1]

During How's three terms, he moved a Workhouse from a temporary site near the City Hospital to a permanent location at Broadway and Meramec. He established a House of Refuge and Correction for juvenile offenders, set aside land for Marquette Park, and provided the park with a board of managers on which the mayor and two members from each house of City Council would serve. How set aside land for other city parks, including 14.5 aces for Hyde Park. He also purchased the land for the Central Public Library from James H. Lucas. Under How's leadership, the city invested in railroads and had interest in all four major lines. How also created a building inspection office in 1855, requiring building permits under the office of Inspector of Buildings and Fires.[1]

Personal life[edit]

He married and had two sons, James F. How, who married a daughter of James Eads, who built Eads Bridge. How moved west in 1869 to begin a mining business. He was an Indian agent at Elko, Nevada for four years and lived in San Francisco, California for the last years of his life. He died there on January 3, 1885. How is buried at Bellefontaine Cemetery in St. Louis, Missouri.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e City of St. Louis Planning and Urban Design Agency and the City of St. Louis Community Information Network. "Mound City on the Mississippi: A St. Louis History". Mound City on the Mississippi: A St. Louis History. Retrieved February 15, 2016. 

External links[edit]

  • John How at the St. Louis Public Library: St. Louis Mayors website.
Political offices
Preceded by
Luther Martin Kennett
Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri
1853–1855
Succeeded by
Washington King
Preceded by
Washington King
Mayor of St. Louis, Missouri
1856–1857
Succeeded by
John Wimer