John II, Count of Rietberg

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
John II of Rietberg
Noble family Werl-Arnsberg-Cuyk
Father Otto III, Count of Rietberg
Mother Onna Esens
Born after 1523
Died 11 December 1562(1562-12-11)
Cologne
Buried Cologne

Count John II "the Mad" of Rietberg (born: after 1523 – died: 11 December 1562 in Cologne), called "the Great," was the son of Count Otto III of Rietberg and his second wife, Onna Esens.

After his uncle Balthasar Oomkens von Esens died in 1540 without a male heir, John and his mother inherited the East Frisian Lordship of Harlingerland and John assumed the title of Lord of Esens, Stedesdorf and Wittmund.

When his father died in 1535, John had to share the County of Rietberg with his older half-brother Otto IV. After Otto IV died childless in 1553, John II ruled Rietberg alone.

In 1556, John illegally beheaded one of his own his officials in Rietberg and schemed against the victim's relatives. The relatives fled to the neighbouring County of Lippe. From there, they and a few faithful raided Rietberg. John then moved his mercenaries from Esens to Rietberg and attacked Count Bernhard VIII of Lippe. The army of Lippe responded by laying siege to the town of Rietberg. The Bishopric of Paderborn joined the attack on Rietberg. Lippe, Paderborn and East Frisia also sued each other in the court of the Lower Rhenish-Westphalian Circle. The Court found John guilty of a breach of the peace.

John refused to give in. Imperial troops joined the siege of Rietberg and in June 1557, the city was starved and had to capitulate. John was taken prisoner. Initially, he was held at the Imperial castle at Büderich (near Wesel); in 1560, he was transferred to Cologne, where he died in captivity in 1562 and was buried.

His pugnacity and power struggles earned him he nickname "John the Mad".

Marriage and issue[edit]

Armgard and Walburgis of Rietberg, detail of a family portrait by Hermann tom Ring

John married Countess Agnes of Bentheim-Steinfurt. They had two daughters:

John II was thus the last male ruler of Rietberg from the Werl-Arnsberg-Cuyk family. After his death, his widow acted as regent for his daughters until 1557, when the inheritance was divided: Armgard received Rietberg and Walburgis received the Harlingerland.

External links[edit]

John II, Count of Rietberg
Werl-Arnsberg-Cuyk
Born: c. 1557 Died: 26 May 1587
Preceded by
Otto IV
Count of Rietberg
1552–1562
Succeeded by
Armgard