John Isaac Briquet
He received his education in natural sciences at Geneva and Berlin, and studied botany with Simon Schwendener, Adolf Engler, Marc Thury, Johannes Müller Argoviensis, and Alphonse de Candolle. In 1896 he became a curator at the Conservatoire Botanique, later serving as its director (1906–1931). From 1912 to 1921, he was president of the Swiss Botanical Society.
Besides his floristic work, he had a particular interest in the genus Galeopsis, and family Lamiaceae (Labiatae). He is especially remembered for his contributions to the "Rules of Nomenclature", the precursors of the modern International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants, with which he took a leading role from 1900, at a time when four sets of rules were competing for acceptance:
... for more than 30 years [he] was to take de Candolle's place as the leader in nomenclatural matters and ... by his clear-headedness, good nature, and judicial attitude was to contribute much to the solution of their problems.
- Flore des Alpes Maritimes, 7 volumes (with Émile Burnat and François Cavillier); 1892–1931; Flora of the Maritime Alps.
- Monographie du genre Galeopsis, 1893 – Monograph on the genus Galeopsis.
- Études sur les Cytises des Alpes maritimes, 1894 – Studies of Cytisus of the Maritime Alps.
- Biographies de botanistes suisses, 1906 – Biographies of Swiss botanists.
- Prodrome de la flore Corse, comprenant les résultats botaniques de six voyages exécutés en Corse sour les auspices de M. Emile Burnat, 1910 (with René Verriet de Litardière) – Prodome of Corsican flora.
- Gleason, H. A. (1932). "Obituary". Science. 76 (1968): 247–248. doi:10.1126/science.76.1968.247. PMID 17731050.
- "Index of Botanists". Harvard University Herbaria. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
- "Briquet, John Isaac (1870–1931)". Aluka. Retrieved 2008-06-20.
- Historisches Lexikon der Schweiz (biography)
- Weatherby, C.A. (1949). "Botanical Nomenclature Since 1867". American Journal of Botany. 36 (1): 5–7. doi:10.2307/2438113. JSTOR 2438113. PMID 18124191.
- WorldCat Identities Most widely held works by John Briquet
- IPNI. Briq.
- Luc Lienhard: John Briquet in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
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