John Isaac Thornycroft
|John Isaac Thornycroft|
Vatican City, Rome
|Died||June 1928 (aged 85)
Bembridge, Isle of Wight
Thornycroft worked for a while at Palmers Shipbuilding and Iron Company in Jarrow-on-Tyne before studying for a diploma in engineering at the University of Glasgow. At Glasgow he studied under Lord Kelvin and Professor Macquorn Rankine.
He established a shipbuilding yard on the River Thames at Chiswick in 1866. He built his first steam launch when he was 19 years old. In 1876, his first vessel for the Royal Navy was a steam torpedo boat, HMS Lightning.
Thornycroft worked on means of aiding hull lubrication by air which also led him to the hydrofoil. This led him to develop stepped chine hulls which used for 55 ft British Coastal Motor Boats during the war gave them speeds of up to 40 knots.
He died in 1928.
This boatbuilding works concentrated on cabin cruisers and speedboats, but also produced small naval craft - Coastal Motor Boats in the First World War and Motor Torpedo Boats, Motor Launches and landing craft in the Second World War.
Thornycrofts closed their boatbuilding operation on Platt's Eyot when they were taken over by Vospers in the mid-1960s. The Southampton shipyard continues to operate as a VT Shipbuilding (Vosper-Thornycroft) company.
- Herbert B. Mason (Editor). Encyclopaedia of Ships and Shipping. London. 1908. pp. 630-631. Full view available from GoogleBooks.
- Institution of Civil Engineers (January 1929), "Obituary", Minutes of the Proceedings 227 (1929): 275, doi:10.1680/imotp.1929.14359, retrieved 2009-01-31
- "Thornycroft, Sir John Isaac". Who's Who, 59: p. 1747. 1907.
- 1908 Thornycroft Model at The Hovercraft Museum at www.hovercraft-museum.org
- Sir John Isaac Thornycroft - 1843-1928. Obituary notice. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A. Vol. 121, No. 788 (Dec. 1, 1928), pp. xxxv-xxxvii
- History of Platts Eyot including photos of Thornycroft vessels
- History of Thornycroft shipbuilding works at Chiswick including photos