John J. Carter
|John J. Carter|
June 16, 1842|
Westport, County Mayo, Ireland
|Died||January 3, 1917
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1861 - 1865|
|Unit||33rd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment|
|Battles/wars||Battle of Antietam|
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
John Joyce Carter (June 16, 1842 to January 3, 1917) was an Irish officer who fought in the American Civil War. Carter received the United States' highest award for bravery during combat, the Medal of Honor, for his action during the Battle of Antietam in Maryland on 17 September 1862. He was honored with the award on 10 September 1897.
Carter was born on 16 June 1842 in Westport, Ireland and emigrated to the United States in approximately 1845. He enlisted into the 33rd New York Volunteer Infantry Regiment at Nunda, New York in May 1861, and commissioned as a Second Lieutenant in June 1862. Following his Medal of Honor action, he mustered out with the 33rd NY Infantry in June 1863. After a short time as a civilian, he was appointed as a Captain of the 1st New York Veteran Cavalry in October 1863. He again mustered out with his regiment in July 1865.
Following the war Carter resided in Pennsylvania and pursued various business ventures including a clothing store in Titusville and an oil company called Carter Oil which later became known as Exxon.
Carter died on 3 January 1917 and his remains are interred at the Woodlawn Cemetery in Titusville, Pennsylvania.
Medal of Honor citation
While in command of a detached company, seeing his regiment thrown into confusion by a charge of the enemy, without orders made a countercharge upon the attacking column and checked the assault. Penetrated within the enemy's lines at night and obtained valuable information.
- "Civil War (A-L) Medal of Honor Recipients". Retrieved 8 October 2013.
- "Carter, John J.". Retrieved 19 October 2013.
- "John J Carter". Retrieved 20 October 2013.
- 33rd NY Infantry Regimental Roster
- 1st NY Veteran Cavalry Regimental Roster
- "John J. Carter - Medal of Honor Recipient". Retrieved 20 October 2013.