John J. Williams (senator)
|John J. Williams|
|United States Senator
January 3, 1947 – December 31, 1970
|Preceded by||James M. Tunnell|
|Succeeded by||William V. Roth, Jr.|
|Born||John James Williams
May 17, 1904
Frankford, Delaware, U.S.
|Died||January 11, 1988
Lewes, Delaware, U.S.
John James "Whispering Willie" Williams (May 17, 1904 – January 11, 1988) was an American businessman and politician from Millsboro, in Sussex County, Delaware. He was a member of the Republican Party, who served four terms as U.S. Senator from Delaware from 1947 to 1970.
Early life and family
Williams was born on a farm near Frankford, in Sussex County, Delaware, the ninth of eleven children. He married Elsie Steele in 1924. In 1922, he moved to Millsboro, Delaware where he and his brother, Preston, established the Millsboro Feed Company, a livestock and poultry feed company. In 1946, he served on the Millsboro Town Council.
United States Senate
Williams was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1946, defeating incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator James M. Tunnell. During this term, he served in the Republican majority in the 80th Congress, but was in the minority in the 81st and 82nd Congress.He was elected to a second term in 1952, defeating Democrat Alexis I. du Pont Bayard, and once again served in the Republican majority in the 83rd Congress, but returned to the minority in the 84th and 85th Congress. He was elected to a third term in 1958 and a fourth term in 1964, both times defeating Democrat Elbert N. Carvel, who at the time of the 1964 election was the Governor of Delaware. During these terms he served in the Republican minority in the 86th, 87th, 88th, 89th, 90th, and 91st Congress. In all, he served for 24 years, from January 3, 1947 until December 31, 1970, when he resigned. This was during the administrations of U.S. Presidents Harry S. Truman, Dwight D. Eisenhower, John F. Kennedy, Lyndon B. Johnson, and Richard M. Nixon. Williams was Delaware's first four-term U.S. Senator.
In the Senate, Williams established himself as an opponent to wasteful government bureaucracy. A proponent of free markets, Williams objected to U.S. President Harry S. Truman's continuation of many New Deal and World War II policies. He supported tax cuts, opposed the continuation of price controls, and suggested the federal budget could be balanced by slashing one million federal jobs he felt were unnecessary after the Great Depression and World War II.
From 1947 through 1948, Williams worked to root out corruption in the Internal Revenue Service, exposing the illegal activities of two hundred employees of the Treasury Department. In October of 1963, at a time when the 35th U.S. President, John F. Kennedy, was pondering the future of his 37th U.S. Vice President, Williams exposed corruption in the office of U.S. Senate aide Bobby Baker, the 37th U.S. Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson's protégé. He voted for the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In 1967, Williams helped defeat a proposed rule change that would have eliminated the filibuster, a tool that had been of great use to him in exposing government waste and misconduct. In 1968, unable to defeat the tax increase proposed by President Johnson, Williams worked with Democratic U.S. Senator George Smathers of Florida to simultaneously cut federal spending by $60 billion.
Williams, as well as fellow Republican U.S. Senator Prescott Bush, was considered a possible running mate for Republican Presidential nominee Dwight D. Eisenhower in 1952, but removed himself from consideration. He was also considered for a spot on the Republican ticket in 1964 and as a possible replacement for Spiro Agnew, when he resigned as Vice President of the United States in 1973. Williams was a delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1948 and 1956.
In 1965, Williams began pressing for a law that would require a mandatory retirement age of 65 for all elected officials. Though mandatory retirement was never enacted, Williams announced in 1969 that he would not seek a fifth term in the U.S. Senate. On December 31, 1970, he resigned from the Senate just before the end of his term, allowing his protégé, newly elected Republican William V. Roth, Jr., to gain additional seniority in his new class of U.S. Senators.
Death and legacy
Williams died at Lewes, Delaware and was buried in the Millsboro Cemetery, at Millsboro. He was a member of the Methodist Church, the Freemasons, and the Shriners. During his career in the U.S. Senate, Williams was called the "Lonewolf Investigator," "Watchdog of the Treasury," "Honest John," "Mr. Integrity," and most often, "the Conscience of the Senate." The section of Delaware Route 24 between Millsboro and Midway is named the John J. Williams Highway in his honor.
Elections are held the first Tuesday after November 1. U.S. Senators are popularly elected and take office January 3 for a six-year term.
|Office||Type||Location||Began office||Ended office||Notes|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||January 3, 1947||January 3, 1953|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||January 3, 1953||January 3, 1959|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||January 3, 1959||January 3, 1965|
|U.S. Senator||Legislature||Washington||January 3, 1965||December 31, 1970|
|1947–1949||80th||U.S. Senate||Republican||Harry S. Truman||class 1|
|1949–1951||81st||U.S. Senate||Democratic||Harry S. Truman||class 1|
|1951–1953||82nd||U.S. Senate||Democratic||Harry S. Truman||class 1|
|1953–1955||83rd||U.S. Senate||Republican||Dwight D. Eisenhower||class 1|
|1955–1957||84th||U.S. Senate||Democratic||Dwight D. Eisenhower||class 1|
|1957–1959||85th||U.S. Senate||Democratic||Dwight D. Eisenhower||class 1|
|1959–1961||86th||U.S. Senate||Democratic||Dwight D. Eisenhower||class 1|
|1961–1963||87th||U.S. Senate||Democratic||John F. Kennedy||class 1|
|1963–1965||88th||U.S. Senate||Democratic||John F. Kennedy
Lyndon B. Johnson
|1965–1967||89th||U.S. Senate||Democratic||Lyndon B. Johnson||class 1|
|1967–1969||90th||U.S. Senate||Democratic||Lyndon B. Johnson||class 1|
|1969–1971||91st||U.S. Senate||Democratic||Richard M. Nixon||class 1|
|1946||U.S. Senator||John J. Williams||Republican||62,603||55%||James M. Tunnell||Democratic||50,910||45%|
|1952||U.S. Senator||John J. Williams||Republican||93,020||55%||Alexis I. du Pont Bayard||Democratic||77,685||45%|
|1958||U.S. Senator||John J. Williams||Republican||82,280||53%||Elbert N. Carvel||Democratic||72,152||47%|
|1964||U.S. Senator||John J. Williams||Republican||103,782||52%||Elbert N. Carvel||Democratic||96,850||48%|
- Caro, Robert A. (2012). The Passage of Power, vol. 4 of The Years of Lyndon Johnson. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. pp. 282–94. ISBN 978-0-679-40507-8.
- Carter, Richard B. (2001). Clearing New Ground, The Life of John G. Townsend, Jr. Wilmington, Delaware: The Delaware Heritage Press. ISBN 0-924117-20-6.
- Martin, Roger (1997). Elbert N. Carvel. Wilmington, Delaware: Delaware Heritage Press. ISBN 0-924117-08-7.
- Hoffecker, Carol E. (2000). Honest John Williams. Newark, Delaware: University of Delaware Press.
- Cohen, Celia (2002). Only in Delaware, Politics and Politicians in the First State. Newark, Delaware: Grapevine Publishing.
- Political and Historical Figures Portrait Gallery; Portrait courtesy of Historical and Cultural Affairs, Dover.
- Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Delaware’s Members of Congress
- Find a Grave
- The Political Graveyard
- A film clip "Longines Chronoscope with John J. Williams is available at the Internet Archive
James M. Tunnell
|U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Delaware
Served alongside: C. Douglass Buck, J. Allen Frear, Jr., J. Caleb Boggs
William V. Roth, Jr.