John Jameson (comics)

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John Jameson
JohnJameson-Marvel.png
John Jameson.
Art by John Romita Jr.
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceThe Amazing Spider-Man #1 (March 1963)
Created byJohn Jameson:
Stan Lee (writer)
Steve Ditko (artist)
Man-Wolf:
Gerry Conway
Roy Thomas
In-story information
Alter egoJohn Jonah Jameson III
SpeciesHuman (normal form)
Werewolf (the Man-Wolf)
Place of originNew York City
Team affiliationsAgents of Wakanda
Symbiote Task Force
Supporting character ofSpider-Man
Captain America
She-Hulk
Notable aliasesColonel Jupiter, the Man-Wolf, the Stargod, Carnage
AbilitiesSkilled pilot and astronaut
Experienced hand-to-hand combatant
Use of various weapons
(As Colonel Jupiter):
Superhuman strength, durability, agility, stamina and jumping
Enhanced size
(As the Man-Wolf):
Superhuman strength, speed, agility and durability
Enhanced senses
Accelerated healing factor
Large razor sharp claws and teeth
Lunar Empowerment
(As the Stargod):
Vast superhuman strength
High-level durability
Cosmic and telepathic powers
Self-Sustenance
Wears scale mail armor
Use of a broadsword, dagger, and longbow and arrows

John Jonah Jameson III (also known as Colonel Jupiter, the Man-Wolf and the Stargod) is a fictional character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. He is the son of J. Jonah Jameson.

Publication history[edit]

John Jameson debuted in The Amazing Spider-Man #1 (March 1963), and was created by Stan Lee and Steve Ditko.[1] This first story introduces the character as a prominent astronaut.

During his lengthy stint on The Amazing Spider-Man during the 1970s, writer Gerry Conway had Jameson turned into a werewolf, with the new alias "Man-Wolf". Conway explained:

I'd wanted to do something with [John Jameson] for a long time. I felt like he was a character who'd gotten lost over the years. Also, at this point, it's 1973, John Jameson is an astronaut, and we've been to the moon, so I asked myself, "What would we do with that in Spider-Man's world?" And that was how it played out. It also added another layer of tension to Spider-Man's relationship with J. Jonah Jameson. As a writer, you always want to find a way to increase the pressure on the main character, to increase the involvement of other characters with that character. Consequently, anything that could make Jonah's hatred of Spider-Man more intense and at the same time more understandable was a useful device dramatically.[2]

As the Man-Wolf, Jameson was the lead feature in Creatures on the Loose #30-37 (July 1974-September 1975).[3]

Fictional character biography[edit]

Born in New York City, John Jonah Jameson III is the son of The Daily Bugle's irascible, gruff publisher John Jonah Jameson Junior. Jonah is immensely proud of his son, whom he sees as a true hero. Initially an astronaut, he was first seen being saved by Spider-Man when his craft malfunctioned on re-entry,[1] something that did nothing to endear the wall-crawler to his father resenting Spider-Man's form of heroism.[4]

On a later mission, Jameson was infected with spores that gave him super-strength, but strained his body and mind. He was forced to wear a strength-restraining Jupiter suit and battled Spider-Man at his father's urging before recovering and calling himself "Colonel Jupiter". His father convinced him to go after Spider-Man, who had been seen apparently robbing a bank. The web-slinger outsmarted him, and Jonah soon learned that Spider-Man was saving the bank from a bomb. However, John did not care about the misunderstanding and was really out for revenge. Spider-Man managed to neutralize the spores with electricity, returning Jameson to normal.[5][6]

While he was on the Moon, Jameson found the mystical Godstone, an other-dimensional ruby. The jewel grafted itself to his throat (after he made it into a pendant and started wearing it around his neck) and extended tendrils through his body. Moonlight activated the gem, which transformed him into the lycanthropic Man-Wolf,[7] and he fought Spider-Man in this bestial form.[8] The ruby was removed by Spider-Man.[9] Some time after that, the ruby was reattached to John by Morbius, the Living Vampire[10] who used the Man-Wolf as a pawn so that Morbius could find a cure for his condition. The Man-Wolf was again defeated by Spider-Man.[11]

Later, he was transported to the dimension known as the Other Realm, from which the ruby originated and which was the source of the radiation from the ruby that transformed John into the Man-Wolf. It was revealed that the ruby was created by the dying Stargod to pass on his powers to someone else. While on Earth, Jameson could only partially transform, resulting in his bestial behavior,[12] while in the Other Realm he could fully transform, resulting in retention of his human intelligence and speech while in lupine form. He took up the mantle of the Stargod, acted as champion of the Other Realm, and gained new powers such as telepathy and energy manipulation. He fought his foes with a sword, a dagger and a longbow and arrows in this incarnation.[13] Afterward, he opted to return to Earth, resulting in him losing the ability to fully transform and the loss of all memory of his ever being the Stargod. He became the Man-Wolf again during this period,[14] and became the Stargod again at one point.[15] He later returned to Earth, becoming the Man-Wolf again, and allowed himself to be subjected to a procedure that destroyed the ruby, restoring him to normalcy for some time.[16][17]

Jameson became the pilot of Captain America's personal Quinjet for a period, using the call-sign of "Skywolf".[volume & issue needed] During this time, he was temporarily transformed into the Man-Wolf by Dredmond Druid, who wanted the power of the Stargod for himself.[volume & issue needed] Jameson left Captain America's employ due to his attraction to Diamondback (Captain America's then-girlfriend).[volume & issue needed]

Jameson remains friends with Spider-Man and often tries to convince his father to "let up on [Spider-Man]". He spent some time as Ravencroft's Head of Security and briefly dated its director, Dr. Ashley Kafka. The Carnage symbiote briefly overwhelmed Jameson, using him to commit further murders before Carnage eventually bonded with Ben Reilly (Spider-Man at that time). Both John and Ashley were fired by a director who was angry about the Chameleon's escape and subsequent wounding by Kraven the Hunter. Via hypnotherapy, Kafka helped discover that Jack O'Lantern had caused him to attack his hospitalized father. This therapy also briefly unleashed John's Man-Wolf aspect before Ashley was able to help John suppress his changes once more.[18]

During the Civil War storyline, John helped Captain America while the latter was in hiding. He was assisting the She-Hulk in locating and signing up unregistered superheroes. John had also been registered as the Man-Wolf under the Superhuman Registration Act.[volume & issue needed] During this time, the villain Stegron the Dinosaur Man temporarily transformed him into the Man-Wolf again, as a side-effect of a mad scheme to devolve the entire population of New York City. He attacked Mary Jane Watson and May Parker in Avengers Tower, but was subdued by Tony Stark's Guardsmen before he could harm them.[19] Reed Richards subsequently cured him of this form.[20]

John had been dating the She-Hulk (Jennifer Walters) and the two had been living together for some time, along with Augustus Pugliese (the She-Hulk's coworker).[21] Eventually they eloped in Las Vegas.[22] However, John was forced into becoming the Man-Wolf once more after being injected by a mysterious substance. After a brief rampage, John stopped fighting his situation and became the Stargod again.[23] He now retains his intelligence while in the Man-Wolf's form, has the Stargod's powers, and apparently can switch between human and lupine forms. His current superhuman status can be defined in his own words as "I am a god" and is supported by a battle with a clone of the Mad Titan Thanos in which he held his own.[24] However, John did not want to be the Stargod because he felt that having the powers of a god made him arrogant and savage. The She-Hulk and the Stargod separated after the She-Hulk discovered that her feelings for John were influenced prior to their marriage by Starfox,[25] and she had also learned that John had hoped to convince Jennifer to give up the She-Hulk identity permanently.[26] Dejected, the Stargod sought adventure in outer space,[27] before finally returning to Earth.[28] He resumed his human form and tried to reconcile with Jennifer, but when Jennifer rejected him again, John realized that their relationship was truly over and he signed the legal papers annulling their marriage.[29]

When it came to Jameson's next mission into space, Alistair Alphonso Smythe, the Scorpion, and the new villain the Fly-Girl attack the launch site with an army of cyborg minions (each one wanting revenge on J.J.J.) where the three sabotaged the launch and held John for ransom.[30] John was saved in the end.[volume & issue needed]

Soon after, Jameson was attacked on the Apogee 1 Space Station by co-workers mind-controlled by Doctor Octopus wanting to take control of the station. With the help of Spider-Man and the Human Torch, he was able to save the day and the station safely crashed into the ocean, its employees alive and well.[31]

Jameson would eventually go to work in the military testing out anti-symbiote weapons technology for the U.S. Armed Forces.[32] He would eventually be contacted by special agent Clair Dixon in the tasking of apprehending Cletus Kasady; a.k.a. the supercriminal known as Carnage. Needing his expertise with the governmental developed Sonic Defense System on top of his experience with the alien-hosting serial killer.[33] John had believed that with the Godstone shattered by Spider-Man some years back,[volume & issue needed] he had been normalized and would no longer transform into the Man-Wolf again.[34] But, due to the regenerative nature of both it and its powers, his body would continually regrow a new jewel, which continued his transformations.[35]

John Jameson appears as a member of the Agents of Wakanda in his Man-Wolf form. He was shown fighting vampires in outer space beyond lunar orbit.[36]

Powers and abilities[edit]

John Jameson is a skilled pilot and astronaut and is experienced in hand-to-hand combat and a variety of weapons. During his space flight to the gas giant called Jupiter, alien spores found on the planet had attracted to and clung onto John on his return trip home.[37] These spores changed his anatomical physiology, causing him to enlarge and become physically denser than normal; he also ran the risk of cardiovascular and neurological complications without use of a specially designed weighted suit which monitored his bio-readings. Also, using his powers increased psychological instability, causing him to become increasingly more violent and aggressive whenever his emotions ran away with him.[38]

While Jameson was doing search and rescue missions in the Middle East, the American military discovered that another Godstone had grown within his body, the original having altered his physiology to the point that he now spawns replacement gems.[39] When the new Godstone is ripped out and crushed by Carnage, another immediately appears and heals Jameson.[40]

As Colonel Jupiter[edit]

Due to spore infection, which was garnered during his space mission to Jupiter, John Jameson had developed a supernormal physiology accommodating to the higher gravity and harsher atmospheric conditions of the planet. Doubling his original size and physical strength, particularly in his lower body which allows for jumping and leaping great distances at a time, even being able to move fast enough to intercept Spider-Man with relative ease. Colonel Jupiter also boasts increased skin, bone and muscle density; enough to resist super-strength blows from Spider-Man, as well as dish out enough force to rupture steel or shatter masonry barehanded, even by accident.

As the Man-Wolf[edit]

As the Man-Wolf, Jameson possessed superhuman strength, agility, speed and durability, an accelerated healing factor and heightened senses. He also has razor-sharp teeth and claws to use as weapons once transformed. The Man-Wolf's levels of strength and intelligence varied according to the phases of the moon. Jameson did not retain his human personality or intelligence while in his Man-Wolf form; though the more bestial side is capable of speech, it does not talk often.[41] He was not a traditional supernatural werewolf and was thus invulnerable to silver.

As the Stargod[edit]

While in the Other Realm, the Stargod possessed both his human intelligence and speech and the Man-Wolf's body, as well as vast superhuman strength, a high degree of durability, and cosmic and telepathic powers. Jameson, eventually learning to utilize the Stargod power by force of will, could consciously change between human and werewolf forms, fly across interstellar distances, survive within the cold depths of space unprotected and without a space suit, along with teleporting between dimensions like Earth and the Other Realm under his own power. He wears scale mail armor and uses a broadsword, a dagger, and a longbow and arrows.

Other versions[edit]

Earth X[edit]

On Earth X, John Jameson lives on the Moon and is the father of Jay Jameson. He first appeared in Earth X #0.

House of M[edit]

In the House of M universe, John Jameson was part of the project that gave the Fantastic Four their powers. Jameson is in the spacecraft along with Ben Grimm, Reed Richards, and Susan Storm. Instead of transforming into the Human Torch, he died along with Richards and Sue, leaving only Ben alive in the form of the Thing but calling himself the It.[volume & issue needed]

MC2[edit]

In the alternative universe MC2, John Jameson married Dr. Ashley Kafka and they had a son, Jack. Jack became the costumed adventurer known as the Buzz.

newuniversal[edit]

In the alternate world of newuniversal, Lieutenant General John Jameson is assistant to the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Thad Ross, and is involved in arranging an airstrike to kill Ken Connell. The attempt is unsuccessful.[42]

Spider-Gwen[edit]

On Earth-65, the home of Spider-Gwen, John Jameson as Man-Wolf is one of the major crime bosses of New York with henchmen working for him all over the city. When he starts targeting Spider-Woman (Gwen Stacy) and her friends, she defeats him and gets him arrested.[43] Shortly after his arrest, his father, Mayor J. Jonah Jameson, has him released claiming he "wasn't in the right mind" during his time as Man-Wolf.[44]

What If?[edit]

In "What If the Radioactive Spider Had Bitten Someone Else?", John Jameson is one of three candidates - along with Betty Brant and Flash Thompson - who is bitten by the radioactive spider which gave Spider-Man his powers. Equipped with a rocket pack, and upon his father's relentless prompting for the sake of his paper's publicity, John begins to fight crime as "Spider Jameson". However, when he attempts to save an astronaut from his crashing capsule (the same situation from which he was saved by Spider-Man in mainstream continuity), his rocket pack runs out of fuel, but Jameson heroically sacrifices his life by using his own body to cushion the capsule's impact. The death of his son makes Jonah Jameson re-think his relentless attitudes, and he subsequently dedicates The Daily Bugle to the promotion of superheroes, not their persecution.[45]

In other media[edit]

Television[edit]

  • John Jameson appeared in Spider-Man: The Animated Series, voiced by Michael Horton.[citation needed] In "The Alien Costume" saga, he unwittingly brings the Venom symbiote to Earth. John ended up in the hospital following the crash-landing. When J. Jonah Jameson visits John in the hospital, John mentions Spider-Man fighting a guy in a rhino suit, which proved that the Rhino was the one who robbed the shuttle. The Shocker later abducted John from the hospital, which draws Spider-Man and J.J.J. to an abandoned church. While Spider-Man fought Shocker, J.J.J. got his son away from the church. While still in a wheelchair following his abduction, John visited the Daily Bugle, where he was welcomed by its staff.
  • John Jameson/the Man-Wolf appeared in the Spider-Man Unlimited animated series, voiced by John Payne (John Jameson) and by Scott McNeil (the Man-Wolf's vocal effects).[citation needed] While traveling into space, he crashed on Counter-Earth thanks to Venom and Carnage (possessed by the Synoptic). After Spider-Man went there to return to Earth, John and the web-slinger joined the human rebels to fight the High Evolutionary's Beastials and restore peace to Counter-Earth. The Man-Wolf's first animated appearance occurred in the episode "Ill Met By Moonlight" when the High Evolutionary had experimented on him and he became the Man-Wolf every time he got angry.
  • John Jameson/Colonel Jupiter appears in The Spectacular Spider-Man animated series,[46] voiced by Daran Norris.[47] When J. Jonah Jameson planned on writing an article on how John saved New York City by finding the Green Goblin's planted bomb, John warned this would lead to an investigation that would pull him from a coming space mission, so his father reluctantly attributed John's actions to Spider-Man. Later, his spaceship malfunctions after being hit by an asteroid and nearly crashes (similar to Amazing Spider-Man #1) but John is able to safely land his ship, which contained the Venom symbiote. Jonah's anger that other newspapers, which had Spider-Man's battle with the Goblin on the front page, sold more than the Daily Bugle, with John's survival as the front-page story, intensifying Jonah's hatred for the web-slinger to discredit him even more. John is later revealed to have been exposed to alien spores (due to earlier contact with the symbiote) that have been making him bigger, heavier and stronger, causing Dr. Curt Connors to design a special suit for him. When Venom impersonates Spider-Man, he is convinced to be the superhero Colonel Jupiter by his father. Venom attacked him, framing Spider-Man and causing the spores' effects on him to increase, leading Colonel Jupiter to fight Spider-Man. After a brutal fight, Spider-Man discovered that electricity could destroy John's spores. Upon being exposed to 2,000,000 volts of electricity, he returned to being physically normal. John ends up in Ravencroft still craving the spores' power.
  • John Jameson/the Man-Wolf appears in the Ultimate Spider-Man animated series, voiced by Nolan North.[47] In the episode "The Man-Wolf", John's distress signal on the Daily Bugle Communications' space station on the moon is answered by Spider-Man and the S.H.I.E.L.D. Trainees (Power Man, White Tiger, Iron Fist and Nova). John's construction crew found an advanced civilization's remains harboring a number of strange jewels. One of these jewels has embedded itself in John's chest and triggered his feral Man-Wolf transformation (with the trappings and the sword used by the Stargod). Spider-Man manages to shatter the jewel, but the sudden reversion causes John to retain some wolfish features. John is kept in S.H.I.E.L.D. custody for treatment while J. Jonah Jameson blames Spider-Man and S.H.I.E.L.D. for his son's condition; Nick Fury tells J.J.J. that his son is saved because of Spider-Man. In the episode "Stan By Me", the Man-Wolf has a cameo appearance as one of the possible creatures attacking Midtown High School.
  • John Jameson/the Man-Wolf appears in the 2010s Spider-Man animated series, voiced by Josh Keaton.[48] In the episode "Osborn Academy", he is among the people that audition for a spot in Osborn Academy, where he shows his space program knowledge. In the episode "Halloween Moon", John and Harry Osborn worked on an experiment that involved a lunar crystal that fed off gamma radiation which turned John into the Man-Wolf, whose scratch turned those who were struck by the Man-Wolf's claws into werewolves themselves. It took Spider-Man, the Hulk, Gwen Stacy and Harry to undo the effects of the Man-Wolf's transformations and cure the infected. While Norman Osborn is displeased that he got Harry involved upon being given the lunar crystal, John stated that the Man-Wolf form had a different personality, as Osborn plans to find a way to fix the lunar crystal's effects.

Film[edit]

  • John Jameson appears in Spider-Man 2, portrayed by Daniel Gillies.[49] An astronaut noted for apparently being the first man to play football on the moon, he rather quickly develops a relationship with Mary Jane Watson who immediately accepts his marriage proposal. However, Mary Jane (due to not truly loving John) leaves him at the altar to go back to Peter Parker.
  • John Jameson (as JJ Jameson, III) has a cameo appearance in the 2018 film Venom, portrayed by Chris O'Hara.[50] An employee of the Life Foundation, he is the sole surviving astronaut of Carlton Drake's spaceship (carrying the symbiotes) and his body gets infested by the Riot symbiote. As John is moved by Malaysian EMTs, Riot leaps to Corinne Wan and crashes the ambulance, leaving John's fate unknown.

Video games[edit]

John Jameson appears in the Spider-Man 2 video game, voiced by Charles Klausmeyer.[47]

Reception[edit]

The Man-Wolf was ranked #21 on a listing of Marvel Comics' monster characters in 2015.[51]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 18. ISBN 978-0756692360. [The Amazing Spider-Man #1] introduced readers to The Daily Bugle publisher and anti-Spider-Man activist J. Jonah Jameson, as Spidey saved his astronaut son, John, from a space mission gone awry.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  2. ^ Williams, Scott E. (October 2010). "Gerry Conway: Everything but the Gwen Stacy Sink". Back Issue!. TwoMorrows Publishing (#44): 10.
  3. ^ Manning "1970s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 75: "Man-Wolf was awarded his own regular spotlight in the ongoing title Creatures on the Loose...Man-Wolf's adventures became the focus of this title until its conclusion with issue #37."
  4. ^ The Amazing Spider-Man #1 (March 1963). Marvel Comics.
  5. ^ The Amazing Spider-Man #41-42. Marvel Comics.
  6. ^ Manning "1960s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 37: "Spider-Man tangled with a powered-up John Jameson, driven half-mad by contact with spores encountered on a space walk."
  7. ^ Conway, Gerry (w), Kane, Gil (p), Romita, Sr., John; Mortellaro, Tony (i). "The Mark of the Man-Wolf" The Amazing Spider-Man #124 (September 1973)
  8. ^ Manning "1970s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 70: "The Man-Wolf, a major new threat to Spider-Man and his supporting cast, was introduced in a two-part tale that saw the werewolf terrorize J. Jonah Jameson."
  9. ^ Conway, Gerry (w), Andru, Ross (p), Romita, Sr., John; Mortellaro, Tony (i). "Wolfhunt!" The Amazing Spider-Man #125 (October 1973)
  10. ^ Manning "1970s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 73: "Morbius had reunited John Jameson with his moonstone necklace, causing John to revert to his horrific Man-Wolf form."
  11. ^ Conway, Gerry (w), Kane, Gil (p), Esposito, Mike (i). "Chapter 1: Man-Wolf at Midnight!/Chapter 2: Duel of the Demon Duo!/Chapter 3: When Strikes the Vampire!" Giant-Size Super-Heroes #1 (June 1974)
  12. ^ Creatures on the Loose #30-37. Marvel Comics.
  13. ^ Marvel Premiere #45-46. Marvel Comics. This story, while published years later, picked up right where Creatures on the Loose #30-37 had left off.
  14. ^ Marvel Team-Up #36-37 and Amazing Spider-Man #189-190. Marvel Comics. The two stories' order here is chronological, as the aforementioned one in Marvel Premiere #45-46 was published in between them.
  15. ^ Savage She-Hulk #13-14. Marvel Comics.
  16. ^ Kraft, David Anthony (w), Sherman, James; Weiss, Alan (p), Mitchell, Steve (i). "Dark Side of the Moon" Peter Parker, the Spectacular Spider-Man Annual #3 (1981)
  17. ^ Manning "1980s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 121: "With the help of Dr. Curt Connors and Spider-Man, John was cured of his condition, seemingly forever."
  18. ^ Sensational Spider-Man #3, Amazing Spider-Man #410, Spider-Man #67, and Spectacular Spider-Man #233. Marvel Comics.
  19. ^ Sensational Spider-Man (vol. 2) #25. Marvel Comics.
  20. ^ Sensational Spider-Man (vol. 2) #27. Marvel Comics.
  21. ^ She-Hulk #5 (2005). Marvel Comics.
  22. ^ She-Hulk #8 (2005). Marvel Comics.
  23. ^ She-Hulk #9 (2005). Marvel Comics.
  24. ^ She-Hulk #10 (2005). Marvel Comics.
  25. ^ She-Hulk #11 (2005). Marvel Comics.
  26. ^ She-Hulk #12 (2005). Marvel Comics.
  27. ^ She-Hulk #13 (2005). Marvel Comics.
  28. ^ She-Hulk #14 (2005). Marvel Comics.
  29. ^ She-Hulk #20 (2005). Marvel Comics.
  30. ^ The Amazing Spider-Man #652
  31. ^ The Amazing Spider-Man #680-681. Marvel Comics.
  32. ^ All-New All-Different Point One (vol. 1) #1. (Dec, 2015) Marvel Comics.
  33. ^ Carnage (vol. 2) #1-16. (2016) Marvel Comics.
  34. ^ Carnage (vol. 2) #3 (Feb. 2016). Marvel Comics.
  35. ^ Carnage (vol. 2) #5 (April 2016). Marvel Comics.
  36. ^ Avengers (vol. 8) #12. Marvel Comics.
  37. ^ The Amazing Spider-Man #41. (Oct. 1966) Marvel Comics.
  38. ^ Amazing Spider-Man #42. (Nov. 1966) Marvel Comics.
  39. ^ Gerry Conway (w), Mike Perkins (p), Mike Perkins (i), Andy Troy (col), VC's Joe Sabino (let), Nick Lowe (ed). "The One That Got Away, Part Three" Carnage v2, #3 (30 December 2015), United States: Marvel Comics
  40. ^ Gerry Conway (w), Mike Perkins (p), Mike Perkins (i), Andy Troy (col), VC's Joe Sabino (let), Nick Lowe (ed). "The One That Got Away, Part Five" Carnage v2, #5 (17 January 2016), United States: Marvel Comics
  41. ^ Carnage (vol. 2) #3. Marvel Comics.
  42. ^ Warren Ellis (w), Salvador Larroca (a). "Mystery" newuniversal 5 (2007), Marvel Comics
  43. ^ Spider-Gwen: Ghost Spider #5-9
  44. ^ Ghost Spider #1
  45. ^ What If? (vol. 1) #7
  46. ^ "Comics Continuum by Rob Allstetter: Friday, April 25, 2008". Comicscontinuum.com. 2008-04-25. Retrieved 2011-01-12.
  47. ^ a b c "Voice Of John Jameson - Spider-Man | Behind The Voice Actors". Behind The Voice Actors. Retrieved February 18, 2018. Check mark indicates role has been confirmed using screenshots of closing credits and other reliable sources
  48. ^ "Halloween Moon". Spider-Man. Season 1. Episode 11. October 7, 2017. Disney XD.
  49. ^ Johnson, Zach (May 3, 2017). "Spider-Man Turns 15: 60 Actors You Forgot Appeared in Marvel Movies". E! Online. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  50. ^ Cameron Bonomolo (October 5, 2018). "'Venom': Spider-Man Supporting Character Makes a Cameo". comicbook. Retrieved October 7, 2018.
  51. ^ Buxton, Marc (October 30, 2015). "Marvel's 31 Best Monsters". Den of Geek. Archived from the original on September 30, 2018. Man-Wolf was also right at home in straight up superhero tales as he took on Spider-Man and or in gothic driven Bronze Age awesomeness in the pages of one of the million Marvel creature features. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External links[edit]