John Johnston (New Zealand politician)

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The Hon
John Johnston
MLC
John Johnston, ca 1869.jpeg
John Johnston in ca 1869
Member of the New Zealand Legislative Council
In office
31 March 1857 – 6 November 1860
In office
11 March 1861 – 16 November 1887
Personal details
Born 1809
Died 16 November 1887
Spouse(s) Henrietta Charlotte Johnston (née Hatton)
Relations Morgan Stanislaus Grace (son-in-law)
Westby Perceval (son-in-law)
Children Walter Woods Johnston
Charles John Johnston
Religion Presbyterian

John Johnston (1809 – 16 November 1887) was a Member of the New Zealand Legislative Council and a successful businessman.

Biography[edit]

Johnston was born in Ayrshire south-west Scotland in 1809.[1][2] In 1838, he married Henrietta Charlotte Hatton, who was a devout Roman Catholic.[1] He arrived with his family in Wellington from London via Nelson[3] on 3 January 1843 on the Prince of Wales.[4][5] He travelled with his wife, their two sons Walter Woods and Sydney[6] and their daughter Agnes Mary[7] who was born during the journey.[4] He was a Freemason and of Presbyterian faith, but his children were brought up in their mother's Catholic faith.[8]

In the early 1840s, he founded the large mercantile house known as Johnston and Co. and continued to take an active part until 1878, when he retired from business, leaving the company in the hands of his sons: the Hon. Walter Woods Johnston who, like his father, was an ex-Minister, and the Hon. Charles John Johnston, M.L.C.[9] Johnston also held land in Wellington and the lower North Island[5] where he built the house at Oruawharo[1] for Sydney, his second son who took charge of these holdings (Percival Sydney Johnston 1841-1917). His residence was in Fitzherbert Terrace Thorndon.[10]

Johnston was a member of the Wellington Provincial Council between December 1855 and April 1872. He first represented the Wellington Country electorate, and since 1865 he was a member for Karori and Makara.[11] At various times (1858, 1861–1862, 1868), he was a member of the Wellington Executive Council. [12] Johnston was appointed to the Legislative Council on 31 March 1857 and served until 6 November 1860, when his membership lapsed through absence.[13] He was reappointed on 11 March 1861 and remained a member for the rest of his life.[13] Johnston was prominent as a legislator for many years.[9] Johnston was a member of the Executive Council in the Stafford Ministry, from 14 May 1866 until 5 April 1867.[14]

His eldest daughter, Agnes Mary, married Morgan Stanislaus Grace on 25 January 1866 at Wellington.[15] His third daughter, Jessie Mary, married Westby Perceval on 11 May 1880 at Wellington.[16]

Henrietta Johnston died on 23 February 1878.[17] He died on 16 November 1887 at Wellington,[13][18] aged 76 years,[19] and was buried three days later.[20] At his death, his property was estimated to be worth £1,000,000.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Oruawharo". Register of Historic Places. Heritage New Zealand. Retrieved 9 March 2013. 
  2. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 156.
  3. ^ "Shipping Intelligence". New Zealand Gazette and Wellington Spectator. III (208). 4 January 1843. p. 2. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Prince of Wales". Rootsweb. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Hancock, Mervyn (December 2005). "Walter Woods Johnston : Member of Parliament for Manawatu 1871–1884" (PDF). Palmerston North Library. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  6. ^ Ralston, Bruce. "Johnston, Walter Woods - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  7. ^ "Family Group Record". FamilySearch. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "The Hon John Johnston, M.L.C.". Auckland Star. XVIII (272). 18 November 1887. p. 5. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  9. ^ a b Cyclopedia Company Limited (1897). "The Hon. John Johnston". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Wellington Provincial District. Wellington: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  10. ^ The Will of the late Hon. John Johnston, Evening Post, 19 December 1887
  11. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 238.
  12. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 236.
  13. ^ a b c Scholefield 1950, p. 79.
  14. ^ Scholefield 1950, p. 33.
  15. ^ Downey, P. J. "Grace, Morgan Stanislaus - Biography". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  16. ^ Rice, Geoffrey W. "Perceval, Westby Brook". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 13 January 2012. 
  17. ^ "Untitled". Colonist. XX (2355). 28 February 1878. p. 3. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  18. ^ "By the Way". Mataura Ensign. 10 (722). 18 November 1887. p. 5. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  19. ^ "Local and General News". Feilding Star. IX (64). 17 November 1887. p. 2. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 
  20. ^ "Telegraphic News". Hawera & Normanby Star. IX (1784). 19 November 1887. p. 3. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainCyclopedia Company Limited (1897). "The Hon. John Johnston". The Cyclopedia of New Zealand : Wellington Provincial District. Wellington: The Cyclopedia of New Zealand. Retrieved 12 January 2012. 

  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First ed. published 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.