John Kendrick Skinner

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

John Kendrick Skinner
John Kendrick Skinner.JPG
Born5 February 1883
Glasgow, Scotland
Died17 March 1918 (aged 35)
Vlamertinghe, Belgium
Buried
Vlamertinghe New Military Cemetery
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branchFlag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service1899 – 1918 
RankCompany Sergeant Major
UnitThe King's Own Scottish Borderers
Battles/warsSecond Boer War

First World War

AwardsVictoria Cross (UK) ribbon.png Victoria Cross
Distinguished Conduct Medal
Croix de guerre (France)

John Kendrick Skinner VC, DCM (5 February 1883 – 17 March 1918) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Skinner was born in Glasgow to Walter C. Skinner, a tailor's cutter, and Mary Skinner née Kendrick. He was educated at Queen's Park Higher Grade School and Allan Glen's School in the city.[1]

Skinner was an acting Company Sergeant Major in the 1st Battalion, The King's Own Scottish Borderers, British Army, when he became the recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

In the First World War he was 34 years old and exhibited "most conspicuous bravery and good leading" during the Battle of Passchendaele on 18 August 1917 at Wijdendrift, Belgium, for which he received the Victoria Cross.

His citation reads:

For most conspicuous bravery and good leading. Whilst his company was attacking, machine gun fire opened on the left flank, delaying the advance. Although C.S.M. Skinner was wounded in the head, he collected six men, and with great courage and determination worked round the left flank of three blockhouses from which the machine gun fire was coming, and succeeded in bombing and taking the first blockhouse single-handed; then, leading his six men towards the other two blockhouses, he skilfully cleared them, taking sixty prisoners, three machine guns, and two trench mortars. The dash and gallantry displayed by this warrant officer enabled the objective to be reached and consolidated.[2]

C.S.M Skinner received the medal from King George V at an investiture in Buckingham Palace on 26 September 1917.[3] Following the investiture he was granted the customary fourteen days' leave after which he was posted to the Reserve Battalion in Edinburgh. A few days later, however, he was seen in the line, having risked a court-martial to return to his men.[4]

He was killed in action at Vlamertinghe, Belgium, on 17 March 1918, when trying to rescue a wounded man and was buried at Vlamertinghe New British Cemetery, Belgium, 3 miles (5 km) west of Ypres, in Plot XVI, Row H, Grave 15.[5] His pallbearers were six fellow-VCs with three others in attendance.[6][7]

His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Regimental Museum of The Kings Own Scottish Borderers, in Berwick Barracks, Berwick upon Tweed, Northumberland, England.


References[edit]

  1. ^ "John Kendrick Skinner, Glasgow Herald, 15 September 1917". Pollokshields Heritage. 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  2. ^ "No. 30284". The London Gazette (Supplement). 14 September 1917. p. 9533.
  3. ^ "John Kendrick Skinner, Presentation of VC by King George V". Pollokshields Heritage. 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  4. ^ "John Kendrick Skinner's Funeral and Gravestone at the New Military Vlarmertinghe Cemetery". Pollokshields Heritage. 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  5. ^ "Casualty Details: Skinner, John Kendrick". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Victoria Crosses". The King's Own Scottish Borderers Association. 2015. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 June 2013. Retrieved 18 June 2013.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]