John Kidd (chemist)
|Born||10 September 1775|
|Died||7 September 1851 (aged 75)|
He became reader in chemistry at Oxford in 1801, and in 1803 was elected the first Aldrichian professor of chemistry. He then voluntarily gave courses of lectures on mineralogy and geology: these were delivered in the dark chambers under the Ashmolean Museum, and there William Conybeare, William Buckland, Charles Daubeny and others gained their first lessons in geology. Kidd was a popular and instructive lecturer, and through his efforts the geological chair, first held by Buckland, was established.
The first of the scriptural geologists, "Kidd argued in his book A Geological Essay on the Imperfect Evidences in Support of a Theory of the Earth, on philosophical grounds, that a science of observation cannot claim certainty for its inferences as to causes, and that consequently theoretical geology cannot stand against an indisputable authority such as revelation." In 1818 he became a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians; in 1822 regius professor of medicine in succession to Sir Christopher Pegge; and in 1834 he was appointed keeper of the Radcliffe Library.
- Outlines of Mineralogy (1809)
- A Geological Essay on the Imperfect Evidence in Support of a Theory of the Earth (1815)#
- The second Bridgewater Treatise: On the Adaptation of External Nature to the Physical Condition of Man (1833).
- Earl of Bridgewater for other Bridgewater Treatise
- The Aldrich chair of Chemistry was founded with an endowment given to the University in 1798 by George Aldrich, whose name adopted (Cf: Robert J P Williams, John S Rowlinson, Allan Chapman (edts.), Chemistry at Oxford: a history from 1600 to 2005, pp. 79-81, London: Royal Society of Chemistry, 2008 (ISBN 0854041397)).
- Millhauser, Milton,  The Scriptural Geologists: An Episode in the History of Opinion, Osiris, Vol. 11,The University of Chicago Press, p. 70
- "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 21 January 2011.[permanent dead link]
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). . Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 783.
- "JOHN Kidd (1775-1851)". British Medical Journal. 2 (4733): 734. September 1951. PMC 2069801. PMID 14869708.