John Kirwan (rugby)
|Birth name||John James Patrick Kirwan|
|Date of birth||16 December 1964|
|Place of birth||Auckland, New Zealand|
|Height||1.92 m (6 ft 4 in)|
|Weight||92 kg (14 st 7 lb)|
|Notable relative(s)||Jack Kirwan (grandfather)|
Niko Kirwan (son)
John Ah Kuoi (brother-in-law)
|Rugby league career|
|Rugby union career|
Sir John James Patrick Kirwan KNZM MBE (born 16 December 1964) is a New Zealand mental health advocate, former rugby union and rugby league player, and former rugby union coach.
A wing, he played for Auckland in the 1980s and 1990s, when they dominated New Zealand rugby. He played in 63 tests for New Zealand, and scored 35 tries, making him one of the highest try scorers in international rugby union history. He was part of the New Zealand team that won the first Rugby World Cup in 1987. He also played rugby league for the Auckland Warriors in their first two seasons in 1995 and 1996.
After retiring, he moved into coaching, and was the head coach of Japanese club NEC, the Italy and Japan national teams, and the Blues in Super Rugby, until he stepped down in 2015.
He has written two books on the subject of mental health, has spoken openly about his battles with depression and been honoured for his services to mental health.
Early life and family
Kirwan was born in Auckland on 16 December 1964, the son of Patrick and Patricia Madeline Kirwan. He was educated at De La Salle College in Auckland.
His paternal grandfather, Jack Kirwan, was a wing three-quarter/five-eighths originally from Reefton who played for the New Zealand rugby league team on 28 occasions.
Kirwan played for Marist Brothers Old Boys RFC and Auckland domestically, winning 142 caps with the latter during an era when the side dominated the NPC and Ranfurly Shield.
From 1985 to 1989 he also played in Italy, with Benetton Treviso, where he won the Italian championship in 1989. Also in the Treviso team was the All Black Craig Green, Kirwan's teammate in the 1987 World Cup won by New Zealand.
After his spell in rugby league, he finished his rugby union playing career with NEC in Japan from 1997–1999.
Kirwan played 63 test matches for New Zealand from 1984 until 1994. Kirwan played a major role in the All Blacks’ 23-test unbeaten run from 1987 to 1990, including winning the 1987 World Cup. He scored 10 tries in five tests against Wales and Australia during 1988. In all he scored 35 test tries for New Zealand. He also scored 67 tries in all appearances with the All Blacks (including non test matches) which is still the national record. His total of 199 first class tries remains a New Zealand record.
In 1986 Kirwan and David Kirk were the only All Blacks not to join the 'rebel' New Zealand Cavaliers team that travelled to apartheid-era South Africa after a New Zealand court held that the All Blacks' playing in that country would be inconsistent with their mission of promoting rugby. As a result, he and Kirk were the only ones not barred from playing with the All Blacks after the tour.
At age 30 Kirwan signed for the newly formed rugby league club Auckland Warriors for the 1995 ARL season, with a mutual option for 1996. Playing on the wing, Kirwan was the Warriors' top try scorer in the 1996 season. He was a staunch opponent of the ARL during the Super League war.
Kirwan coached NEC Green Rockets in Japan, and in 2001 became an assistant coach with the Auckland Blues.
In 2002, he moved to Italy to become the coach of the Italy national team, which under his guidance recorded two victories over Wales in 2003 and Scotland in 2004. After a winless 2005 Six Nations campaign, he was dismissed on 8 April 2005. He continued to work as a consultant with NEC.
At the start of 2007 he was appointed the coach of the Japan national rugby union team. Kirwan said: "The level of rugby has improved greatly in Japan in the last ten years and they did well at the last World Cup. But their recent performances at national level have [not been good]. I want to find that 'Samurai Spirit' that all the players can identify with. And then that style of rugby can start to spread downwards throughout the country." At the 2007 Rugby World Cup, Japan drew 12–12 with Canada, breaking a 16-year, 13-match losing streak at World Cups. Kirwan remained head coach of Japan through the 2011 Rugby World Cup, when they again drew with Canada, but lost to New Zealand, France and Tonga.
In July 2012, Kirwan was announced as the new coach of the Blues. In the 2013 and 2014 seasons, the Blues finished in 10th place. After re-applying for the role for 2016 and beyond, he was forced to step down following just three wins - an all-time franchise low - in the 2015 season. In 2018 he stated that he is not likely to coach again.
Kirwan has openly spoken of his battle with depression, and is actively involved in mental health and depression awareness campaigns in New Zealand. He has written about his depression in the books All Blacks Don't Cry and Stand by Me. He has established the Sir John Kirwan Foundation to help young people understand mental health. In 2020 he launched a mental wellbeing app called Mentemia.
Kirwan is married to Fiorella, Lady Kirwan, and they have three children: Francesca, a beach volleyball player; Niko, who has played football for the All Whites, New Zealand's national team, and Luca, who has represented New Zealand internationally in rowing at under-23 level. Kirwan speaks fluent Italian and good Japanese, having lived in Italy and Japan.
In 2016, Kirwan's DNA heritage was investigated for a television programme, in which links to the American Kennedy family and Scottish mountaineer Alexander Kellas were shown.
Honours and awards
In the 1989 New Year Honours, Kirwan was appointed a Member of the Order of the British Empire, for services to rugby.
In the 2007 Queen's Birthday Honours, Kirwan was appointed an Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit, for services to mental health. In the 2012 Queen's Birthday and Diamond Jubilee Honours, he was promoted to Knight Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit, for services to mental health and rugby.
Also in 2012, Kirwan was inducted into the New Zealand Sports Hall of Fame.
- ^ John Ah Kuoi at Ah Kuoi Kirwan Insurance
- ^ "Patricia Madeline (Pat) Kirwan death notice". The New Zealand Herald. 19 February 2019. Retrieved 19 February 2019.
- ^ a b Knight, Lindsay. "John Kirwan". New Zealand Rugby Museum. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
- ^ Steve Mascord and Wynne Gray (8 March 1995). "Kirwan switch a coup for Warriors". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- ^ Koslowski, Michael (23 April 1995). "Worrier Kirwan blows one, makes two". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- ^ Mascord, Steve (26 February 1996). "Breakaway club in Paris a possibility for Kirwan". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
- ^ "Kirwan to coach Japan".
- ^ "NZ rugby great Sir John Kirwan doubts he will coach again as Blues experience takes its toll". 26 June 2018.
- ^ Kirwan, John (2010). All Black's don't cry : a story of hope. North Shore, N.Z.: Penguin. ISBN 978-0-14-320480-0.
- ^ "Karapiro Sandcourts to host 2019 Waikato Beach Volleyball Open". Stuff. 10 January 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
- ^ "John Kirwan's son Niko set to be named in All Whites squad - reports". Newshub. Retrieved 10 March 2018.
- ^ "Luca Kirwan". World Rowing. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
- ^ "John Kirwan unlocks family secrets on DNA Detectives". Stuff (Fairfax). 15 November 2017.
- ^ "No. 51580". The London Gazette (3rd supplement). 31 December 1988. p. 34.
- ^ "Queen's Birthday honours list 2007". Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. 4 June 2007. Retrieved 28 February 2020.
- ^ "The Queen's Birthday and Diamond Jubilee Honours List 2012". New Zealand Honours Lists. Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Archived from the original on 4 June 2012. Retrieved 30 June 2012.
- The outdoors cookbook: John Kirwan & Annabel Langbein’s favourite barbecue and grill recipes (1989) ISBN 0-908757-06-9
- Kirwan: running on instinct (1992) ISBN 1-86947-107-5
- Why I am: a bag full of wisdom to take on the road (c1999) ISBN 1-86953-440-9
- All Blacks Don’t Cry: A Story of Hope (2010) ISBN 978-0-14-320480-0
- 1964 births
- Living people
- Auckland rugby union players
- Benetton Rugby players
- Expatriate rugby union players in Italy
- Expatriate rugby union players in Japan
- Italy national rugby team coaches
- Japan national rugby team coaches
- Knights Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit
- Green Rockets Tokatsu players
- New Zealand expatriate rugby union players
- New Zealand expatriate sportspeople in Italy
- New Zealand expatriate sportspeople in Japan
- New Zealand international rugby union players
- New Zealand Members of the Order of the British Empire
- New Zealand people of Irish descent
- New Zealand rugby league players
- New Zealand rugby union coaches
- New Zealand rugby union players
- New Zealand Warriors players
- People educated at De La Salle College, Māngere East
- Rugby league players from Auckland
- Rugby league wingers
- Rugby football people awarded knighthoods
- Rugby union players from Auckland
- Rugby union wings
- World Rugby Hall of Fame inductees
- Mental health activists