John L. Hall Jr.

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John Lesslie Hall Jr.
John L Hall Jr during Normandy.jpg
Rear Admiral Hall on board USS Ancon during the Normandy invasion, June 1944.
Nickname(s)"Viking of Assault"
BornApril 11, 1891
Williamsburg, Virginia, United States
DiedMarch 6, 1978 (aged 86)
Scottsdale, Arizona, United States
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service1913–1953
RankFlag of a United States Navy admiral.svg Admiral
Commands heldUSS Childs
USS Asheville
USS Arkansas
Northwest African Sea Frontier
Amphibious Force, North African Waters
11th Amphibious Force
Task Force 55
Amphibious Force, Pacific Fleet
Western Sea Frontier
Pacific Reserve Fleet
Armed Forces Staff College
Battles/warsWorld War I
World War II
AwardsNavy Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Army Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Merit (2)
RelationsJohn Lesslie Hall (father)

Admiral John Lesslie Hall Jr. (11 April 1891 – 6 March 1978) was a senior officer of the United States Navy, who served during World War II.

Biography[edit]

Education[edit]

Hall, son of the literary scholar John Lesslie Hall, was born in Williamsburg, Virginia, and attended The College of William & Mary for three years before transferring to the U.S. Naval Academy where he graduated in 1913. He starred in American football for three seasons at William and Mary and four years at the Naval Academy. He excelled in three sports at the Academy and was awarded the coveted "Academy Sword" for athletic excellence.[1]

Early career[edit]

As a junior officer he served in the battleships North Dakota and Utah. During World War I he trained engineering personnel on the battleship Illinois, and was engineering officer of the destroyer Philip. During the years following the war he had sea duty, mainly in destroyers, and served ashore as a Naval Academy instructor.[2]

From the mid-1920s until 1934, Hall was successively an Aide to the Naval District commandant at Charleston, South Carolina, Executive Officer of the submarine tender Camden, Commanding Officer of the destroyer Childs, spent three years with the Naval Academy's physical training and athletics programs, and was a Navigation Officer on the battleship Wyoming.[2]

Promoted to commander in 1934, he went to the Far East to serve in heavy cruiser Augusta, and then commanded the gunboat Asheville, and a destroyer division. During the late 1930s Hall was at the Naval War College, initially as a student, then as a member of the staff. In July 1940 he achieved the rank of captain and was given command of the battleship Arkansas. This was followed by staff duty with elements of the Atlantic Fleet.[2]

World War II[edit]

In mid-1942 Hall was appointed rear admiral for the invasion of Morocco,[2] and was the chief of staff of the Western Naval Task Force during the North African landings in 1942, receiving the Distinguished Service Medal for opening ports and preventing sabotage while commander of Northwest African Sea Frontier.[1]

In February 1943, he became commander of Amphibious Force, North African Waters (Eighth Fleet), expertly cross-training army artillerymen and navy gunners so that his ships' call-fire missions could be conducted in direct support of troop advances rather than at "targets of opportunity." His concept proved devastating to enemy forces and tank divisions as he led one of the major assault forces engaged in the Sicilian Occupation (9–12 July 1943) and the bitterly contested landings at Salerno (9–21 September 1943).[1]

These bold achievements brought him two awards of the Legion of Merit. In November 1943, he took command of the 11th Amphibious Force in the United Kingdom, earning the Army's Distinguished Service Medal for his leadership of amphibious Force "O" which landed and effectively supported the Army V Corps on the Omaha Beach sector off the coast of Normandy in June 1944. He received a second Navy Distinguished Service Medal for command of the Southern Attack Force (Task Force 55) during the Okinawa campaign. In October 1945, he became commander of Amphibious Force, Pacific Fleet,[1] receiving the rank of vice admiral a few months later.[2]

Postwar[edit]

After the war he was commandant of the Fourteenth Naval District and, in 1948, commandant of the Armed Forces Staff College at Norfolk, Virginia. From August 1951 until his retirement in May 1953, he was commander of Western Sea Frontier, with additional duty as commander of Pacific Reserve Fleet.[1] On leaving active duty, he was advanced to the rank of full admiral on the basis of his combat awards.[2]

General of the Army Dwight Eisenhower, the Allied Supreme Commander of all Allied forces on the Western Front during World War II, gave Hall the nickname "Viking of Assault". General George Patton, who was often a tough critic of fellow military leaders, heaped high praise on him.[1]

Admiral Hall died on 6 March 1978 at the age of 86.[2] The papers of Admiral Hall can be found in the Special Collections Research Center at the College of William & Mary.[3]

Namesakes[edit]

The guided-missile frigate USS John L. Hall (FFG-32) (launched 1981) was named in his honor.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Admiral John Lesslie Hall Jr". hall.navy.mil. Retrieved 14 August 2010.[permanent dead link]
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "USS John L. Hall (FFG32)". navsource.org. Retrieved 14 August 2010.
  3. ^ "John Lesslie Hall Jr. Papers, 1893–1973". Special Collections Research Center, Swem Library, College of William & Mary. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
Military offices
Preceded by
Delos C. Emmons
Commandant of the Armed Forces Staff College
1948–1951
Succeeded by
Andrew D. Bruce