John Lancaster Spalding
|John Lancaster Spalding|
|Bishop of Peoria|
|See||Diocese of Peoria|
|In office||May 23, 1877 – September 11, 1908 (retired)|
|Successor||Edmund Michael Dunne|
|Ordination||December 19, 1863|
|Born||June 2, 1840
Lebanon, Kentucky, USA
|Died||August 25, 1916
Peoria, Illinois, USA
John Lancaster Spalding (June 2, 1840 – August 25, 1916) was an American author, poet, advocate for higher education, the first bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Peoria from 1877 to 1908 and a co-founder of The Catholic University of America.
Peoria's Catholic high school for boys, Spalding Institute, was named for him; the school was closed in 1989 during the Peoria Notre Dame High School merger. Spalding Hall at The Catholic University of America is also named for him.
He was born on June 2, 1840 in Lebanon, Kentucky and ordained a priest at age 23, on December 19, 1863, in the Diocese of Louisville. His uncle, Martin John Spalding, later became Bishop of Louisville then Archbishop of Baltimore, but did not live to see John himself become bishop.
On November 11, 1876, Pope Pius IX appointed Spalding as the bishop of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Peoria, newly created out of part of the then-Diocese of Chicago. He was installed as the first Bishop of Peoria on May 23, 1877 by Cardinal John McCloskey, Archbishop of New York, with Thomas Patrick Roger Foley, Coadjutor Bishop of the Diocese of Chicago presiding.
As bishop, Spalding greatly valued education. He was instrumental in the founding of The Catholic University of America in Washington, D.C., as well as several Catholic schools in Peoria. He also oversaw the construction of St. Mary's Cemetery just outside Peoria (now in West Peoria, Illinois).
Bishop Spalding achieved national prominence for helping President Theodore Roosevelt and J. P. Morgan to end the Great Coal Strike of 1902 as a member of the Arbitration Commission that awarded the miners a retroactive 10% wage increase and reduced daily work hours from 10 to 9.
Spalding became paralyzed from a stroke in 1905 and, as a result, retired on September 11, 1908 at the age of 68 and was appointed Titular Bishop of Scythopolis, by Pope Pius X. He died on August 25, 1916, aged 76.
- Essays and Reviews
- Lectures and Discourses
- Education and the Higher Life
- The Poet's Praise (as Henry Hamilton)
- Opportunity and Other Essays (as Henry Hamilton)
- Aphorisms and Reflections
- John Lancaster Spalding, Historic Peoria
- "Bishop John Lancaster Spalding †". Catholic-Hierarchy. 2007-10-06. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Archbishop Martin John Spalding †". Catholic-Hierarchy. 2007-10-06. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- Aspell, Albina. "Bishop John Lancaster Spalding". The Catholic Post. Roman Catholic Diocese of Peoria. Retrieved 2008-01-12.
- "Peoria". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- Doris K. Goodwin, The Bully Pulpit (Simon & Schuster, 2013) p. 318
- Curti, Merle. The Social Ideas of American Educators (1935) pp 348-73
- Sweeney, David Francis. The Life of John Lancaster Spalding: First Bishop of Peoria, 1840-1916 (Vol. 1. Herder and Herder, 1966)
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|Catholic Church titles|
|Bishop of Peoria
1877 – 1908
Edmund Michael Dunne
|Titular Bishop of Scythopolis
1908 – 1916