John Landy

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John Landy
John Landy 1956b.jpg
Landy in 1956
26th Governor of Victoria
In office
1 January 2001 – 7 April 2006
MonarchElizabeth II
PremierSteve Bracks
LieutenantLady Marigold Southey
Preceded bySir James Gobbo
Succeeded byDavid de Kretser
Personal details
Born
John Michael Landy

(1930-04-12)12 April 1930
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Died24 February 2022(2022-02-24) (aged 91)
Castlemaine, Victoria, Australia
SpouseLynne Fisher
Alma materUniversity of Melbourne
OccupationAthlete, governor
Sports career
Height182 cm (6 ft 0 in)
Weight69 kg (152 lb)
SportAthletics
Event(s)1500 m – 3 miles
ClubGeelong Guild Athletics Club, Belmont, Victoria
Sports achievements and titles
Personal best(s)1500 m – 3:41.8 (1954)
3 miles – 13:27.4 (1956)[1][2]
Mile – 3:57.9 (3:58 rounded up) (1954)

John Michael Landy AC CVO MBE FTSE OLY (12 April 1930 – 24 February 2022) was an Australian middle-distance runner and state governor. He was the second man to break the four-minute mile barrier in the mile run and held the world records for the 1500-metre run and the mile race. He was also the 26th Governor of Victoria from 2001 to 2006.

Early life and education[edit]

Landy was born in Melbourne, Victoria, on 12 April 1930,[3] and attended Malvern Memorial Grammar School and Geelong Grammar School. He was initially more interested in nature, and Australian rules football, though in his final year won the 'All Public Schools Mile Championship".[4] He graduated from the University of Melbourne in 1954, receiving a Bachelor of Agricultural Science.[5]

Athletics[edit]

During his school years, Landy enjoyed watching middle-distance track events. He became a serious runner during his university years, joining the Geelong Guild Athletic Club in 1949. He was coached by Percy Cerutty, who trained him to cut his time for running a mile down to 4 minutes, 11 seconds, earning himself a place on the Australian Olympic team at the 1952 Summer Olympics in Helsinki.[6][4] While at the Helsinki Olympics, Landy befriended Emil Zatopek, the Czech triple gold medal-winning runner, who persuaded him to increase the intensity of his training programme. He became faster still.[4]

On 21 June 1954, at an international meet at Turku, Finland, Landy became the second man, after Roger Bannister, to achieve a sub-4-minute mile. He achieved a world record time of 3:57.9, ratified by the IAAF as 3:58.0 owing to the rounding rules then in effect. He held this record for more than three years.[7]

Landy ran his second sub-4-minute mile on August 7, at the 1954 British Empire and Commonwealth Games, held in Vancouver, British Columbia. He lost the Mile Race to Roger Bannister, who had his best-ever time. This was the first time in history that two men had run a mile in under four minutes in the same race.[4] This meeting of the world's two fastest milers was alternately called "The Miracle Mile", the "Race of the Century", and the "Dream Race"; it was heard over the radio by 100 million people and seen on television by millions more.[8] On the final turn of the last lap, as Landy looked over his left shoulder, Bannister passed him on the right. A larger-than-life bronze sculpture of the two men at this moment was created by Vancouver sculptor Jack Harman in 1967 from a photograph by Vancouver Sun photographer Charlie Warner and stood for many years at the entrance to Empire Stadium; after the stadium was demolished, the sculpture was moved to the Hastings and Renfrew entrance of the Pacific National Exhibition (PNE) fairgrounds. In 2015, it returned to the site of the stadium.[9] Regarding this sculpture, Landy quipped that "While Lot's wife was turned into a pillar of salt for looking back, I am probably the only one ever turned into bronze for looking back."[10]

At the 1956 Australian National Championships prior to the Melbourne Olympic Games, in the final of the mile race, Landy stopped and doubled back to check on fellow runner Ron Clarke after another runner clipped Clarke's heel, causing him to fall early in the third lap of the race. Landy, who was close behind, leaped to clear his body but scraped his spikes on Clarke's shoulder. Clarke, the then-junior mile world record holder, had been leading the race. Landy apologised, helped him back to his feet and they both started running again. In the final two laps Landy made up the deficit and somehow won the race.[4] The National Centre for History and Education in Australia said that "[i]t was a spontaneous gesture of sportsmanship and it has never been forgotten."[11] Sculptor Mitch Mitchell created a bronze sculpture of the moment when Landy helps Clarke to his feet. The sculpture was dedicated in June 2002 and is on Olympic Boulevard, Olympic Park in Melbourne.[12]

Governor of Victoria[edit]

Landy (right) with Roger Bannister in 2004

On 1 January 2001, Landy was sworn in as the 26th Governor of Victoria, succeeding Sir James Gobbo.[13] He was appointed by Queen Elizabeth II on the recommendation of Premier of Victoria Steve Bracks,[14] who remained premier throughout his term. Landy retired as governor on 7 April 2006, and was succeeded by David de Kretser.[15] On 15 March 2006, in the final month of his term as governor, Landy was the final runner in the Queen's Baton relay during the 2006 Commonwealth Games opening ceremony at the Melbourne Cricket Ground stadium in Melbourne, presenting the baton to the Queen.[16]

Other accomplishments[edit]

Landy worked as senior manager at ICI Australia, and had a public speaking career. For eight years (1971–78), he served on the Victorian Land Conservation Council, contributing to debates and recommendations about the balanced use of public land across Victoria.[17] Landy authored two books on natural history: Close to Nature (1984) and A Coastal Diary (Pan Macmillan Australia, 1993).[18]

Landy was commissioner-general for the Australian pavilion at Expo 86 Vancouver. On 12 February 2009, he was appointed the chair of the Victorian Bushfire Appeal Fund Advisory Panel.[19] He stood down from the position on 7 September that same year.[20]

Death[edit]

Landy died on 24 February 2022 at his home in Castlemaine, Victoria, aged 91.[21][22] He had Parkinson's disease for a period of time.[23]

Honours and awards[edit]

Landy in 1954

In 1949 and 1950, Landy played Australian rules football for Dookie College[24] when he was at the University of Melbourne's Dookie College campus and won the 1950 Central Goulburn Valley Football League's best and fairest award.[25]

In 1955, Landy was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire (MBE) for services to amateur athletics in Australia,[26][27] was awarded the Australian Sports Medal in 2000,[28] and in 2001 was awarded the Centenary Medal,[29] made a Companion of the Order of Australia (AC),[30] and a Knight of Grace of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of St John of Jerusalem. In 2006 he was appointed a Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (CVO) during the Queen's visit to Australia.[31] Landy was inducted into the Sport Australia Hall of Fame in 1985.[16]

Over the years, Landy was awarded honorary degrees, the first being a Doctor of Laws from the University of Victoria in 1994 then, in 1997, a Doctor of Rural Science from the University of New England,[32] followed by a Doctor of Laws from the University of Melbourne in 2003, and Doctor of Laws from Deakin University in 2009.[33]

On 12 July 2008, Landy was the guest speaker at his club's centenary dinner held in North Geelong. He had been a life member of the Geelong Guild Athletic Club since April 1958. Named after Landy, Landy Field in South Geelong is the Geelong region's major athletic facility.[34] East Doncaster Secondary College has a VCE centre dedicated in Landy's honour.[35] Central Park, in Malvern East, Melbourne, has a sports oval dedicated to Landy with a plaque which reads in part "Named in honour of John Landy, resident of Central Park Road, who used this oval for his training."[36]

In media[edit]

In the 1988 television miniseries The Four Minute Mile, detailing the rivalry between Landy and Roger Bannister, Landy was portrayed by actor Nique Needles.[37]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Evans, Hilary; Gjerde, Arild; Heijmans, Jeroen; Mallon, Bill; et al. "John Landy". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020.
  2. ^ "John Landy". trackfield.brinkster.net.
  3. ^ "John Landy". commonwealthgames.com.au. 17 June 2020. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  4. ^ a b c d e "John Landy Obituary". The Times. Retrieved 7 April 2022.
  5. ^ University of Melbourne (2003). Honorary Degree – Mr John Landy Archived 13 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 26 October 2010.
  6. ^ IOC 1956 Summer Olympics. Olympic.org (6 September 2016). Retrieved on 20 September 2017.
  7. ^ Litsky, Frank; McDonald, William (25 February 2022). "John Landy Dies at 91; Dueled Roger Bannister in 'Mile of the Century'". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  8. ^ Radio broadcast of the Miracle Mile. The broadcast from an actual radio transcription disc of the time.
  9. ^ The rebirth of Empire Fields. Vancouversun.com (17 July 2015). Retrieved on 20 September 2017.
  10. ^ Kelly, Malcolm (23 December 2009). "How soon we forget our hallowed moments". web.archive.org: CBC Sports. Archived from the original on 24 September 2016. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  11. ^ The Finest Sporting Gesture in the History of Sport? . Hyperhistory.org. Retrieved on 20 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Sportsmanship". monumentaustralia.org.au. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  13. ^ "Governors of Victoria". governor.vic.gov.au. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  14. ^ "Former miler John Landy named as next Governor of Victoria state". worldathletics.org. Associated Press. 8 August 2000. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  15. ^ Lucas, Clay (20 January 2006). "Victoria's new governor named". The Age. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  16. ^ a b "John Landy". Sport Australia Hall of Fame. Retrieved 25 September 2020.
  17. ^ Danielle Clode (2006) As if for a thousand years: A history of Victoria's Land Conservation and Environment Conservation Councils, Victorian Environmental Assessment Council
  18. ^ Mr John Landy, University of Melbourne.
  19. ^ TheAustralian.news.au, "Bereavement fund for bushfire victims".
  20. ^ "Landy steps down as bushfire appeal fund chief". ABC News. 8 September 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  21. ^ "John Landy, responsible for Australia's 'finest sporting moment of the century', dies aged 91". ABC News. 25 February 2022. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  22. ^ Shefferd, Neil (25 February 2022). "Second man to break four-minute mile barrier Landy dies aged 91". InsideTheGames.biz. Retrieved 26 February 2022.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  23. ^ "John Landy, second man to break 4-minute mile, dies at 91". OlympicTalk | NBC Sports. 25 February 2022. Retrieved 27 February 2022.
  24. ^ "1954 - Landy played with Dookie College". Benalla Ensign. 24 June 1954. p. 10. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
  25. ^ "1950 - Central Goulburn FL - Best & Fairest Award". Shepparton Advertiser. 5 September 1954. p. 2. Retrieved 16 July 2020 – via Trove Newspapers.
  26. ^ Australia list: "No. 40367". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1954. p. 41.
  27. ^ "Mr John Michael Landy". It's an Honour. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  28. ^ "Mr John Landy, MBE". It's an Honour. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  29. ^ "Mr John Michael Landy". It's an Honour. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  30. ^ "His Excellency John Michael Landy, MBE". It's an Honour. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  31. ^ It's an Honour – Commander of the Royal Victorian Order
  32. ^ "Honorary Degree Recipients". University of New England. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  33. ^ "Landy to receive honorary doctorate". World Athletics. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  34. ^ "John Landy Athletics Field". Victorian Masters Athletics. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  35. ^ "The John Landy Centre". East Doncaster Secondary College. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  36. ^ "John Landy". monumentaustralia.org.au. Retrieved 26 February 2022.
  37. ^ Roberts, Jerry (2009). Encyclopedia of Television Film Directors. Scarecrow Press. p. 199. ISBN 9780810863781.

Further reading[edit]

Records
Preceded by Men's 1500 metres World Record Holder
21 June 1954 – 28 July 1955
Succeeded by
Preceded by Men's Mile World Record Holder
21 June 1954 – 19 July 1957
Succeeded by
Government offices
Preceded by Governor of Victoria
2001–2006
Succeeded by