John Lennox

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John Lennox
John Lennox 2015 (cropped).jpg
Lennox in 2015
John Carson Lennox

(1943-11-07) 7 November 1943 (age 79)
Armagh, Northern Ireland
Alma mater
Scientific career
FieldsGroup theory
Doctoral advisorJames Roseblade
Doctoral studentsHoward Smith

John Carson Lennox (born 7 November 1943) is a Northern Irish mathematician, bioethicist and Christian apologist. He has written many books on religion, ethics, the relationship between science and faith (like his books, Has Science Buried God and Can Science Explain Everything), and has had numerous public debates with atheists including Richard Dawkins and Christopher Hitchens.

He retired from professorship where he specialised in group theory. He is Emeritus Professor of Mathematics[2] at the University of Oxford and an Emeritus Fellow in Mathematics and Philosophy of Science at Green Templeton College, Oxford University. He is also an Associate Fellow of the Saïd Business School and a Senior Fellow at the Trinity Forum.

Early life[edit]

John Lennox was born on 7 November 1943 in Northern Ireland and brought up in Armagh where his father ran a store.[3] He attended The Royal School, Armagh, and went on to become Exhibitioner and Senior Scholar at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, where in 1962 he also attended the last lectures of C. S. Lewis on the poet John Donne. Lennox obtained Master of Arts and Doctor of Philosophy degrees at the University of Cambridge with the dissertation Centrality and Permutability in Soluble Groups (1970).[4] He was awarded a Doctor of Science degree in mathematics by Cardiff University for his research. Lennox also holds a Doctor of Philosophy degree from the University of Oxford (by incorporation)[5] and an M.A. degree in bioethics at the University of Surrey.[6]


Upon completing his doctorate, Lennox moved to Cardiff, Wales, becoming a reader in Mathematics at the University of Wales, Cardiff. Lennox also teaches science and religion in the University of Oxford. During his 29 years in Cardiff he spent a year at each of the universities of Würzburg, Freiburg (as an Alexander von Humboldt Fellow), and Vienna, and has lectured extensively in both Eastern and Western Europe, Russia and North America on mathematics, apologetics, and the exposition of scripture.

Lennox is the author of a number of books on the relations of science, religion, and ethics. His most recent works are: Being Truly Human (2018), Determined to Believe? (2018) and Against the Flow (2015). Titles being released early in 2019 include Finding Ultimate Reality, Joseph and Can science explain everything? He has published over 70 peer-reviewed articles on mathematics, co-authored two Oxford Mathematical Monographs, and worked as a translator of Russian mathematics.

He has spoken in many different countries, in conferences and as an academic fellow, including numerous trips to the former Soviet Union.[citation needed] On 14 March 2012 he presented an edition of the Lent Talks for BBC Radio Four. Lennox has also given lectures at the Veritas forum on topics such as the relationship between science and religion,[7][8] the existence of God,[9] doubt, and the problems of evil and suffering.[10] Additionally, he is a Senior Fellow of The Trinity Forum, a Christian nonprofit organisation that develops leaders to make contributions to cultural renewal.


Lennox (left) debating religion with Christopher Hitchens in Alabama, March 2009

Lennox has been part of numerous public debates defending the Christian faith, including debates with Christopher Hitchens, Michael Shermer, Richard Dawkins, Lawrence Krauss, Peter Atkins, Victor Stenger, Michael Tooley, Stephen Law, and Peter Singer.

Personal life[edit]

Lennox speaks English, Russian, French, and German. He is married to Sally and has three children and 10 grandchildren.[11] He has a brother named Gilbert Lennox, an elder in Glenabbey Church, Glengormley. The hymn writer and recording artist Kristyn Getty is John's niece, being Gilbert's daughter.


  • Lennox, John C.; Stonehewer, Stewart E. (1987). Subnormal subgroups of groups. Oxford: Clarendon. ISBN 978-0-19-853552-2.
  • ———; Gooding, David W. (1997). Key Bible Concepts. Port Colborne: Gospel Folio Press. ISBN 9781882701414.
  • ———; Gooding, David W. (1997). Christianity: Opium or Truth?. Port Colborne: Gospel Folio Press. ISBN 9781882701469.
  • ———; Gooding, David W. (2001). The Definition of Christianity. Port Colborne: Gospel Folio Press. ISBN 9781882701421.
  • ———; Robinson, Derek J. S. (2004). The Theory of Infinite Soluble Groups. Clarendon Press. p. 458. ISBN 978-0-19-850728-4.
  • ——— (2009). God's Undertaker: Has Science Buried God? (Updated ed.). Lion UK. pp. 224. ISBN 978-0-7459-5371-7.
  • ——— (2011). Seven Days That Divide the World: The Beginning According to Genesis and Science. Zondervan. p. 192. ISBN 978-0-310-49217-7.
  • ——— (2011). God and Stephen Hawking: Whose Design Is It Anyway? (1st ed.). Lion UK. p. 96. ISBN 978-0-7459-5549-0.
  • ——— (2011). Gunning for God: A Critique of the New Atheism (1st ed.). Lion UK. p. 248. ISBN 978-0-7459-5322-9.
  • ———; Gooding, David W. (2015). The Bible & Ethics. Myrtlefield Encounters. Vol. 4. Ontario: Myrtlefield House. ISBN 978-1874584575.
  • ——— (2015). Against the Flow: The Inspiration of Daniel in an Age of Relativism (1st ed.). Monarch Books. p. 416. ISBN 978-0857216212.
  • ——— (2017). Determined to Believe: The Sovereignty of God, Freedom, Faith, and Human Responsibility (1st ed.). Monarch Books. p. 352. ISBN 978-0857218728.
  • ———; Gooding, David W. (2018). Being Truly Human: The Limits of Our Worth, Power, Freedom and Destiny. The Quest for Reality and Significance. Vol. 1. Belfast: Myrtlefield House. ISBN 978-1912721016. {{cite book}}: External link in |series= (help)
  • ———; Gooding, David W. (2018). Finding Ultimate Reality: In Search of the Best Answers to the Biggest Questions. The Quest for Reality and Significance. Vol. 2. Belfast: Myrtlefield House. ISBN 978-1912721061.
  • ———; Gooding, David W. (2019). Questioning Our Knowledge: Can We Know What We Need to Know?. The Quest for Reality and Significance. Vol. 3. Belfast: Myrtlefield House. ISBN 978-1912721115.
  • ———; Gooding, David W. (2019). Doing What's Right: The Limits of Our Worth, Power, Freedom and Destiny. The Quest for Reality and Significance. Vol. 4. Belfast: Myrtlefield House. ISBN 978-1912721214.
  • ———; Gooding, David W. (2019). Claiming to Answer: How One Person Became the Response to Our Deepest Questions. The Quest for Reality and Significance. Vol. 5. Belfast: Myrtlefield House. ISBN 978-1912721269.
  • ———; Gooding, David W. (2019). Suffering Life's Pain: Facing the Problems of Moral and Natural Evil. The Quest for Reality and Significance. Vol. 6. Belfast: Myrtlefield House. ISBN 978-1912721160.
  • ——— (2019). Can Science Explain Everything?. The Good Book Company. ISBN 978-1784984113.
  • Lennox, John (April 2020). Where is God in A Coronavirus World?. The Good Book Company. ISBN 9781784985691.
  • Lennox, John (2020). 2084: Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Humanity. Zondervan. ISBN 9780310109563.


  1. ^ "About John C. Lennox". Retrieved 18 September 2014.
  2. ^ "Recognition of Distinction". Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford. 29 July 2008. Retrieved 15 July 2009.
  3. ^ Billen, Andrew (17 November 2010). God is a person not a theory. The Times.
  4. ^ Mathematics Genealogy Project
  5. ^ Having a doctorate from both Cambridge and Oxford makes Lennox what Ghil'ad Zuckermann calls an "Oxbridge Paradox": Lennox belongs to the rare group of people who hold a "pair o' docs" (sounding like "paradox" but meaning "two doctorates") – a D.Phil. (Oxon.) and a PhD (Cantab.) – from both Oxford and Cambridge universities (commonly abbreviated as Oxbridge) - see -->Biography.
  6. ^ "About John Lennox". Website. Archived from the original on 3 May 2012. Retrieved 13 May 2012.
  7. ^ "Has Science Buried God?". Veritas Forum. 16 September 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Has Science Buried God". Veritas Forum. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  9. ^ "God: Fact or Fiction?". Veritas Forum. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  10. ^ "Why is there suffering in the world?". The Veritas Forum. Retrieved 3 October 2016.
  11. ^ a b "The God Delusion Debate (Dawkins-Lennox)". Fixed Point Foundation. Archived from the original on 17 August 2009.
  12. ^ Naomi Schaefer Riley (12 October 2007). "A Revelation: In Alabama, A Civil Debate Over God's Existence". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 3 November 2016.
  13. ^ Joanna Sugden (4 October 2007). "Richard Dawkins Debates in the Bible Belt". Times Online. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  14. ^ "Conversation between Richard Dawkins and John Lennox". Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  15. ^ "Dawkins-Lennox Radio Interview at Trinity College". Fixed Point Foundation. Archived from the original on 14 December 2010. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  16. ^ "Edinburgh International Festival 2008 Looks To European Identity". Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  17. ^ "New Europe, New Atheism?". Wet Lenses. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  18. ^ "The Great Debate: Does God Exist?". Centre for Public Christianity. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  19. ^ "Public Lectures, forums and debates with Dr. John Lennox" (PDF). Centre for Public Christianity. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 July 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  20. ^ "Has Science Buried God?". Fixed Point Foundation. Archived from the original on 30 December 2009. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  21. ^ "Has Science Buried God?". BBC Oxford. 15 October 2008. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  22. ^ Melanie Phillips (12 June 2008). "Huxley-Wilberforce, Round Two". The Spectator. Archived from the original on 7 November 2010. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  23. ^ "Is God Great?". Fixed Point Foundation. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  24. ^ Greg Garrison (28 February 2009). "Christopher Hitchens argues against existence of God at Samford University in Birmingham, Alabama". The Birmingham News. Archived from the original on 8 March 2010. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  25. ^ Katherine Weaver (4 March 2009). "Christian and atheist face off in debate". The Samford Crimson. Retrieved 3 November 2009.[permanent dead link]
  26. ^ "Review of Lennox / Singer Debate: Is There A God?". ISCAST. Archived from the original on 6 January 2016. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
  27. ^ "Is There A God?". Fixed Point Foundation. Retrieved 1 September 2015.
  28. ^ "Peter Singer vs John Lennox: Is There a God?". YouTube. Retrieved 24 September 2021.

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