John Longley

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sir John Longley
Born 1867
Died February 1953
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1887–1920
Rank Major-General
Commands held 1st East Surreys
82nd Infantry Brigade
10th (Irish) Division
44th Home Counties Division
Battles/wars Second Boer War
First World War
Second World War
Awards Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Mentioned in Dispatches (10)

Major General Sir John Raynsford Longley KCMG CB (1867 – February 1953) was a British Army officer who reached high command during World War I.

Military career[edit]

Educated at Cheltenham College,[1] Longley was commissioned into the East Surrey Regiment in 1887 and served in the Second Boer War.[2] He was appointed Commanding Officer of 1st East Surreys and went to France in August 1914 at the start of World War I and fought in the Battle of Mons, Battle of Le Cateau, Battle of the Marne, Battle of the Aisne, Battle of La Bassée and Battle of Armentières.[1] He was appointed Commander of 82nd Infantry Brigade early in 1915 and General Officer Commanding 10th (Irish) Division in December 1915[3] before becoming General Officer Commanding the 44th Home Counties Division in 1919 before retiring in 1920.[2]

He was recalled at the start of World War II and served in Dover Garrison.[1]

Honours and Awards[edit]

Ord.St.Michele-Giorgio.png Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG)
Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George (CMG)
Order of the Bath UK ribbon.png Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB)
Queens South Africa Medal 1899-1902 ribbon.png Queen's South Africa Medal With four clasps
1914 Star BAR.svg 1914 Star With clasp 5th Aug - 22nd Nov 1914
British War Medal BAR.svg British War Medal
Victory Medal MID ribbon bar.svg Victory Medal With palm for Mentioned in Dispatches
Defence Medal ribbon.png Defence Medal
War Medal 1939–1945 (UK) ribbon.png War Medal 1939–1945
King George V Coronation Medal ribbon.png King George V Coronation Medal 1911
GeorgeVSilverJubileum-ribbon.png King George V Silver Jubilee Medal 1935
GeorgeVICoronationRibbon.png King George VI Coronation Medal 1937
UK Queen EII Coronation Medal ribbon.svg Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal 1953
EGY Order of the Nile - Grand Officer BAR.png Grand Officer of the Order of the Nile (Egypt)
Commendatore SSML Regno BAR.svg Commander of the Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus (Italy)


Military offices
Preceded by
Bryan Mahon
General Officer Commanding the 10th (Irish) Division
Succeeded by
George Gorringe