John Louis Taylor
|First Chief Justice of the State of North Carolina|
January 1, 1819 – January 29, 1829
|Succeeded by||Leonard Henderson|
|Born||March 1, 1769|
|Died||January 29, 1829 (aged 59)|
Raleigh, North Carolina
|Resting place||Oakwood Cemetery in Raleigh, NC|
|Alma mater||College of William and Mary, read law under George Wythe|
John Louis Taylor (March 1, 1769 – January 29, 1829) was an American jurist and first chief justice of the North Carolina Supreme Court.
Taylor was elected to represent Fayetteville, North Carolina in the North Carolina House of Commons in 1792, 1794 and 1795. He became a state Superior Court judge in 1798 and turned over most of his law practice to his brother-in-law, young William Gaston, who later became a North Carolina Supreme Court judge and U.S. Congressman.
Before 1818, several North Carolina Superior Court judges met en banc twice each year, to review appeals and disputes from their own trial courts. This was eventually called the "Supreme Court." Taylor sat as part of this Court often and in 1810 was chosen as its chief justice. When the North Carolina General Assembly decided to create a full-time, distinct Supreme Court in 1818, the legislators chose three men to make up the new Court: Taylor, Leonard Henderson, and John Hall. The three met and elected Taylor to once again assume his title of chief justice. He served on the Court until his death, near Raleigh, in 1829. Taylor is buried in Historic Oakwood Cemetery.
Taylor was a prominent Freemason and served as Grand Senior Warden of North Carolina, while William R. Davie was Grand Master, and he himself served as Grand Master from 1802–1804 and from 1814-1816. He was a member of Phoenix Lodge No. 8, A.F. & A.M., Fayetteville, North Carolina.
His publications include:
- The North Carolina Law Repository (two volumes, 1814–16)
- Term Reports (1818)
- On the Duties of Executors and Administrators (1825)
- "Portrait of Chief Justice John Louis Taylor". Raleigh, North Carolina, USA: North Carolina Supreme Court Historical Society. Retrieved 2011-01-19.
- List of Grand Lodge of NC Officers
- An Address Delivered to Phoenix Lodge No. 8 at the Dedication of their Present Lodge Building by James Banks, June 24, A. L. 5858, A. D. 1858
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- John Baxton Flowers, III; Mary Alice Hinson (July 1975). "Elmwood" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 2015-05-01.
- North Carolina Historical Marker
- North Carolina Historical Marker for Taylor's home, Elmwood
- North Carolina Manual
- North Carolina History Project (About Gaston)
- UNC Library (About Gaston)
- Masonic History
- North Carolina Reports, NC Supreme Court, 1919
- NC Supreme Court Historical Society
- "Past Grand Lodge Elective Officers". Grand Lodge of North Carolina. Archived from the original on 2010-12-15. Retrieved 2010-12-22.