John Lucas Miller
John Lucas Miller, Jr. (1831 in Ebenezer, South Carolina - May 6, 1864) was an attorney and state legislator in South Carolina who served as a Colonel in the Army of Northern Virginia and was killed at the Battle of the Wilderness during the American Civil War.
Miller's father, John Lucas Miller (1795-1838) and his uncle Stephen Decatur Miller both served as delegates to the Nullification Convention during the South Carolina Nullification Crisis of 1832-1833. His uncle also served as governor of South Carolina and United States Senator from South Carolina. Stephen Decatur Miller's daughter, and thus John Lucas Miller, Jr.'s cousin, was the noted Civil War diarist Mary Boykin Miller Chesnut.
Legislator and lawyer
Miller volunteered for military service for the Confederate States of America at the beginning of the Civil War, and organized a volunteer infantry company. Initially serving as a captain, he commanded a unit of skirmishers on September 17, 1862 during the Battle of Antietam (called the Battle of Sharpsburg in the south), assigned to locate Union Army positions.
After the Battle of Fredericksburg, he was promoted to Colonel, and assigned to command the 12th South Carolina Infantry after the previous commander resigned. This unit was part of Colonel Abner Monroe Perrin's First Brigade of a division commanded by General William Dorsey Pender. Miller first led this unit at the Battle of Chancellorsville, and in the aftermath of this significant Confederate victory, was assigned to March 2000 Union prisoners to Richmond, Virginia. He completed this assignment without a single prisoner escaping.
General Pender was killed during the Battle of Gettysburg in July, 1863. Although his regiment had 20 men killed at Gettysburg, Miller survived the defeat and helped organize the Confederate retreat. In the days that followed, the 12th Regiment lost another 18 men killed in the Battles of Hagerstown and Falling Water during the retreat from Gettysburg.
Miller was killed at the Battle of the Wilderness along with 15 other men of his regiment. He was wounded by a minie ball in the bowels on May 5, 1864 and died in a field hospital before the following morning. It was said that he "commanded the respect of officers and men by his courage and conscientiousness, and acquired many friends by his affable and courteous deportment".
- State papers on nullification: including the public acts of the Convention of the people of South Carolina, assembled at Columbia, November 19, 1832, and March 11, 1833; the proclamation of the President of the United States, and the proceedings of the several state legislatures which have acted on the subject. Dutton and Wentworth. 1834. p. 32.
- Reports and resolutions of South Carolina to the General Assembly. 1854.
- Siegler, Robert S. (2008). South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States: The upstate. History Press. ISBN 978-1-59629-194-2.
- Caldwell, J.F.J. (1866). The history of a brigade of South Carolinians, known first as 'Gregg's', and subsequently as 'McGowan's brigade'. Philadelphia: King & Baird.
- The War of the Rebellion: v. 1-53 (serial no. 1-111) Formal reports, both Union and Confederate, of the first seizures of United States property in the southern states, and of all military operations in the field, with the correspondence, orders and returns relating specially thereto. Washington, DC: United States War Department. 1880–1898. p. 996.
- McCrady, Edward (1888). Heroes of the old Camden district, South Carolina, 1776-1861: An address to the survivors of Fairfield County, delivered at Winnsboro, S.C., September 1st, 1888. Wm. Ellis Jones.
- Sears, Stephen W. (2004). Gettysburg. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. ISBN 978-0-618-48538-3.