John Luce (Royal Navy officer)

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John Luce
Born 4 February 1870
Died 22 September 1932 (aged 62)
Allegiance United Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branch  Royal Navy
Rank Rear Admiral
Commands held HMS Glasgow
Central Depot and Training Establishment
HMS Ramillies
Flag Officer Malta
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Companion of The Most Honourable Order of the Bath
Spouse(s) Mary Dorothea Tucker
Other work High Sheriff of Wiltshire

Rear Admiral John Luce CB (4 February 1870 – 22 September 1932) was a senior officer in the Royal Navy during and after the First World War. He played a significant role in the early development of British naval aviation and held command during the Battle of Coronel and the Battle of the Falkland Islands in the South Atlantic.

Early and family life[edit]

John Luce was born on 4 February 1870 at Halcombe,[1] Malmesbury in the English county of Wiltshire. In 1902, he married Mary Dorothea Tucker[2] and they had three children. The eldest Alfred was born on 6 November 1903 and also joined the Navy, and was XO of HMS Norfolk during the pursuit of the German battleship Bismarck. He died in a training exercise on 20 October 1941.[3] Alfred had two daughters.[4]Sir John David Luce was born on 23 January 1906 and also joined the Navy, becoming First Sea Lord from 1963 to 1966.[5] Sir William Luce was born the following year and in later life became the Governor of Aden from 1956 to 1960.[2]

His great-granddaughter is comedian and actress Miranda Hart.

Naval career[edit]

In June 1909, Luce was promoted to Captain[6] and from October 1910 to January 1912 he was the captain of the battleship Hibernia.[7]

In September 1912, Luce took command of HMS Glasgow, a light cruiser.[8] and was still in command at the start of the First World War. In November 1914, he took part in the Battle of Coronel in the South Atlantic. During the Battle, Glasgow together with the cruisers HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth, engaged the German East Asia Cruiser Squadron, including the new cruisers SMS Scharnhorst and SMS Gneisenau. The German light cruisers had only 4.1 in (100 mm) guns, which had left Glasgow relatively unscathed, but these were now joined by the 8.2-inch guns of Gneisenau. Luce determined that nothing was to be gained by staying and attempting to fight. It was noticed that each time he fired, the flash of his guns was used by the Germans to aim a new salvo, so he also ceased firing. One compartment of the ship was flooded, but she could still manage 24 kn (28 mph; 44 km/h). He returned first to Monmouth, which was now dark but still afloat. Nothing was to be done for the ship, which was sinking slowly but would attempt to beach on the Chilean coast. Glasgow turned south and departed.[9] Having inflicted little damage on the enemy, Glasgow escaped with moderate damage considering that an estimated 600 shells were fired at her, although the other British cruisers were lost with all hands.

The following month, Luce, still commanding Glasgow, took part in the Battle of the Falkland Islands. During the battle Glasgow and the armored cruiser HMS Cornwall had chased down the German light cruiser SMS Leipzig; Glasgow closed to finish Leipzig which had run out of ammunition but was still flying her battle ensign. Leipzig fired two flares, so Glasgow ceased fire. At 21:23, more than 80 mi (70 nmi; 130 km) southeast of the Falklands, Leipzig rolled over, leaving only 18 survivors.

On 15 March 1915, Luce cornered SMS Dresden, which was scuttled at the end of the Battle of Más a Tierra in neutral waters.

In 1917, Luce was appointed Commodore of the Royal Naval Air Service's Central Depot and Training Establishment at Cranwell. However, the following year when Cranwell became part of the newly founded Royal Air Force, Luce was replaced by Brigadier-General Briggs who had transferred from the Navy to the RAF.[10]

In February 1919, Luce took command of HMS Ramillies and remained as captain until some point in 1920.[11]

Towards the close of 1921, Luce was appointed Admiral Superintendent, Malta Dockyard.[12] After he had retired, Luce served as High Sheriff of Wiltshire from 1930 to 1931.[2][13]

Luce died on 22 September 1932 at Little Cheverell House near Devizes. There is a memorial to Luce in Malmesbury Abbey.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b National Maritime Museum
  2. ^ a b c The Peerage
  3. ^ CWGC
  4. ^ Royal Navy (RN) Officers 1939-1945
  5. ^ Liddell Hart
  6. ^ Admirals.org
  7. ^ The Dreadnought Project: H.M.S. Hibernia (1905).
  8. ^ Captains Commanding Royal Navy Warships p. 120 Archived 14 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ Robert K. Massie. Castles of Steel. p. 233.
  10. ^ Haslam, E B (1982). The history of Royal Air Force Cranwell. London: HMSO. p. 10. ISBN 0-11-772359-2. 
  11. ^ Captains Commanding Royal Navy Warships p. 45 Archived 14 July 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  12. ^ "No. 13768". The Edinburgh Gazette. 13 December 1921. p. 2170. 
  13. ^ Royal Navy Senior Appointments p. 128 Archived 15 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
C Maclachlan
Captain of HMS Hibernia
October 1910-January 1912
Succeeded by
E H Grafton
Preceded by
M R Hill
Captain of HMS Glasgow
September 1912-November 1916
Succeeded by
A C H Smith
Preceded by
G M Paine
Commodore of the Central Depot and Training Establishment
1917-March 1918
Succeeded by
H D Briggs
As GOC No. 12 Group
Preceded by
E P F G Grant
Captain of HMS Ramillies
February 1919-1920
Succeeded by
A C H Smith
Preceded by
Brian Barttelot
Admiral Superintendent, Malta Dockyard
1921–1924
Succeeded by
Charles Johnson
Honorary titles
Preceded by
R W Awdry
High Sheriff of Wiltshire
1930-1931
Succeeded by
C B Fry