John M. Dowd
John M. Dowd
John Maguire Dowd
February 11, 1941
|Education||Southern Benedictine College (BA)|
Emory University (JD)
|Known for||Dowd Report|
|Service/||United States Marine Corps|
John Maguire Dowd (born February 11, 1941) is an American lawyer, former attorney for the United States Department of Justice, and former Marine Corps JAG. Dowd was employed by several law firms in the Washington, D.C. area for his expertise in defending clients accused of white-collar crimes. He was appointed by Major League Baseball (MLB) to lead the special counsel in multiple investigations with the organization in the 1980s and 1990s involving sports betting and bribery, the most notable investigation being the Dowd Report in 1989, which resulted in Pete Rose being banned from baseball for life.
From June 2017 to March 2018, Dowd was a legal advisor to President Donald Trump. On March 22, 2018, Dowd resigned as Trump's lead counsel in the special counsel investigation into Russian election interference and possible ties to Trump associates.
Dowd was born in Brockton, Massachusetts, to parents Mary and Paul Dowd. As a boy, he became fascinated with the writings of lawyer Clarence Darrow. During the summers, Dowd worked at Sankaty Head Golf Club on Nantucket Island where he became acquainted with trial attorney Edward Bennett Williams. Dowd received his B.A. cum laude from then St. Bernard College in 1963 and J.D. from Emory University School of Law in 1965. Joining the United States Marine Corps,[when?] Dowd served in the Judge Advocate Division and was promoted to the rank of captain.
Tenure with Department of Justice
Dowd joined the Department of Justice in 1969. Working for the Department of Justice, Dowd was a trial attorney for the tax division and later as a chief of an Organized Crime Strike Force from 1974–1978. His early career at the Department of Justice involved working on the tax evasion case of mobster Meyer Lansky, the prosecution of Small Business Administration bribery cases in Virginia, and internal investigations involving financial corruption by Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) officials. One internal investigation of FBI officials in particular dealt with former FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover that began in 1976, four years after his death. Dowd described in a 1993 interview on Frontline that the investigation revealed, "Hoover had taken, at taxpayers' expense, goods and services provided by employees of the FBI."
Dowd also helped implement and trained FBI officers and U.S. Attorneys' offices the Racketeer Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act (RICO). The first case that tested the strength of the RICO laws was tried by Dowd.
In 1977 and 1978, Dowd led an investigation of Pennsylvanian Congressman Daniel J. Flood.:263 Dowd questioned Flood's former aide, Steve Elko, who accused Flood on a number of federal contracts in exchange for cash kickbacks and also mentioned Pennsylvanian Congressman Joshua Eilberg's law firm handling the contract negotiations for a federal grant to Hahnemann University Hospital.:263 The discovery of evidence involving Congressman Eilberg coincided with the firing of U.S. Attorney, David W. Marston.:263 Dowd was then assigned to investigate Eilberg while the Flood investigation later expanded to include RICO violations.:264
In April 1979, The Wall Street Journal reporter Jim Drinkhall, wrote an article accusing federal prosecutors Dowd and William M. Kramer of developing and implementing an unethical plan to force a convicted felon, Samuel Ray Calabrese, to cooperate with the government against other organized crime figures. Following its publication, the Department of Justice launched an investigation that ultimately cleared Dowd and Kramer of wrongdoing. Drinkhall later published a second article in December 1979 where he accused Dowd and Kramer of investigating him. Dowd and Kramer filed a libel suit against Dow Jones for $5 million and was settled for $800,000 in 1984 before going to trial.
Following his departure at the Department of Justice in 1978, Dowd was hired by the law firm Whitman & Ransom as a partner in their Washington, D.C. office to represent defendants accused of white-collar crimes. He exited Whitman & Ransom to join Heron, Burchette, Ruckert & Rothwell in 1984. Dowd left Heron Burchette in 1990 and joined Akin Gump Strauss Hauer & Feld where he later became partner. Dowd has set up his own practice, John M. Dowd, in Washington
Dowd represented Robert Reckmeyer in a 1985 federal trial for distribution of illegal drugs. Reckmeyer pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 17 years in prison, but later reduced to 14 years. Reckmeyer petitioned to vacate his sentence accusing Dowd that he requested and knowingly accepted illegally sourced funds as fees for his services. The grand jury brought no charges to Dowd and no action was taken by District of Columbia Bar. Reckmeyer appealed the case to Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals which affirmed the lower court's decision and later denied an en banc.
Dowd represented Arizona Senator John McCain during the Senate Ethics Investigation known as the Keating Five in hearings held in 1990 and 1991. John McCain was cleared for impropriety by the Senate committee, but was reprimanded and criticized for his poor judgment.:6
Akin Gump was retained by Archer Daniels Midland (ADM) during the lysine price-fixing conspiracy to develop a defense strategy following the FBI raid of ADM's offices in June 1995.:354 Dowd interviewed employee Mark Whitacre for four hours who at the time was an informant for the FBI. Whitacre told Dowd about his role as an informant and Dowd immediately informed ADM's management, who in retaliation, accused Whitacre of embezzlement.:355 The film, The Informant!, which is based on the lysine price-fixing conspiracy, Dowd was portrayed by stand-up comedian Bob Zany.
Arizona governor Fife Symington retained Dowd as an adviser when he faced questioning from United States House Committee on Financial Services over the Savings and loan crisis in the late-1980s and early-1990s on using his position improperly to access loans with favorable terms. Dowd represented Symington during the latter's trial for extortion and bank fraud in 1996 and 1997, of which he was convicted for bank fraud. Symington was convicted on 7 of the 21 counts and acquitted on 3, with the other 11 resulting in a hung jury. His conviction was reversed by the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals in 2000. Symington was later pardoned by President Bill Clinton in 2001. Symington had once saved an intoxicated 19 year old Bill Clinton from a rip tide off of Massachusetts.
Dowd represented Monica Goodling in the dismissal of U.S. attorneys overseen by Attorney General, Alberto Gonzales. Goodling was advised by Dowd to invoke the fifth and avoid testifying to Congress about the firing of eight U.S. attorneys. Dowd said that the investigation was "hostile".
From June 2017 until March 2018, Dowd was a personal attorney representing President Donald Trump in the special counsel investigation into possible collusion between Russia and the Trump campaign. Dowd recommended to President Trump that attorney Ty Cobb be added to his legal team to manage matters with the special counsel.
On December 2, 2017, the day after Mike Flynn pled guilty in federal court and agreeing to cooperate with the special counsel's investigation, controversy erupted over Trump's tweeting about firing Flynn. It was reported Dowd had drafted the tweet that stated Trump had to fire General Flynn after he lied to the Vice President and the FBI. Dowd did not comment and referred reporters to fellow Trump attorney Ty Cobb's statement; however, Cobb said nothing about lying to the FBI being a factor in Flynn's firing. Legal commentators quickly raised the question of whether, in fact, Trump knew Flynn lied to the FBI when he fired him in February 2017. Ten days prior on November 22, Dowd sent a voicemail to Rob Kelner, a lawyer of Mike Flynn, in which Dowd asked for a "heads up" of where the special counsel's probe was headed. The Department of Justice released a transcript of the voicemail on May 31, 2019.
On March 22, 2018, Dowd resigned as Trump's lead lawyer in the Russia inquiry. Dowd cited Trump's repeatedly ignoring advice, clashing over legal strategy, and the recent hire of attorney Joseph diGenova to the legal team as justification for his resignation, while Trump cited his lack of confidence in Dowd to handle the investigation.
Dowd was the Special Counsel to the Commissioner of Baseball that led to the banning of MLB player and manager Pete Rose for the Cincinnati Reds. In his role as Special Counsel to the Commissioners, Peter Ueberroth and subsequently A. Bartlett Giamatti, he submitted a 225-page report in May 1989, which detailed Rose's betting on baseball games in the 1980s. The report led to Rose's being placed on baseball's ineligible list in August 1989, even though "no evidence was discovered that Rose bet against the Reds" according to Dowd. Dowd mentioned in a 2002 ESPN interview that he "probably did". Rose later filed a defamation suit against Dowd in July 2016 after comments Dowd made in a radio interview in mid-2016 alluding to Rose engaging in statutory rape. A sworn statement was filed in July 2017 in Dowd's defense alleging that Rose had a sexual relationship with a minor. The case was dismissed in December 2017 after both parties settled out of court for undisclosed terms.
In additional to investigating Rose, Dowd scrutinized several members of MLB for betting. Dowd investigated outfielder Lenny Dykstra over allegations of betting on baseball games in 1991. Dykstra was cleared, but admonished for his gambling addiction. Manager Don Zimmer and two umpires, Rich Garcia and Frank Pulli, were given two years probation in 1989 for sports betting. The investigation was kept secret until 2002 when the New York Daily News disclosed it.
At the request of Baseball Commissioner Fay Vincent, Dowd was assigned to compile a report on New York Yankees owner George Steinbrenner's $40,000 payment to Howard Spira to dig up dirt on outfielder Dave Winfield in 1990. His work led to Vincent banning Steinbrenner's day-to-day operations of the Yankees on July 30, but was later sued by Yankees' minority owners Harold M. Bowman and Daniel R. McCarthy. The suit where Bowman and McCarthy sought $30,000 in damages from Dowd was thrown out in court in early 1991 by District Judge Robert W. Sweet.
During the Mitchell Report, which looked into the culture of steroid abuse in MLB, Dowd brought up allegations against former Maine Senator George J. Mitchell about the independence of the probe. It was after the release of the report that Dowd was convinced that Mitchell had done a good job.
- Timeline of investigations into Trump and Russia (2017)
- Timeline of investigations into Trump and Russia (2018)
- Schmidt, Michael S.; Haberman, Maggie (March 22, 2018). "John Dowd Resigns as Trump's Lead Lawyer in Special Counsel Inquiry". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- Grimaldi, James V. (January 12, 2004). "Pete Rose's Accuser Opens Up". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
- Libby, Terry Ward (November – December 2008). "Creative Collaboration". Cape Cod View. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- "John M. Dowd". thedowdreport.com. Retrieved June 16, 2017.
- Auerbach, Stuart (October 30, 1978). "More Firms Now Hiring Criminal Law Specialists". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
- Babcock, Charles R. (March 1, 1978). "U.S. Lawyer in Marston Case Eyed for Va. Post". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
- Endrst, James (February 8, 1993). "Pbs Documentary Ties Fbi Chief Hoover To Corruption, Mob Figures". Hartford Courant. Retrieved March 30, 2018.
- Kashatus, William C. (2010). Dapper Dan Flood: The Controversial Life of a Congressional Power Broker. University Park, Pennsylvania: Penn State University Press. ISBN 978-0-271-03618-2.
- Babcock, Charles R. (March 2, 1978). "Dash Rules Out U.S. Attorney's Post". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
- Drinkhall, Jim (April 11, 1979). "Ordeal at McNeil: Federal Lawmen Plan an Unpleasant Future for Sam Ray Calabrese". The Wall Street Journal.
- Friendly, Jonathan (June 9, 1984). "Journal Settles Libel Suit For $800,000". The New York Times. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
- Drinkhall, Jim (December 12, 1979). "A Reporter's Tale: Aftermath of Article on U.S. Prosecutors". The Wall Street Journal.
- Dowd v. Calabrese, 589 F. Supp. 1206 (D.D.C. 1984) ("Presently pending before the Court, and decided herein, are defendants' motions for summary judgment with respect to each of the five claims in the Kramer-Dowd suit...").
- Reckmeyer v. US, 709 F. Supp. 680 (E.D. VA April 5, 1989).
- Skrzycki, Cindy (January 23, 1990). "Firm of Heron Burchette Loses Lawyers to Akin Gump". The Washington Post. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
- Jordan, Mary (January 19, 1985). "Va. Drug Case Bond Denied". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
- Jordan, Mary (April 27, 1985). "Drug Ring Kingpin Sentenced To Serve 17 Years in Prison". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
- Jordan, Mary (August 30, 1985). "Reckmeyer's Prison Term Is Cut". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
- Sexton, Joe (June 27, 1989). "The Pete Rose Inquiry; Dowd Served Both Sides in Court". The New York Times. Retrieved January 4, 2018.
- US v. Reckmeyer, 900 F.2d 257, 26 (4th Cir. 1990) ("We therefore agree with the district court that on the facts as pleaded Reckmeyer knowingly and voluntarily waived his right to conflict-free representation by Dowd.").
- Marcus, Ruth (April 20, 1987). "Iran Affair is a Boon to Lawyers". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- Granelli, James S. (September 21, 1991). "Sen. McCain May Testify at Keating Trial". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 17, 2017.
- Regens, James L.; Gaddie, Ronald Keith (2005). The Economic Realities of Political Reform: Elections and the US Senate. New York City: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-02351-1.
- Connor, John M. (2013). Global Price Fixing: Our Customers are the Enemy. Volume 24 of Studies in Industrial Organization. Norwell, Massachusetts: Kluwer Academic Publishers. ISBN 978-1-4613-0293-3.
- Henkoff, Ronald (February 3, 1997). "I Thought I Was Going to Be a Hero". Fortune. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- Soderbergh, Steven (director) (September 18, 2009). The Informant! (Motion picture). United States: Soderbergh, Steven. ASIN B0031OCY2E.
- Labaton, Stephen (February 20, 1992). "Governor in the S. & L. Spotlight". The New York Times. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
- "Arizona Gov. Symington Guilty". CNN. September 3, 1997. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
- Rudin, Ken (January 26, 2001). "I Beg Your Pardon". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 29, 2009.
- FOX 10 Phoenix (May 12, 2014), Fife Symington reflects on his time as Governor, his troubles, and saving Bill Clinton's life, retrieved September 23, 2018
- Cooperman, Alan (March 30, 2007). "Bush Loyalist Rose Quickly at Justice". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 28, 2009.
- ( ) March 27, 2007. Retrieved 2017-06-18.
- Meyerowitz, Steven A. (October 28, 2009). "Indicted Hedge Fund Billionaire Now Defended By John Dowd Of Akin Gump". LexisNexis. Retrieved June 17, 2017.
- Comstock, Courtney (May 11, 2011). "Rajaratnam Lawyer John Dowd Flips Everyone Off, And Says "Look At The Scoreboard! We're Winning!"". Business Insider. Retrieved June 17, 2017.
- Helderman, Rosalind S.; Leonnig, Carol D.; Parker, Ashley (March 22, 2018). "Trump attorney John Dowd resigns amid shake-up in president's legal team". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- Kwong, Jessica (December 5, 2017). "Who Is John Dowd? Trump's Lawyer Has Won High-profile White-collar Criminal Cases". Newsweek. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
- Johnson, Kevin; Jackson, David (July 17, 2017). "Ty Cobb, Donald Trump's newest Russia lawyer, adds legal muscle as investigations widen". USA Today. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
- Herb, Jeremy (December 1, 2017). "Flynn charged with one count of making false statement". CNN. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- Wagner, John; Helderman, Rosalind S.; Dawsey, Josh (December 2, 2017). "Trump says he has nothing to fear from Flynn, then stokes new controversy with tweet". The Washington Post. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- Vazquez, Maegan; Borger, Gloria; Diamond, Jeremy (December 3, 2017). "Trump's lawyer says he was behind President's tweet about firing Flynn". CNN. Retrieved December 3, 2017.
- Reilly, Ryan J. (May 31, 2019). "Trump Lawyer John Dowd Asked Flynn Attorney To Spill On Mueller Probe 'For The Country'". HuffPost. Retrieved May 31, 2019.
- Dowd, John M. (May 9, 1989). "Dowd Report" (PDF). Retrieved June 18, 2017.
- Grant, Alison (June 22, 1989). "'Substantial' evidence Rose bet on baseball, lawyer says". United Press International. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
- "Dowd: Rose 'probably' bet against Reds while manager". ESPN. December 12, 2002. Retrieved June 16, 2010.
- "Pete Rose files federal defamation lawsuit against John Dowd". ESPN. July 6, 2016. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
- Weinbaum, William (July 31, 2017). "Court document alleges that Pete Rose committed statutory rape in the 1970s". ESPN. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
- Rapaport, Daniel (December 15, 2017). "Pete Rose's Defamation Lawsuit Against John Dowd Settled Outside Court". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
- Saraceno, Jon (April 27, 2005). "Keeping Score". USA Today. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
- Wong, Edward; Chass, Murray (March 9, 2002). "Zimmer and Umpires Say an Old Debt Has Been Paid". The New York Times. Retrieved June 18, 2017.
- Smith, Claire (June 27, 1990). "Steinbrenner Report to Stay Private". The New York Times. Retrieved June 17, 2017.
- "Suit Filed to Stymie Vincent : Steinbrenner case: Injunction is sought by two minority owners of Yankees, including owner's lawyer". Associated Press. August 17, 1990. Retrieved June 17, 2017.
- Smith, Claire (December 11, 1991). "Yank-Related Suit vs. Vincent Dropped". The New York Times. Retrieved June 17, 2017.
- Dodd, Mike (March 31, 2006). "Is George Mitchell independent enough?". USA Today. Retrieved June 17, 2017.
- Walker, Childs (December 11, 2007). "Some question Mitchell as report draws near". Baltimore Sun.
- "Obituaries". The Washington Post. March 4, 2006. Retrieved January 5, 2018.