John M. Hayes (scientist)
|John M. Hayes|
John Hayes at the Royal Society admissions day in July 2016
|Born||John Michael Hayes|
6 September 1940
Seattle, Washington, U.S.
|Died||3 February 2017 (aged 76)|
Berkeley, California, U.S.
|Thesis||Techniques for high resolution mass spectrometric analysis of organic constituents of terrestrial and extraterrestrial samples (1966)|
|Doctoral advisor||Klaus Biemann|
Hayes was educated at Iowa State University graduating with a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemistry in 1962. He completed his postgraduate education in analytical chemistry at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) where he was awarded a PhD in 1966 for analysis of organic constituents of terrestrial and extraterrestrial samples using mass spectrometry supervised by Klaus Biemann.
Career and research
Hayes made the first measurements of the distribution of the isotopes of carbon within biolipids. This innovation provided a foundation for new studies of the pathways of carbon in natural environments, both modern and ancient.
Because the production of organic matter requires concomitant production of O₂ or some other oxidized product, Hayes’s studies of the carbon cycle bear strongly on the development of the global environment and provide evidence about the timing of evolutionary events such as the development of O₂-producing photosynthesis.
For 26 years he was Professor in the departments of chemistry and geology at Indiana University Bloomington, then moved to Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. During his career he has held academic appointments at Harvard University, the University of California, Los Angeles and the University of California, Berkeley.
Awards and honours
Hayes was elected a member of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States in 1998 and received the Alfred E. Treibs Award and V. M. Goldschmidt Award from the Geochemical Society in 1998 and 2002, respectively. With Geoffrey Eglinton he was awarded the Urey Medal from the European Association for Geochemistry in 1997. He was elected a Foreign Member of the Royal Society (ForMemRS) in 2016.
- Anon (2016). "Dr John Hayes ForMemRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 2016-04-29. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where:
“All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.” --"Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies". Archived from the original on September 25, 2015. Retrieved 2016-03-09.
- "Curriculum Vitae: John Michael Hayes, born 6 September 1940" (PDF). Woods Hole: whoi.edu. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-05-23.
- "People Finder: John Hayes, Scientist Emeritus". Woods Hole, Massachusetts: whoi.edu. Archived from the original on 2016-05-23.
- Hayes, John M.; Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe; Sylva, Sean P.; Brewer, Peter G.; DeLong, Edward F. (1999). "Methane-consuming archaebacteria in marine sediments". Nature. 398 (6730): 802–805. doi:10.1038/19751. PMID 10235261.
- John M. Hayes's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
- Hayes, John Michael (1966). Techniques for high resolution mass spectrometric analysis of organic constituents of terrestrial and extraterrestrial samples (PhD thesis). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. OCLC 18679992. (subscription required)
- Kelley, D. S. (2005). "A Serpentinite-Hosted Ecosystem: The Lost City Hydrothermal Field". Science. 307 (5714): 1428–1434. doi:10.1126/science.1102556. PMID 15746419.
- Hayes, John M. (2001). "Fractionation of Carbon and Hydrogen Isotopes in Biosynthetic Processes". Reviews in Mineralogy and Geochemistry. 43 (1): 225–277. doi:10.2138/gsrmg.43.1.225.
- Hayes, John M.; Strauss, Harald; Kaufman, Alan J. (1999). "The abundance of ¹³C in marine organic matter and isotopic fractionation in the global biogeochemical cycle of carbon during the past 800 Ma". Chemical Geology. 161 (1–3): 103–125. doi:10.1016/S0009-2541(99)00083-2.
- Hayes, J.M.; Freeman, Katherine H.; Popp, Brian N.; Hoham, Christopher H. (1990). "Compound-specific isotopic analyses: A novel tool for reconstruction of ancient biogeochemical processes". Organic Geochemistry. 16 (4–6): 1115–1128. doi:10.1016/0146-6380(90)90147-R. PMID 11540919.
- Hayes, John M; Waldbauer, Jacob R (2006). "The carbon cycle and associated redox processes through time". Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 361 (1470): 931–950. doi:10.1098/rstb.2006.1840. PMC 1578725. PMID 16754608.
- "John Hayes : Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution". Obituary. Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. 6 February 2017. Retrieved 8 February 2017.