John Mackay (Australian pioneer)
|Born||26 March 1839|
Inverness, Inverness-shire, Scotland
|Died||11 March 1914|
South Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
|Occupation||Explorer, Sailor, Harbourmaster|
John Mackay (26 March 1839 in Inverness, Scotland – 11 March 1914) was an explorer, sailor and harbourmaster, best known for founding the city of Mackay in Australia. He was associated with Henry Ling Roth.
Mackay led an exploration party who was the first Europeans to cross the Clarke Range west of Mackay. He also participated in blackbirding, the practise of coercing and kidnapping South Sea Islanders as slave labourers.
The city of Mackay is named after him.
- Shilton, Peter (2005). Natural areas of Queensland. Mount Gravatt, Queensland: Goldpress. p. 103. ISBN 0-9758275-0-2.
- "'Blackbirding' shame yet to be acknowledged in Australia". The Sydney Morning Herald. Sydney. 3 June 2013. Archived from the original on 22 September 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2016.
- Mackay Captain John — Brisbane City Council Grave Location Search. Retrieved 18 September 2012.
- "Mackay (entry 20426)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 15 May 2014.
- H. L. Roth, The Discovery and Settlement of Port Mackay (Halifax, 1908)
- G. C. Bolton, A Thousand Miles Away (Brisb, 1963)
- Various articles in the Mackay Daily Mercury
- Mackay, John (1839 - 1914) Biographical Entry - Australian Dictionary of Biography Online at www.adb.online.anu.edu.au
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