John Magruder (Brigadier General)
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John Magruder in the prewar photo.
June 3, 1887|
|Died||April 30, 1958(aged 70)|
|Place of burial||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1910-1946|
|Commands held||Deputy Director (Intelligence), OSS|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal|
John Magruder was born on June 3, 1887 in Woodstock, Virginia. He attended Virginia Military Institute and graduated in 1909. He was commissioned a Second lieutenant in Infantry in 1910. He was transferred to the Field Artillery branch of the Army in the next year.
After the war Magruder was transferred to China, where he was appointed an Assistant Military Attaché in Beijing. He served in this capacity until 1924, when he was assigned for study at Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. After his graduation, Magruder was transferred back to Beijing, now in the new capacity of Military Attaché.
During World War II Magruder served in the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), as Deputy Director under the leadership of General William J. Donovan. After the war, the OSS was disbanded. Core elements of it, however, were maintained in the new Strategic Services Unit (SSU), located in the then Department of War. This newly formed SSU was led by General Magruder. In 1947 the civilian Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was created, which absorbed the SSU.
|Army Distinguished Service Medal|
|World War I Victory Medal with four service stars|
|American Defense Service Medal|
|American Campaign Medal|
|Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal|
|European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal|
|World War II Victory Medal|
- L. L. Montague, Walter Bedell Smith as Director of Central Intelligence (2014), p. 21 (Magruder at OSS).
- Peer de Silva, Sub Rosa. The CIA and the uses of intelligence (1978), p. 4 (Magruder at OSS, SSU).
- John Ranelagh, The Agency (1986), pp. 100-101 (Magruder at OSS, SSU).
- Thomas Powers, The Man who kept the Secrets. Richard Helms and the CIA (1979), p. 28 (Magruder at SSU).
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