John Magruder (Brigadier General)
This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. (Learn how and when to remove these template messages)(Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Director of the Strategic Services Unit|
October 1, 1945 – April 3, 1946
|Preceded by||William Donovan (Office of Strategic Services)|
|Succeeded by||William W. Quinn|
June 3, 1887|
Woodstock, Virginia, U.S.
|Died||April 30, 1958
Washington, D.C., U.S.
|Resting place||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Education||Virginia Military Institute (BA)|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1910–1946|
|Battles/wars||World War I
World War II
|Awards||Army Distinguished Service Medal|
John Magruder was born on June 3, 1887 in Woodstock, Virginia. He attended Virginia Military Institute and graduated in 1909. He was commissioned a Second lieutenant in Infantry in 1910. He was transferred to the Field Artillery branch of the Army in the next year.
After the war Magruder was transferred to China, where he was appointed an Assistant Military Attaché in Beijing. He served in this capacity until 1924, when he was assigned for study at Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas. After his graduation, Magruder was transferred back to Beijing, now in the new capacity of Military Attaché.
During World War II Magruder served in the Office of Strategic Services (OSS), as Deputy Director under the leadership of General William J. Donovan. After the war, the OSS was disbanded. Core elements of it, however, were maintained in the new Strategic Services Unit (SSU), located in the then Department of War. This newly formed SSU was led by General Magruder. In 1947 the civilian Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) was created, which absorbed the SSU.
|Army Distinguished Service Medal|
|World War I Victory Medal with four service stars|
|American Defense Service Medal|
|American Campaign Medal|
|Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal|
|European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal|
|World War II Victory Medal|
- L. L. Montague, Walter Bedell Smith as Director of Central Intelligence (2014), p. 21 (Magruder at OSS).
- Peer de Silva, Sub Rosa. The CIA and the uses of intelligence (1978), p. 4 (Magruder at OSS, SSU).
- John Ranelagh, The Agency (1986), pp. 100-101 (Magruder at OSS, SSU).
- Thomas Powers, The Man who kept the Secrets. Richard Helms and the CIA (1979), p. 28 (Magruder at SSU).
as Director of the Office of Strategic Services
|Director of the Strategic Services Unit
William W. Quinn
|This biographical article related to World War II United States Army is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|