John Malcolm Forbes Ludlow

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John Malcolm Forbes Ludlow CB (8 March 1821 – 17 October 1911) was an Anglo-Indian lawyer. He led the Christian socialist movement and founded its newspaper of the same name.


He was born in Nimach,[1] India, where his father worked for the East India Company.[2] He was educated at Merchant Taylors' School,[3] and called to the bar in 1843.[1] Ludlow was influenced by French socialism as he was educated in Paris.

In 1850, he founded and became editor of The Christian Socialist newspaper.[1] He was also a co-founder of the Working Men's College. Most of his work focused on mission work to the poor in London. He promoted mutual cooperation via friendly societies. He was secretary to the royal commission on friendly societies from 1870 to 1874,[1] and served as England's chief registrar of friendly societies from 1875 to 1891.[4] He was one of the first members and subsequently president of the Labour Co-Partnership Association.[1] In 1867 Ludlow co-wrote The Progress of the Working Class, 1832-1867 with Lloyd Jones. He died in London.[1]


Ludlow also advocated a higher place for deaconesses in the church, in his publication Woman's Work in the Church: Historical Notes on Deaconesses and Sisterhoods (1865).[5]

He was appointed a CB in the 1887 Golden Jubilee Honours.


  1. ^ a b c d e f Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1922). "Ludlow, John Malcolm Forbes" . Encyclopædia Britannica (12th ed.). London & New York.
  2. ^ Hans Schwarz, Theology in a Global Context: The Last Two Hundred Years, p. 149.
  3. ^ Minchin, J. C. G., Our public schools, their influence on English history; Charter house, Eton, Harrow, Merchant Taylors', Rugby, St. Paul's Westminster, Winchester (London, 1901), p. 195.
  4. ^ Description of the papers of John Ludlow[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ E. R. Norman/H. C. G. Matthew: "Ludlow, John Malcolm Forbes (1821–1911)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford, UK) Retrieved 8 March 2018