John Manners-Sutton, 3rd Viscount Canterbury

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The Right Honourable
The Viscount Canterbury
GCMG KCB
3rdViscountCanterbury.jpg
Lord Canterbury as Governor of Victoria.
Governor of Trinidad
In office
1864–1866
Monarch Queen Victoria
Preceded by Robert William Keate
Succeeded by Hon. Arthur Hamilton-Gordon
Governor of Victoria
In office
1866–1873
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by Sir Charles Henry Darling
Succeeded by Sir George Bowen
Personal details
Born (1814-05-27)27 May 1814
Downing Street, London
Died 24 June 1877(1877-06-24) (aged 63)
Queensberry Place, Kensington, London
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) Georgiana Tompson
(d. 1899)
Alma mater Trinity College, Cambridge

John Henry Thomas Manners-Sutton, 3rd Viscount Canterbury GCMG KCB styled The Honourable John Manners-Sutton between 1814 and 1866 and Sir John Manners-Sutton between 1866 and 1869, was a British Tory politician and colonial administrator.[1]

Background and education[edit]

A member of the Manners family headed by the Duke of Rutland, Manners-Sutton was born at Downing Street, London, the second and youngest son of Charles Manners-Sutton, 1st Viscount Canterbury, Speaker of the House of Commons, by his first wife Lucy, daughter of John Denison. His mother died when he was one year old.[2] He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge, graduating with a MA in 1835.[3] In his youth he played first-class cricket for Cambridge University Cricket Club and Marylebone Cricket Club.[4]

Political career[edit]

Manners-Sutton was returned to Parliament for Cambridge in September 1839. However, in April 1840 his election was declared void. He was returned for the same constituency in 1841 and held it until 1847.[5] He served as Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department from 1841 to 1846 in Sir Robert Peel's second administration.[2]

Colonial governor[edit]

In 1854 Manners-Sutton was appointed Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick,[6] a post he held until 1861.[2] He later served as Governor of Trinidad from 1864 to 1866[2][7] and as Governor of Victoria from 1866 to 1873.[2][8][9] He was appointed a Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath in 1866 and a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George in 1873. In 1869 he succeeded in the viscountcy of Canterbury on the death of his unmarried elder brother.[2]

Family[edit]

He married, on 5 July 1838, Georgiana, youngest daughter of Charles Tompson of Witchingham Hall, Norfolk, by whom he had five sons, and two daughters:

  • Henry Charles, whio succeeded him as Viscount Canterbury;
  • Graham Edward Henry, who died 30 Mav 1888 ;
  • George Kett Henry, who died 2 March 1865 ;
  • John Gurney Henry,
  • Robert Henry, who was called to the bar at the Inner Temple on 7 May 1879
  • Anna Maria Georgiana, who married, on 25 August 1868, Charles Edward Bright, C.M.G., of Toorak, Australia;[1]
  • Mabel Georgiana. [10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Turnbull, Jennifer (1969). "Canterbury, third Viscount (1814–1877)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 3. Canberra: Australian National University. Retrieved 24 November 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f thepeerage.com John Henry Thomas Manners-Sutton, 3rd Viscount Canterbury
  3. ^ "Manners-Sutton, John Henry Thomas (MNRS831JH)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. 
  4. ^ CricketArchive: John Manners-Sutton
  5. ^ leighrayment.com House of Commons: Caernarfon to Cambridgeshire South West
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21568. p. 2080. 4 July 1854.
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 22866. p. 3217. 24 June 1864.
  8. ^ The London Gazette: no. 23118. p. 3066. 22 May 1866.
  9. ^ G. F. R. Barker, 'Sutton, John Henry Thomas Manners-, third Viscount Canterbury (1814–1877)', rev. H. C. G. Matthew, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 , accessed 19 April 2009]
  10. ^  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainBarker, George Fisher Russell (1893). "Manners-Sutton, John Henry Thomas". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 36. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
George Pryme
Thomas Spring Rice
Member of Parliament for Cambridge
1839–1840
With: George Pryme
Succeeded by
George Pryme
Sir Alexander Grant, Bt
Preceded by
George Pryme
Sir Alexander Grant, Bt
Member of Parliament for Cambridge
18411847
With: Sir Alexander Grant, Bt 1841–1843
Fitzroy Kelly 1843–1847
Succeeded by
Robert Adair
Hon. William Campbell
Political offices
Preceded by
Lord Seymour
Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department
1841–1846
Succeeded by
Sir William Somerville, Bt
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Edmund Walker Head, Bt
Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick
1854–1861
Succeeded by
Hon. Arthur Hamilton-Gordon
Preceded by
Robert William Keate
Governor of Trinidad
1864–1866
Succeeded by
Hon. Arthur Hamilton-Gordon
Preceded by
Sir Charles Henry Darling
Governor of Victoria
1866–1873
Succeeded by
Sir George Bowen
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Charles Manners-Sutton
Viscount Canterbury
1869–1877
Succeeded by
Henry Manners-Sutton