John Marshall (surgeon)

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John Marshall
Portrait of John Marshall by Alphonse Legros
Portrait of John Marshall by Alphonse Legros
Born(1818-09-11)11 September 1818
Ely, Cambridgeshire, England
Died1 January 1891(1891-01-01) (aged 72)
Belle Vue House, Chelsea, London, England
Cause of deathprobably bronchopneumonia
Resting placeEly public cemetery
52°24′14″N 0°16′24″E / 52.4038°N 0.2732°E / 52.4038; 0.2732
CitizenshipUnited Kingdom
Alma materUniversity College London
OccupationSurgeon, teacher of anatomy
Known for
Spouse(s)Ellen Rogers (1854–1891)
ChildrenTwo sons, two daughters
John Marshall (surgeon 1818-1891) Signature.svg

John Marshall FRS FRCS (11 September 1818 – 1 January 1891) was an English surgeon and teacher of anatomy.

Early life and education[edit]

John Marshall was born in Ely, Cambridgeshire. He was the second son and third child of the solicitor William Marshall (1776–1842) and Ann Cropley (c.1793–1861), his second wife.


Regarding Marshall's skills as a teacher and lecturer, the opinions of his former students appear to have diverged. One of them, Sir Edward Albert Sharpey-Schafer, described him as "a good surgeon of the old school"[1] and as "a good friend" for whom he had "great respect and liking" but also as an "uninspiring teacher" whose lectures were "desperately dull".[2] However, another former student, Sir John Tweedy, strongly disagreed with Schafer and described Marshall's lectures as "informative and thought-awakening" and Marshall himself as "a cultured, critical and scientific surgeon, ever ready to try new paths and explore avenues of fresh knowledge".[3]


  1. ^ Sharpey-Schafer EA (10 November 1923). "Victor Horsley Lecture: The Late Prof. John Marshall, F.R.S.". The Lancet. 202 (5228): 1058. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(00)55686-4.
  2. ^ Sharpey-Schafer EA (27 October 1923). "The First Victor Horsley Memorial Lecture on the Relations of Surgery and Physiology". The Lancet. 202 (5226): 915–922. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)07666-8.
  3. ^ Tweedy J (3 November 1923). "Victor Horsley Lecture: The Late Prof. John Marshall, F.R.S.". The Lancet. 202 (5227): 1007–1008. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(01)29080-1.

Further reading[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Richard Owen
Fullerian Professor of Physiology
Succeeded by
Thomas Henry Huxley