Sir John Stirling-Maxwell, 10th Baronet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sir John Stirling-Maxwell
John Stirling Maxwell2.jpg
Stirling-Maxwell in 1895
Member of Parliament
for Glasgow College
In office
1895–1906
Preceded bySir Charles Cameron
Succeeded byHenry Anderson Watt
Personal details
Born
John Maxwell Stirling-Maxwell

(1866-06-06)6 June 1866
London, England
Died30 May 1956(1956-05-30) (aged 89)
Pollok House, Glasgow, Scotland
Political partyConservative
SpouseAnn Christian Maxwell
ChildrenAnne Maxwell Macdonald, 11th Baronet
Alma materEton College and Trinity College, Cambridge

Sir John Maxwell Stirling-Maxwell, 10th Baronet, KT, DL, FRSE (6 June 1866 – 30 May 1956) was a Scottish landowner, Tory politician and philanthropist.

Life[edit]

Sir John Stirling Maxwell (1866–1956), 10th Bt by William Bruce Ellis Ranken, Pollok House

The eldest son of Sir William Stirling-Maxwell, 9th Baronet and Lady Anna Maria Leslie-Melville, second daughter of David Leslie-Melville, 8th Earl of Leven and Elizabeth Anne Campbell, he was educated at Eton College and at Trinity College, Cambridge.[1] He succeeded his father to the baronetcy in 1878.

He was Conservative Member of Parliament for the College Division of Glasgow between 1895 and 1906, and later served as Chairman of the Forestry Commission from 1929[2]–1932.[3] He was also Chairman of the Royal Fine Art Commission for Scotland,[4] and a Trustee of the National Galleries of Scotland,[5] Chairman of Ancient Monuments Board. He was a Lieutenant[6] in the Royal Company of Archers and an active Freemason, being a member of The Pollokshaws Royal Arch Lodge No. 153, a founding member of Lodge Blythswood No. 817, and an honorary member of Lodge Pollok, Pollokshields No. 772.[7]

He was a founder member of the National Trust for Scotland (1931),[8] becoming one of its first Vice-Presidents and President from 1943 until his death. He realised the importance of green spaces within a city. In this context, he was determined to protect the Pollok Estate and give the people of Glasgow access to it, which he undertook in 1911.

Stirling-Maxwell was also involved in trying to resolve the protracted problem of finding a home for the art treasures presented to Glasgow in 1944 by Sir William Burrell. After his death, his daughter gave Pollok House, a substantial proportion of the estate and her father's art collection to the Glasgow Corporation. This gift of land eventually allowed the Glasgow city fathers to erect a building to hold the Burrell Collection.

In 1929 he was appointed a Knight of the Thistle.[9] He held the honorary degree of LLD from the University of Glasgow, the University of Aberdeen and Edinburgh University. Hon. RSA; Hon. RIBA; Hon. RWS; Hon. RSW and a DL. Sir John and Lady Stirling-Maxwell were both elected Fellows of the Royal Horticultural Society in 1902.[10]

In 1938 he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh. His proposers were Sir Ernest Wedderburn, Sir John Sutherland, Sir Thomas Henry Holland and Sir William Wright Smith.[11]

Sir John Stirling-Maxwell died at Pollok House on 30 May 1956.

Family[edit]

On 12 November 1901 he married Ann Christian Maxwell, daughter of The Rt. Hon. Sir Herbert Maxwell, 7th Baronet, at Mochrum Parish Church in Mochrum in Wigtownshire. The couple had one daughter, Dame Anne Maxwell Macdonald, 11th Baronetess.

Legacy[edit]

Sir John Stirling Maxwell pub, Shawlands

Sir John Stirling Maxwell is commemorated by a Wetherspoons pub on Kilmarnock Road in Shawlands, Glasgow.[1] The pub has a rating of 3.5 on Tripadvisor. [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stirling-Maxwell, Sir John, Bart. (STRN884J)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  2. ^ "Sir John Stirling Maxwell has been appointed Chairman". Exeter and Plymouth Gazette. 26 November 1929. Retrieved 27 November 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  3. ^ "Forestry Commission". Gloucester Citizen. 12 January 1932. Retrieved 27 November 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  4. ^ "No. 14368". The Edinburgh Gazette. 26 August 1927. pp. 989–989.
  5. ^ "No. 14858". The Edinburgh Gazette. 1 April 1932. pp. 267–267.
  6. ^ "No. 15286". The Edinburgh Gazette. 29 May 1936. pp. 460–460.
  7. ^ "Sir John Stirling-Maxwell Founding Master of Lodge Blythswood No.817". www.pglglasgow.org.uk.
  8. ^ "History of the Trust". National Trust For Scotland. Retrieved 29 October 2018.
  9. ^ "No. 33505". The London Gazette. 11 June 1929. pp. 3858–3858.
  10. ^ "Court Circular". The Times. No. 36773. London. 21 May 1902. p. 9.
  11. ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0-902-198-84-X.

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Glasgow College
1895–1906
Succeeded by
Baronetage of Nova Scotia
Preceded by Baronet
(of Pollok)
1878–1956
Succeeded by