John McGarry, OC (born 1957) is a political scientist from Northern Ireland. He was born in Belfast and grew up in Ballymena, County Antrim. He is currently Professor of Political Studies and Canada Research Chair in Nationalism and Democracy at Queen's University in Kingston, Ontario, Canada. He is the author of numerous influential books about ethnic conflict and particularly The Troubles. Many of the books were co-authored with Brendan O'Leary, whom McGarry met when they both attended Saint MacNissi’s College. McGarry and O'Leary's Policing Northern Ireland: Proposals for a New Start (Blackstaff Press, 1999) had a significant influence on the work of the Independent Commission on Policing for Northern Ireland. He currently sits on the advisory council of the Centre for the Study of Democracy and worked as a senior advisor on power-sharing to the United Nations in 2008-09.
In addition to teaching, he is currently the senior advisor on governance to the UN-led negotiations in Cyprus. His contribution and work were recognized in 2010, when he was invested into the Royal Society of Canada. He won Canada's prestigious Trudeau Fellowship Prize in 2011. In 2013, he was awarded the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal, and the Killam Prize. The latter is Canada's most prestigious research prize.
In 2014, McGarry won the Innis-Gérin Medal from the Royal Society of Canada, its top award in the social sciences. In 2015, his research on conflict resolution was recognized by the Council of Ontario Universities (COU) as one of the top 50 examples of "game-changing" research conducted in Ontario during the past 100 years.
McGarry and O'Leary have long backed consociationalism (power-sharing) as a method of conflict management and are widely considered to be the two leading theorists working in this field. Arend Lijphart has been a significant influence on their work. In 2009, a book entitled Consociational Theory: McGarry and O'Leary and the Northern Ireland Conflict was published, edited by Rupert Taylor.
On June 30, 2016, McGarry was made an Officer of the Order of Canada by Governor General David Johnston for "his scholarly contributions to the study of ethnic conflict and for designing governance frameworks that promote peace." 
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- "John McGarry". Department of Political Studies, Queen's University. Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- "Three Queen's professors named to Royal Society of Canada". Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- "Political Studies professor wins prestigious Trudeau Fellowship Prize". Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- "The Royal Society of Canada (RSC) Awards Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medals". Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- "The Canada Council for the Arts announces $500,000 in Killam Prizes". Retrieved 5 April 2013.
- "Fellows Janine Brodie and John McGarry recipients of the Innis-Gérin Medal". Retrieved 30 December 2014.
- "Ontario Game Changing Research - Making Peace, John McGarry". Retrieved 14 July 2015.
- McGarry, John; O'Leary, Brendan (2006). "Consociational theory, Northern Ireland's conflict, and its Agreement. Part 1: What consociationalists can learn from Northern Ireland" (PDF). Government and Opposition. 41 (1): 43–63. doi:10.1111/j.1477-7053.2006.00170.x.
- Taylor, Rupert, ed. (2009). Consociational Theory: McGarry and O'Leary and the Northern Ireland Conflict. London: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-42913-7.
- Globe and Mail Staff (June 30, 2016). "Canada's Honour Roll". Globe and Mail.
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