John McKinley

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For the American college football coach, see John L. McKinley. For the Missouri Lieutenant Governor, see John C. McKinley.
For the Australian explorer, see John McKinlay.
John McKinley
John McKinley.jpg
Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court
In office
April 22, 1837[1] – July 19, 1852
Nominated by Martin Van Buren
Preceded by (none)
Succeeded by John Archibald Campbell
United States Senator
from Alabama
In office
March 4, 1837 – April 22, 1837
Preceded by Gabriel Moore
Succeeded by Clement C. Clay
In office
November 27, 1826 – March 3, 1831
Preceded by Israel Pickens
Succeeded by Gabriel Moore
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 2nd district
In office
March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1835
Preceded by Samuel W. Mardis
Succeeded by Joshua L. Martin
Personal details
Born (1780-05-01)May 1, 1780
Culpeper County, Virginia
Died July 19, 1852(1852-07-19) (aged 72)
Louisville, Kentucky
Political party Jacksonian, Democrat
Religion Protestant

John McKinley (May 1, 1780 – July 19, 1852) was a U.S. Senator from the state of Alabama and an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court.

Born in Culpeper County, Virginia, his family moved to Kentucky when he was an infant. In that state he read law and was admitted to the bar in 1800, practicing in Frankfort and Louisville from 1800 to 1819 before moving to Huntsville, Alabama.

After serving in the Alabama House of Representatives, he was elected to the U.S. Senate, serving his first term from November 27, 1826 to March 3, 1831, being elected to fill out the rest of the term of Henry H. Chambers. Israel Pickens served as interim senator until McKinley was elected. He was reelected to the Senate, but served only from March 4, 1837 until his abrupt resignation on April 22 of that same year. McKinley received a recess appointment from President Martin Van Buren on April 22, 1837, to a newly created seat (one of two which had been created by Congress – 5 Stat. 176) on the Supreme Court. Formally nominated on September 18, 1837, McKinley was confirmed by the United States Senate on September 25, 1837, and received his commission the same day. There was no interim senator this time, and Clement C. Clay was elected to the post. McKinley served on the Supreme Court for fourteen years. He died in Louisville, Kentucky, on July 19, 1852, at the age of 72.[2][3]

The community of McKinley, Alabama is named in his honor.[4]


  1. ^ "Federal Judicial Center: John McKinley". 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2009-12-11. 
  2. ^ John McKinley, 1838-1852, Supreme Court Historical Society
  3. ^ McKINLEY, John, (1780–1852), Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  4. ^ Marengo County Heritage Book Committee (2000). The heritage of Marengo County, Alabama. Clanton, Alabama: Heritage Publishing Consultants. p. 9. ISBN 1-891647-58-X. 
Legal offices
Preceded by
New Seat
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
April 22, 1837 – July 19, 1852
Succeeded by
John Archibald Campbell
United States Senate
Preceded by
Israel Pickens
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Alabama
November 27, 1826 – March 4, 1831
Served alongside: William R. King
Succeeded by
Gabriel Moore
Preceded by
Gabriel Moore
U.S. Senator (Class 3) from Alabama
March 4, 1837 – April 22, 1837
Served alongside: William R. King
Succeeded by
Clement C. Clay
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Samuel W. Mardis
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Alabama's 2nd congressional district

March 4, 1833 – March 4, 1835
Succeeded by
Joshua L. Martin