John McMillan (missionary)

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John McMillan
John McMillan portrait 1820s.jpg
McMillan in the 1820s
Born November 11, 1752
Fagg's Manor, Pennsylvania
Died November 16, 1833(1833-11-16) (aged 81)
Canonsburg, Pennsylvania
Spouse(s) Catherine (Brown) McMillan
Church Presbyterian

John McMillan (1752–1833) was a prominent Presbyterian minister and missionary in Western Pennsylvania when that area was part of the American Frontier. He founded the first school west of the Allegheny Mountains, which is now known as John McMillan's Log School. He is one of the founders of Washington & Jefferson College


McMillan was born on November 11, 1752 in Fagg's Manor, Chester County, Pennsylvania.[1] His Scots-Irish parents (William McMillan & Margaret Rea) arrived in Chester County from County Antrim, Ireland in 1742.[1] McMillan attended Blair's grammar aschool in Fagg's Manor and studied theology at Robert Smith's Pequea Academy[2][3][4][5][6] He entered Princeton at 18 and graduated in 1772.[1] It was Princeton that he declared "that the divine law was not only holy and just but that it was also good and that conformity to it would make me happy."[1]

He was licensed to at age 22 in East Nottingham, Pennsylvania under the Presbytery of Newcastle.[1] He traveled west on foot in 1775, preaching along the way.[1] On 1776 August 6 he married Catherine Brown of Chester County (daughter of William Brown). He founded Pigeon Creek Church, where he served for 19 years, Chartiers Church, where he served for 47 years and 8 years with Matthew Brown.[1]

Amid the Revolutionary War and attacks from local Indians, McMillan moved his wife and their first child to a cabin on Shanon Run, the east branch of Chartiers Creek in Washington County, Pennsylvania. McMillan began teaching Greek and Latin to students in his log cabin, eventually graduating several prominent frontier ministers, including James McGready, William Swann, Samuel Porter, and Thomas Marquis. The precise date of the beginning of instruction is unknown.

McMillan was described as large man, with a height of 6 foot and weighing 200 pounds in his middle age. His voice was described as strong and "swarthy".[1] He was a Federalist and opposed the Whiskey Rebellion. He nominated Albert Gallatin for congress.[1] Gallatin's successor, James Ross was a classical teacher at McMillan's log college.[1] McMillan served in the militia in Captain James Scott's Company of the Third Battalion of the Washington County Military.[1] He was ordered to duty on May 8, 1782 and received "donation farm" in Mercer County from the government for his service.[1] He was related to Captain William Fife who was a captain during the Revolutionary War from western Pennsylvania.

McMillan and Rev. Matthew Henderson collected money to build the Canonsburg Academy in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania and transferred his log cabin students there. He is also considered a founder of the Pittsburgh Academy (later University of Pittsburgh as well as the Pittsburgh Xenia Theological Seminary and the Western Theological Seminary.[1] All told, he educated over 100 ministers and preached 6,000 sermons.[1] James Carnahan, President of Princeton University, said that he had aided church and education "more than any other man of his generation."[1]

In 1949, the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission installed a historical marker on U.S. Route 19, near Pennsylvania Route 519, south of Canonsburg noting McMillan's historic importance.[7] In 1949, the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission placed a marker adjacent to Hill Church and in 1951, adjacent to Bethel Presbyterian Church, both churches founded by McMillan.[8][9] His last remaining kin are the Smiths of Avella Pennsylvania.

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Coleman, Helen Turnbull Waite (1956). Banners in the Wilderness: The Early Years of Washington and Jefferson College. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 4–7. OCLC 2191890. 
  2. ^
  3. ^ Jacob H. Beam. "Dr. Robert Smith's Academy at Pequea" Journal of Presbyterian Historical Society. volVIII, #4
  4. ^ Lemuel F. Leake. "Early Life of Dr. John McMillan" _Presbyterian Advocate_ volVII #52
  5. ^ Daniel M. Bennett _Life and Work of Rev. John McMillan, D.D._ 150
  6. ^ | chapter 36 pp 438–463 | Boyd Crumrine, _History of Washington County, Pennsylvania with Biographical Sketches of Many of Its Pioneers and Prominent Men"_ (Philadelphia: L. H. Leverts & Co., 1882)
  7. ^ "John McMillan - PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Bethel Presbyterian Church - PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Hill Church - Bethel Presbyterian Church - PHMC Historical Markers". Historical Marker Database. Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission. Retrieved December 10, 2013.