John Middleton (architect)

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For other people named John Middleton, see John Middleton (disambiguation).
St Mark's Church, Cheltenham

John Middleton (1820–1885) was an English architect of the 19th century. He was born in York, in August 1820.


Though only 24, in August 1844 Middleton gained his first contract and was asked to design Cleveland Lodge, an impressive mansion situated directly beneath Roseberry Topping. He was then employed as a retained architect for the Stockton and Darlington Railway (S&DR), and built stations and railway buildings for a number of lines, including the Wear and Derwent Junction Railway (1845), the Middlesbrough and Redcar Railway (1846) and finally the recently re-opened Weardale Railway (1847).

He moved to Cheltenham in 1859 where he designed five Anglican churches, which were All Saints', Holy Apostles, St. Mark's, St. Philip & St. James and St. Stephen's Churches. It was also Middleton's company who were contracted to build the Canterbury building at the University of Wales, Lampeter, though this was opened in 1887, and as such it is unlikely that Middleton had a great deal direct input on this building, since he died in Wales in 1885.

Personal life[edit]

Middleton married Maria Margaret Pritchett, daughter of James Pigott Pritchett, architect of York, and his first wife Peggy Maria Terry. Their only surviving child John Henry Middleton (1846–1896)[1] was appointed director of the Victoria and Albert Museum in 1893.


  1. ^ Oxford Dictionary of Architects [© Oxford University Press 2004–7]accessed 16 December 2006