John Monks

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The Lord Monks
Official portrait of Lord Monks crop 2.jpg
General Secretary of the European Trade Union Confederation
In office
Preceded byEmilio Gabaglio
Succeeded byBernadette Ségol
General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress
In office
Preceded byNorman Willis
Succeeded byBrendan Barber
Deputy General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress
In office
Preceded byKenneth Graham
Succeeded byBrendan Barber
Personal details
Born (1945-08-05) 5 August 1945 (age 73)
Manchester, England
Political partyLabour and Co-operative
Alma materUniversity of Nottingham

John Stephen Monks, Baron Monks (born 5 August 1945) is a Labour Co-operative member of the House of Lords and was the General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) in the UK from 1993 until 2003, when he became the General Secretary of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC).

Early life[edit]

He attended Ducie Technical High School (became Ducie High School then closed in 2003 to become Manchester Academy) next to the University of Manchester on Lloyd Street North in Moss Side, Manchester (three years below John Thaw). He studied Economic History at the University of Nottingham.


From 1967 to 1969, he was a management trainee and junior manager with Plessey in Surrey.


He joined the TUC in 1969 and by 1977 was the head of the Organisation and Industrial Relations Department, and the Deputy General Secretary in 1987, leading to his election in 1993 as General Secretary.[1]


He was General Secretary of the European Trade Union Confederation, based in Brussels, between 2003 and 2011.[1]

Other Interests[edit]

Monks has also sat on numerous other bodies, including Acas from 1979 until 1995. In 2000, he agreed to chair the Co-operative Commission, reporting in 2001 with recommendations for the co-operative movement. He was also President of the British Airline Pilots Association. He is a non executive director of Thompsons Solicitors.Additionally, he is a vice - president of Justice for Colombia and of the Smith Institute, and President of the Involvement and Participation Association. Monks has honorary degrees from the universities of Nottingham, Salford, Manchester(UMIST), Cranfield, Cardiff, Southampton, Kingston and the Open University. He is also a Fellow of the City and Guilds of London Institute.

House of Lords[edit]

He took his seat in the House of Lords on 11 October 2010, having been created a life peer on 26 July 2010 as Baron Monks, of Blackley in the County of Greater Manchester.[2][3] In August 2014, Monks was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to The Guardian opposing Scottish independence in the run-up to September's referendum on that issue.[4]

He was appointed a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur (2014).[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Stevenson, Alexander (2013). The Public Sector: Managing The Unmanageable. ISBN 978-0-7494-6777-7.
  2. ^ "No. 59502". The London Gazette. 29 July 2010. p. 14515.
  3. ^ Biography Lord Monks Archived 2010-12-27 at the Wayback Machine - official website of the UK Parliament
  4. ^ "Celebrities' open letter to Scotland – full text and list of signatories | Politics". 2014-08-07. Retrieved 2014-08-26.

External links[edit]

Trade union offices
Preceded by
Kenneth Graham
Deputy General Secretary of the TUC
Succeeded by
Brendan Barber
Preceded by
Norman Willis
General Secretary of the TUC
Succeeded by
Brendan Barber
Preceded by
Emilio Gabaglio
General Secretary of the ETUC
Succeeded by
Bernadette Ségol