John Monks

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For other people named John Monks, see John Monks (disambiguation).
The Right Honourable
The Lord Monks
John Monks.jpg
General Secretary of the European Trade Union Confederation
In office
Preceded by Emilio Gabaglio
Succeeded by Bernadette Ségol
General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress
In office
Preceded by Norman Willis
Succeeded by Brendan Barber
Deputy General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress
In office
Preceded by Kenneth Graham
Succeeded by Brendan Barber
Personal details
Born (1945-08-05) 5 August 1945 (age 71)
Manchester, England
Political party Labour
Alma mater University of Nottingham

John Stephen Monks, Baron Monks (born 5 August 1945, Manchester) is a Labour member of the House of Lords and was the General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) in the UK from 1993 until 2003, when he became the General Secretary of the European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC).

Early life[edit]

He attended Ducie Technical High School (became Ducie High School then closed in 2003 to become Manchester Academy) next to the University of Manchester on Lloyd Street North in Moss Side, Manchester (three years below John Thaw). He studied Economic History at the University of Nottingham.


From 1967 to 1969, he was a management trainee and junior manager with Plessey in Surrey.


He joined the TUC in 1969 and by 1977 was the head of the Organisation and Industrial Relations Department, and the Deputy General Secretary in 1987, leading to his election in 1993 as General Secretary.[1]


He was General Secretary of the European Trade Union Confederation, based in Brussels, between 2003 and 2011.[1]

Other Interests

Monks has also sat on numerous other bodies, including Acas from 1979 until 1995. In 2000, he agreed to chair the Co-operative Commission, reporting in 2001 with recommendations for the co-operative movement. He is also a trustee of the People's History Museum, Manchester and President of the British Airline Pilots Association. He is a non executive director of Thompsons Solicitors and a Trustee of NOW:Pensions. Additionally, he is a vice - president of Justice for Colombia and of the Smith Institute, and President of the Involvement and Participation Association. Monks has honorary degrees from the universities of Nottingham, Salford, Manchester(UMIST), Cranfield, Cardiff, Southampton, Kingston and the Open University. He is also a Fellow of the City and Guilds of London Institute.

House of Lords[edit]

He took his seat in the House of Lords on 11 October 2010, having been created a life peer on 26 July 2010 as Baron Monks, of Blackley in the County of Greater Manchester.[2][3] In August 2014, Monks was one of 200 public figures who were signatories to a letter to The Guardian opposing Scottish independence in the run-up to September's referendum on that issue.[4]

He was appointed a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur (2014)

Personal life[edit]

He married Francine Schenk in 1970 in north-west Surrey and they have two sons (born 1973 and 1976) and a daughter (born 1981), four granddaughters and one grandson.[citation needed]


  1. ^ a b Stevenson, Alexander (2013). The Public Sector: Managing The Unmanageable. ISBN 978-0-7494-6777-7. 
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 59502. p. 14515. 29 July 2010.
  3. ^ Biography Lord Monks - official website of the UK Parliament
  4. ^ "Celebrities' open letter to Scotland – full text and list of signatories | Politics". 2014-08-07. Retrieved 2014-08-26. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Kenneth Graham
Deputy General Secretary of the TUC
Succeeded by
Brendan Barber
Preceded by
Norman Willis
General Secretary of the TUC
Succeeded by
Brendan Barber
Preceded by
Emilio Gabaglio
General Secretary of the ETUC
Succeeded by
Bernadette Ségol