John Montagu (Royal Navy officer)
1795 (aged 75–76)|
|Allegiance||Kingdom of Great Britain|
North American Station|
War of the Austrian Succession|
American Revolutionary War
He was born in 1719, son of James Montagu of Lackham, Lacock, Wiltshire (died 1747), and great-grandson of James Montagu of Lackham (1602–1665), third son of Henry Montagu, 1st Earl of Manchester.  Montagu began his naval career in the Royal Naval Academy, Portsmouth on 14 August 1733.
He was promoted lieutenant in 1740 and served on HMS Buckingham and, in 1744, was present at the Battle off Toulon. In 1757 he was present at the execution of Admiral John Byng. Promoted to Rear-Admiral in 1770, he served as Commander-in-Chief of the North American Station from 1771 to 1774.
He was promoted Vice-Admiral in 1776 and then appointed Governor and commander-in-chief of Newfoundland. Montagu captured St. Pierre and Miquelon for the British and defended Newfoundland from both French and American privateers. By his swift actions he had prevented the French from capturing Carbonear and Harbour Grace.
Montagu married Sophia Wroughton on 2 December 1748 and had one daughter and four sons. Of his sons, George and James became naval officers, while Edward became a lieutenant-colonel in the Royal Artillery. His daughter Sophia lived at Dale Park and the house there was constructed for her and her husband.
- Laughton, John Knox (1894). "Montagu, John (1719-1795)". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 38. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Biography at Government House The Governorship of Newfoundland and Labrador
- History in Portsmouth Archived 27 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
- Jacob M. Price, ‘Smith, John Abel (1802–1871)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 16 April 2017
|Parliament of Great Britain|
| Member of Parliament for Huntingdon
With: Edward Montagu
| Commander-in-Chief, North American Station
| Commodore Governor of Newfoundland
| Commander-in-Chief, Portsmouth
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