John Montgomery (Maryland politician)

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John Montgomery (1764 – July 17, 1828) was an American lawyer from Baltimore, Maryland. He represented the sixth district of Maryland in the U.S. Congress from 1807 until 1811. He served as the Attorney General of Maryland from 1811 to 1818 and Mayor of Baltimore from 1820 to 1822 and 1824 to 1826.


The son of John Montgomery, a member of the Continental Congress during the American Revolution, the younger John Montgomery was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania in 1764. He was educated in Carlisle, studied law, was admitted to the bar in 1791 and moved to Harford County, Maryland to begin a practice.

A Democratic-Republican, Montgomery served in the Maryland House of Delegates from 1793 to 1798. From 1793 to 1796 he was Harford County's State's Attorney.

In 1806 Montgomery was a successful candidate for Congress. He won reelection in 1808 and 1810, and served in the 10th, 11th, and 12th Congresses, holding office from March 4, 1807 until he resigned on April 29, 1811.

Montgomery resigned from Congress and relocated to Baltimore in order to accept appointment as Attorney General of Maryland. He served from April 29, 1811 to February 11, 1818.

During the War of 1812 Montgomery was appointed a captain in the militia and commanded the Baltimore Union Artillery, and he took part in the Battle of North Point.

Montgomery served again in the House of Delegates in 1819. He was Mayor of Baltimore from 1820 to 1822 and again in 1824 to 1826.

Death and burial[edit]

He died in Baltimore on July 17, 1828. He was buried in the cemetery of the Methodist Episcopal Church in the Bel Air hamlet of Emmorton. This cemetery is also known as Mount Carmel Cemetery, Bel Air Methodist Episcopal Church Cemetery, and Mount Carmel Methodist Church Cemetery.


Montgomery was married first to Mary Hanes or Harris, also called Polly. In 1809 he married Maria Nicholson (1775-1868), the daughter of United States Navy officer James Nicholson. His children included sons John and James N.


United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
John Archer
U.S. Congressman, Maryland's 6th District
Succeeded by
Stevenson Archer
Legal offices
Preceded by
John Johnson Sr.
Attorney General of Maryland
Succeeded by
Luther Martin
Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Johnson
Mayor of Baltimore
Succeeded by
Edward Johnson
Preceded by
Edward Johnson
Mayor of Baltimore
Succeeded by
Jacob Small