John Morgan (physician)
June 10, 1735|
Philadelphia, Province of Pennsylvania
|Died||October 15, 1789(aged 54)|
|Alma mater||University of Edinburgh
University of Pennsylvania
|Known for||founder of what is now the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania|
|Doctoral advisor||William Cullen|
John Morgan (June 10, 1735 – October 15, 1789), "founder of Public Medical Instruction in America," was co-founder of the Medical College at the University of Pennsylvania, the first medical school in Colonial America; and he served as the second "Chief physician & director general" of the Continental Army (an early name for the Surgeon General of the United States Army). He also founded the American Philosophical Society in 1766 in Philadelphia.
The first son of Evan Morgan, an immigrant from Wales, and Joanna Biles, Morgan was born in Philadelphia in the Province of Pennsylvania. After a classical education at West Nottingham Academy in Maryland, he graduated from the College of Philadelphia (now the University of Pennsylvania) in 1757.:18
He fought for the British during the Seven Years' War, commissioned as a lieutenant and serving as a surgeon on the western frontier. After that he studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh, Scotland, where he earned his degree in 1763. He did some touring in Europe, studying medical practice in Paris and visiting Italy. During this time, he was elected to the Royal Academy of Surgery at Paris in 1764 and the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh and of London in 1765.
Morgan served as Chief Physician to the Continental Army from October 1775 to January 1777. He was empowered by the U.S. Congress to inspect regimental hospitals and transfer patients if warranted and to examine regimental surgeons. Rancor with the regimental surgeons became so bad that Morgan quit when the Army moved from Boston to New York.
He was a founding member of the American Philosophical Society in 1766, based in Philadelphia.
- Morgan, John; Harding, Julia Morgan (1907). The journal of Dr. John Morgan of Philadelphia. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott Company. OCLC 4074944.
- Norris, George Washington (1886). The Early History of Medicine in Philadelphia. Philadelphia: Collins Printing House. Wikisource.
- Kelly, Howard A.; Burrage, Walter L., eds. (1920). "Morgan, John". American Medical Biographies. Baltimore: The Norman, Remington Company.
- "John Morgan (1735–1789)", Archives, University of Pennsylvania, accessed 29 January 2011
- "John Morgan (1735–1789) founder of American medical education.", JAMA (published November 15, 1965), 194 (7), pp. 825–6, 1965, doi:10.1001/jama.194.7.825, PMID 5321359