John Motley Morehead

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John Motley Morehead
John Motley Morehead.jpg
29th Governor of North Carolina
In office
January 1, 1841 – January 1, 1845
Preceded byEdward Bishop Dudley
Succeeded byWilliam Alexander Graham
Member of the North Carolina General Assembly
Personal details
Born(1796-07-04)July 4, 1796
Pittsylvania County, Virginia
DiedAugust 27, 1866(1866-08-27) (aged 70)
Rockbridge Springs, Virginia
NationalityAmerican
Political partyWhig
RelationsJames Turner Morehead (brother)
ChildrenJames
Alma materUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
OccupationLawyer

John Motley Morehead (July 4, 1796 – August 27, 1866) was an American lawyer and politician who became the 29th Governor of the U.S. state of North Carolina (1841 to 1845). He became known as "the Father of Modern North Carolina."[1][2]

Early and family life[edit]

Born in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, Morehead was the son of Obedience (Motley) and John Morehead. His parents moved to Rockingham County, North Carolina when Morehead was two.[2]

After a private education including the Caldwell Institute in Greensboro, Morehead attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. There he became a member of the Dialectic and Philanthropic Societies, and graduated in 1817.[2]

Career[edit]

Morehead read law under Archibald Murphey and was admitted to the North Carolina bar in 1819. He practiced law in Wentworth, North Carolina. In 1821, Rockingham County voters first elected him to serve in the North Carolina House of Commons. Beginning in 1826, Guilford County voters twice elected Morehead to represent them in the North Carolina House of Commons. In 1835, Morehead was chosen to be a delegate to the state Constitutional Convention, where he advocated representation based on population (which benefitted western North Carolina because of its relatively few enslaved people).[2]

Voters elected Morehead governor in 1840, and he became the first governor inaugurated in the new State Capitol. During his two gubernatorial terms, Morehead supported the new public school system, extending railroad lines, river and harbor improvements and constructing canals and turnpikes, but the Democrats in the state legislature passed few of those measures. During his final year, Morehead supported creation of a school for the deaf, which would be named in his honor.

After his term as governor ended in 1845, Morehead returned to his home, Blandwood, in Greensboro, North Carolina, designed by New York City architect Alexander Jackson Davis. There, Morehead entertained numerous politicians and personalities of the day, including Dorothea Dix.

Morehead helped raise private funds for a railroad line to accompany $2 million finally authorized by the legislature, which became the North Carolina Railroad. In 1854, Morehead became the first president and the railroad's terminus was named Morehead City, North Carolina in his honor in 1860. His successor at the railroad, Charles Frederick Fisher, however, endured significant criticism during the intervening years.[3] Morehead also built a cotton mill in Leaksville, and served on the Board of Trustees of UNC, his alma mater.

Morehead returned to the North Carolina house in 1858. In 1861, he represented North Carolina at a conference to avoid war. With the failure of the conference and the secession of North Carolina, Morehead served in the Confederate Congress.

Death and legacy[edit]

Morehead died at Rockbridge Springs, Virginia in 1866. He is buried in the Old First Presbyterian Church Cemetery located at the Greensboro Historical Museum in Greensboro.[4][2]

Legacy[edit]

Marble bust of Morehead at the North Carolina State Capitol

His grandson, John Motley Morehead III (United States Ambassador to Sweden 1930-33), bequeathed to the University of North Carolina $130 million, commissioned the university's planetarium, and funded the John Motley Morehead Foundation. His granddaughter Lily Morehead Mebane was decorated by the governments of France and Serbia for her relief work after World War I; she later served two terms in the North Carolina state legislature.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Slappey, Kellie. "John Motley Morehead". NorthCarolinaHistory.org. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e Kearney, H. Thomas Jr. (1991). "John Motley Morehead". NCPedia.
  3. ^ Grant, D.F. (1986). "Charles Frederick Fisher". Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  4. ^ "Jim-Turner-Silver-Spring - User Trees - Genealogy.com".
  5. ^ "A photograph of Lily Morehead Mebane in her relief worker uniform". Digital NC. 1921.

External links[edit]

Media related to John Motley Morehead at Wikimedia Commons

Political offices
Preceded by
Edward Bishop Dudley
Governor of North Carolina
1841–1845
Succeeded by
William Alexander Graham
Confederate States House of Representatives
Preceded by
none
Representative to the Provisional Confederate Congress from North Carolina
1861
Succeeded by
none