John Motley Morehead
|29th Governor of North Carolina|
January 1, 1841 – January 1, 1845
|Preceded by||Edward Bishop Dudley|
|Succeeded by||William Alexander Graham|
|Member of the North Carolina General Assembly|
|Born||July 4, 1796|
Pittsylvania County, Virginia
|Died||August 27, 1866 (aged 70)|
Rockbridge Springs, Virginia
|Relations||James Turner Morehead (brother)|
|Alma mater||University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill|
John Motley Morehead (July 4, 1796 – August 27, 1866) was an American lawyer and politician who became the 29th governor of the U.S. state of North Carolina (1841 to 1845). He became known as "the Father of Modern North Carolina."
Early and family life
After a private education including private tutors around Greensboro, Morehead attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. There he became a member of the Dialectic and Philanthropic Societies, and graduated in 1817.
Morehead read law under Archibald Murphey and was admitted to the North Carolina bar in 1819. He practiced law in Wentworth, North Carolina. In 1821, Rockingham County voters first elected him to serve in the North Carolina House of Commons. Beginning in 1826, Guilford County voters twice elected Morehead to represent them in the North Carolina House of Commons. In 1835, Morehead was chosen to be a delegate to the state Constitutional Convention, where he advocated representation based on population (which benefitted western North Carolina because of its relatively few enslaved people).
Voters elected Morehead governor in 1840, and he became the first governor inaugurated in the new State Capitol. During his two gubernatorial terms, Morehead supported the new public school system, extending railroad lines, river and harbor improvements and constructing canals and turnpikes, but the Democrats in the state legislature passed few of those measures. During his final year, Morehead supported creation of a school for the deaf, which would be named in his honor.
After his term as governor ended in 1845, Morehead returned to his home, Blandwood, in Greensboro, North Carolina, designed by New York City architect Alexander Jackson Davis. There, Morehead entertained numerous politicians and personalities of the day, including Dorothea Dix.
Morehead helped raise private funds for a railroad line to accompany $2 million finally authorized by the legislature, which became the North Carolina Railroad. In 1854, Morehead became the first president and the railroad's terminus was named Morehead City, North Carolina in his honor in 1860. His successor at the railroad, Charles Frederick Fisher, however, endured significant criticism during the intervening years. Morehead also built a cotton mill in Leaksville, and served on the Board of Trustees of UNC, his alma mater.
Morehead returned to the North Carolina house in 1858. In 1861, he represented North Carolina at a conference to avoid war. With the failure of the conference and the secession of North Carolina, Morehead served in the Confederate Congress.
His grandson, John Motley Morehead III (United States Ambassador to Sweden 1930–33), bequeathed to the University of North Carolina $130 million, commissioned the university's planetarium, and funded the John Motley Morehead Foundation. His granddaughter Lily Morehead Mebane was decorated by the governments of France and Serbia for her relief work after World War I; she later served two terms in the North Carolina state legislature. Governor Morehead School, a state school for the blind, is named after him.
- Slappey, Kellie. "John Motley Morehead". NorthCarolinaHistory.org. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- Kearney, H. Thomas Jr. (1991). "John Motley Morehead". NCPedia.
- Grant, D.F. (1986). "Charles Frederick Fisher". Retrieved September 30, 2019.
- "Jim-Turner-Silver-Spring - User Trees - Genealogy.com". www.genealogy.com. Retrieved 2021-05-08.
- "A photograph of Lily Morehead Mebane in her relief worker uniform". Images of North Carolina. 1921.
- "About GMS". Governor Morehead School. Retrieved 2021-06-26.
- "History | Morehead City NC".
Media related to John Motley Morehead at Wikimedia Commons