John Mulholland (magician)
|Born||9 June 1898|
|Died||25 February 1970 (aged 71)|
Mulholland was born on June 9, 1898, in Chicago, Illinois. His parents were John and Irene Wickizer. While still at school Mulholland started his professional magic career from 1913. He was educated at Columbia University and College of the City of New York. Mulholland supplemented his income by teaching industrial arts at Horace Mann School during 1919-1925.
Life and work
Mulholland learned the art of magic as a teenager with John William Sargent, President of the Society of American Magicians. Mulholland was a professional magician for two decades, working in small companies and large stage shows. He ran one of the first magic workshops and was from 1930 the editor of the magical trade magazine The Sphinx. He published many books on magic and its history.
Mulholland was a close friend of Harry Houdini. Mulholland asserted that "Houdini once told me that he considered no man to be a magician until he was able skillfully to perform the cups and balls."
In 1939, he was the only foreign officer in the British Magical Society, and by that time had studied his craft in 42 countries.
He left his editorial position at The Sphinx in 1953, officially due to health problems but actually to work for the CIA.
During the Cold War, Mulholland was paid by the CIA to write a manual on deception and misdirection. Copies of the document were believed to have been destroyed in 1973, however, copies later resurfaced and were published as "The Official CIA Manual of Trickery and Deception".
In 2008, magician Ben Robinson authored The Magician: John Mulholland's Secret Life which documented his work with the CIA.
A review which highly praised the book, stated that Mulholland had "been sworn at, threatened, and even shot at while acquiring the information".
- Secrets of the Fortune-Telling Racket. Popular Science. January, 1931. [with Michel Mok]
- Magicians Scoff. Popular Science. September, 1952.
- Magic in the Making (1925)
- Quicker than the Eye (1932)
- The Magic and Magicians of the World (1932)
- The Story of Magic (1935)
- Beware Familiar Spirits (1938)
- The Girl in the Cage (1939)
- The Art of Illusion (1944)
- The Early Magic Shows (1945)
- The Official CIA Manual of Trickery and Deception (1953)
- Practical Puppetry (1961)
- John Mulholland’s Book of Magic (1963)
- Magic of the World (1965)
- The Magical Mind -- Key to Successful Communication (1967)
- Contemporary Authors: First Revision, Volumes 5-8. Gale Research Company, 1969. p. 806
- Basbanes, Nicholas A. (1995). A Gentle Madness: Bibliophiles, Bibliomanes, and the Eternal Passion for Books. Henry Holt and Company. p. 419
- Osborne, Thomas James. (1937). Cups and Balls Magic. Kanter's Magic Shop. p. 8
- "New York Day by Day by O. O. McIntyre, John Mullholland (1936)". Valley Morning Star. 1936-09-09. p. 8. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
- "Flowers will grow before your eyes in Rainbow show, John Mullholland (1939)". El Paso Herald-Post. 1939. p. 2. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
- "Magicians to entertain by clever tricks, John Mullholland (1936)". Enterprise-Journal. 1936-05-07. p. 6. Retrieved 2017-11-21.
- "CIA's Lost Magic Manual Resurfaces". Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- "Secret CIA 'Magic' Manual Reveals Cold War Spy Tricks". Retrieved 24 May 2016.
- The New Books. Review of Beware Familiar Spirits. The Saturday Review. November 26, 1938. p. 24
- Coleman, Earle Jerome. (1987). Magic: A Reference Guide. Greenwood Press. p. 120