John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl
John Murray, 1st Marquess of Atholl, KT (2 May 1631 – 6 May 1703) was a leading Scottish royalist and defender of the Stuarts during the English Civil War of the 1640s, until after the rise to power of William and Mary in 1689. He succeeded as 2nd Earl of Atholl on his father's demise in June 1642 and as 3rd Earl of Tullibardine after the death of his first cousin the 2nd Earl in 1670.
The son of John Murray, 1st Earl of Atholl (cr.1629) by his wife Jane, daughter of Sir Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy, he was, in 1653, a chief supporter of the 8th Earl of Glencairn's rising to power in opposition to English plans to incorporate Scotland into the Commonwealth and devoted 2000 men to the battle. He was eventually obliged to surrender the following year to George Monck, the victorious Commonwealth commander.
In 1660, Murray became a privy councillor, obtained a charter of the hereditary office of sheriff of Fife and in 1663 was appointed Lord President of the Court of Session. Murray became the first captain-general of the Royal Company of Archers in 1670. In 1672 he became Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland and on 14 January 1673 became an Extraordinary Lord of Session.
In 1678, Murray temporarily lost royal favour by counselling moderation concerning the measures taken against the Covenanters, but fought vigorously against the 8th Earl of Argyll in the Monmouth Rebellion of 1685 and was instrumental in defeating him. Murray showed to be lukewarm to the accession of William III, though allowed his troops to be used at the Battle of Killiecrankie against the supporters of the new king and was knighted in 1687. Ironically, given Murray's rumoured Jacobite leanings but public opposition to the group, his grandson, Lord George Murray became a famed general of the Jacobites and was responsible for their success throughout the greater part of the 1745 uprising.
Murray was described by Lord Macaulay as "the falsest, the most fickle, the most pusillanimous of mankind."
On 5 May 1659, Lord Atholl married Lady Amelia Ann Sophia Stanley (1633-22 February 1702/1703), daughter of the James Stanley, 7th Earl of Derby and Charlotte de La Tremoille. They had twelve children, but four died young:
- John Murray, 1st Duke of Atholl (24 February 1660 – 14 November 1724), eldest son and heir, married (1) Lady Katherine Douglas-Hamilton, (2) Lady Mary Ross.
- Charles Murray, 1st Earl of Dunmore (24 February 1661 – 19 April 1710), married Catherine Watts.
- Lord James Murray (8 May 1663 – 30 December 1719), married Anne Murray of Glenmuir.
- William Murray, 2nd Lord Nairne (1664-3 February 1726), married Margaret Nairne. Their daughter Margaret Murray (d. 28 May 1773) married in 1712 William Drummond, 4th Viscount Strathallan.
- Lady Charlotte Murray (1663–1735), married Thomas Cooper. No issue.
- Lady Amelia Murray (1666–1743), married 1. Hugh Fraser, 9th Lord Lovat; 2. Simon Fraser of Beaufort.
- Lady Jane Murray (1666–1670), died young.
- Sir Mungo Murray, Bt. (1668–1700), married Rachel Beaverich 2-25-1695, Fife, Scotland; Killed in Panama 1700, fighting the Spanish. Son, David b.1698 m. Margaret Donald; Children: David 1724, Jane 1727, Jane m. Gen. Frederick Watts of American Revolution (b.Jun 1,1719, Kerrimuir, Scotland).
- Lord Edward Murray (1669–1743), married Katherine Skene.
- Lord Henry Murray (b.1670), died young.
- Lady Katherine Murray (1672–1689), died young.
- Lord George Murray (1673–1691), died young.
Prior to his marriage with Amelia Sophia Stanley one 'natural son' was born 1658 circa to Janett Mannachie from Dunkeld Perthshire. This son's name is unknown however he is stated to have been apprenticed to an Edinburgh Lawyer (Writer) by the name of Louefoote (Lightfoot?). According to correspondence from the above mentioned Lord Edward Murray b.1669 and reproduced in the Atholl Chronicles-dated March 25, 1735 addressed to his nephew John 1st Duke of Athol, this son died of smallpox 1680-90 circa.
Also same source records:*Jane Murray b.1676c- twin, & Male Murray- b.1676c -twin born Castle Tullibardine Perthshire and lived in France.(Mother was: Ms Richards a 'companion' of Amelia Sophia Stanley) m. 1. Captain Anderson (Navy); m.2. Mr Ongolling; m3. James Mazel.
- William Murray b. 1658 circa, m. Mary Vans -Son William Vans Murray d. 1763 Maryland.
- Brown, Peter, publisher, The Peerage of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1834, pps:62-64.
- thePeerage.com - Details on genealogy of Murray and connected figures.
- Tartans.com - Article on Clan Murray history.
The Earl of Dunfermline
|Keeper of the Privy Seal of Scotland
The Earl of Forfar
The Earl of Newburgh
|Captain and Colonel of the
Scots Troop of Horse Guards
The Marquess of Montrose
|Peerage of Scotland|
|New creation||Marquess of Atholl
|Earl of Atholl
|Earl of Tullibardine